Sinclair emphasizes that capitalism is detrimental to the working class, and he proposes that socialism is the solution to economic inequality and the lack of power among the working class. For example, he described “the tricks of the packers, their masters, the tyrants who ruled them… the irregular hours and the cruel speeding-up, the lowering of wages, the raising of prices! The whole machinery of society was at their oppressors’ command” (177). Sinclair depicted the factory owners in the novel as disgraceful rulers to reflect how capitalism allowed ruling class leaders to oppress workers. He also portrays the corrupt effects of capitalism on workers’ well-being, illustrating that “each day the struggle becomes fiercer, the pace more cruel; each day you have to toil a little harder and feel the iron hand of circumstance close upon you a little tighter” (298).
George Orwell’s depiction of Boxer in his novel, Animal Farm, fits precisely into Marx and Engels’ negative critique of capitalism by representing a strong symbol for the proletariat class and succumbing to the powerful demands of the capitalists. Marx and Engels look at capitalism with seriously negative opinions. They regard the system as extremely unsuitable, and are deeply concerned with getting rid of it. In a capitalist society, capitalists own and control the main resources of production - machinery, factories, mines, capital, etc. The modern working classes, or proletariats, own only their labor.
This leads on to the global issue of social hierarchy. It establishes inequalities within economy, education and health that the poorest try to outdo, becoming unconsciously even more depended on the capitalist system, because they
The Dr. Seuss book, The 500 Hats of Bartholomew Cubbins, initially had themes of social class distinction and dominating social elites. As the novel read on, authority seemed to create social order by controlling the lower classes with foolish rules. The social elites such as King Derwin, were protected by the royal guards. Dr. Seuss poked fun at authority figures and their foolish rules in this children’s book. The children’s book displayed Marxist themes of the feudal system, capitalism, and alienation.
On one hand, Joyce executes his political beliefs as an anti-English imperialist of the alienated labor force, as we see the boy ultimately buys nothing from the bazaar. This is extrapolated from the material reckoning between the buyer and seller as well as the result of failed capitalism – which Marx viewed as a catastrophe from its incapability to stabilize social and economic qualities by the lower classes. Moreover, the protagonist alienates himself from the normative, religiously induced way of thinking from euphoria for the fantasy created by the bazaar to defeat- