The theme of revenge as depicted in Homer's The Odyssey comes into play when Odysseus exacts his punishment on the wooers that invaded and denigrated his home. The revenge, in my opinion, was not only acceptable, but also, a necessity given the gravity of the situation. Although Odysseus' justice was swift and severe, this epic could not allow moderation in punishment, as it wouldn't follow the grandiosity of the story's theme. The actions of Odysseus were justified because he endured years and years of turmoil and battle.
In Homer’s The Iliad, epic hero Achilles serves as an example of how rage, when unchecked, leads to disastrous repercussions. Achilles, though nearly superhuman in his physical abilities, struggles repeatedly to contain his anger. Throughout The Iliad, as Achilles’ fury compounds, the consequences of his actions become catastrophic, eventually leading to the death of his best friend, Patroclus. Although Achilles ultimately chooses to avenge Patroclus’ death and achieve his own kleos, or honor, his rage-driven actions lead to the death of many Achaean soldiers, and change the course of his fate.
Conclusion: As we can see there are many different examples of revenge in Beowulf. That all play a vital and very important role in the plot of this story. It basically keeps you on your toes wondering what is going to happen next. They all take revenge on people for different things. Grendel 's mom takes revenge on the meade hall of heorot and people there because of the loss of her son, While Beowulf takes revenge for the loss of his companion.
English 271 Achilles and Hector in The Iliad and Medea and Jason Medea all have characteristics that potentially led to their downfall. Achilles is a very angry man and it leads him to do unspeakable things. Hector is very prideful and in the end clouds his judgement. In Medea, Medea is revengeful and all she thinks about his getting revenge. Jason is insensitive and in the end it cost him his family.
In Book 3, Hector spurs Paris by taunting and insulting him, calling him a “curse to [his] father, [his] city, and all of [his] people” for his lack of courage and perseverance (3.58). This prompts Paris to present the idea of a duel against Menelaus, in which they will “fight it out for Helen and all her wealth” (3.86). Other times, this fighting spirit is regained through leaders’ compliments and encouragement. Before the war begins again after the duel between Menelaus and Paris, Agamemnon was “quick to salute [Idomeneus] and sing his praises” (4.292). He urges Idomeneus to “be that fighter you claimed to be in all the years gone by,” which spurs Idomeneus to “cut down Phaestus” (5.48).
Homer’s “The Iliad” uses Achilles, our epic hero, as a demonstration of the power rage has over men, and how that in turn affects fate. Achilles, though sometimes considered godlike in his sheer power, often succumbs to his overwhelming rage--eventually at the expense of his best friend’s life, and nearly his own honor. Although Achilles ultimately chooses to avenge Patroclus’ death and achieve his own kleos, his initial rage-fueled decision to withdraw his participation in the war leads to the death of many Achaean soldiers at the hands of the Trojan forces, thus demonstrating the power prideful rage has in determining fate. Achilles’ initial refusal to battle alongside Agammemnon, motivated by his fury at being publicly shamed, leads to
He is losing all of his honorable traits, including the ones he earned in his political position as senator, by going against his fellow senator, Caesar. This affects the work as a whole because of the themes of the play, ambition, and conflict, have a strong impact on what Shakespeare is ultimately trying to express between the main characters. Ambition has an effect on the plot because Caesar is a very ambitious man. This alone and the numerous letters Brutus has been receiving leads him to think that he is no good for Rome, Caesar’s ambition worries Brutus. Cassius is a man of great ambition also.
Shakespeare’s diction throughout the play, plays a key role in the tragedy as it sets a tone and is used to foreshadow. In Act 3 scene 1, Shakespeare uses many words that signify the incentive to fight, by deciding to open the dramatic scene by saying “for now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring” (3.1.4) the words “hot”, and “mad blood” can be interpreted as a foreshadowing, this relates to the irrationality of the violence in the play because it foreshadows the deaths in the scene and the fights that will be started by Mercutio’s unsound anger. Another example is in Act 1 scene 1, the Prince after stopping the fighting between the two families, then scolds them for fighting and tells them to “quench the fire of [their] pernicious rage” (1.1.86) and to “Throw [their] mistempered weapons to the ground” (1.1.89), through the use of the words “pernicious rage”, and “mistempered weapons”, it helps Shakespeare convey that the violence only does more harm to the two families and that they’re fighting for no
He has always pursued traditional goals familiar to Homer’s world and to many places in ours: help friends, harm enemies, earn honor for success in battle. Enraged by the tribunal’s failure to acknowledge his supreme martial skill, Ajax tries to murder all of the Greek leaders. After regaining his senses, Ajax makes this speech, which has the effect of misleading listeners into thinking that Ajax intends to soften and accept the tribunal’s decision, yet he claims that the Greek leaders are aiming to be more powerful than they should be. Ajax says “In future, then, we’ll know to yield to the gods / And learn how to revere the sons of Atreus” (666-667). For self-preservation, Ajax says that one should revere the gods and yield to the Greek leaders, but Ajax emphasizes the power-grabbing by reversing the verbs “yield”, and “revere.”
For example, in the Odyssey, Odysseus slaughters the hundreds of suitors endeavoring to court his wife, Penelope. Although his actions appear quite drastic, the ignominy the submissive Penelope endures elicits Odysseus, the strategist, to inflict vengeance unto the infringers of Grecian conventions with the sanction of the Olympians. Moreover, Odysseus, the genuine hero, jeopardizes his life for the security of not only his wife but for the civilians of Ithaca who suffered through the debilitating regime of the degenerate suitors as well. Contrary to Odysseus’ underscored intrepidity in respect to integrity, Om Sokdae’s deficiency of perturbation stems from an assurance that the instructor lacks consciousness of his misdeeds; thereby, due to teacher’s unequivocal faith in the class monitor, Sokdae forsakes the implementation of rationale and rectitude in his governance. To illustrate, through the utilization of trepidation, Om Sokdae coerces the students to proffer their meals, and oftentimes, he purloins cherished possessions -- as one may discern by the pilfering of Yun’s gold pen -- without fretting over the consequences.
In the Iliad on page 81, lines 205-208 it states, “Think a bit, though: this may be a thing the gods in anger hold against you on that day when Paris and Apollo destroy you at the gates, great as you are.” In those lines it tells that Achilles knew that going to fight, he would most likely die. Being an epic hero means sacrifices. Achilles made a huge scarifies by going into a battle knowing he may not come out alive but still going. While Beowulf and Achilles were alike, they also had differences.
It’s ancient times before the reign Napoleon or Romans. Before the Persian War and even before Athens built her Parthenon or Sparta held Thermopylae. It’s the era of the Greek city-states where numerous legends and tales born. One of which being the timeless Iliad told by Homer. The Iliad displays a tale of heroes that fight for the Greek or Trojan cause.
In Book Nine of The Iliad, the focus is of the story is on the character of Achilles, the desperation the Achaeans suffer in their need for this great warrior as well as his refusal to return into the fighting to assist his comrades, due to his rage with Agamemnon. In particular, one of the most important scenes of Book Nine is from approximately line 443 through line 473, in which Achilles bluntly refuses the gifts offered to him by Agamemnon in recompense for stealing away Achilles’ war-prize Briseis. This passage demonstrates the depth of the rage of Achilles as well as his sense of pride, as he chooses to remain absent from the fighting, even in the Achaeans’ moment of sheer desperation, due to his deep hatred for Agamemnon. As
Is Achilles selfish or self-preserving? He can be both from different points of views. In one way he is shown not wanting to go to war because he is upset about Agamemnon taking a woman from Achilles and since that happened he is being a jerk and not want to fight for him. On another side, he is shown doing that right thing a giving Agamemnon what he deserves, losing the war and/or dying in the process. Though one person might things that he has one side more than the other, another person says the opposite.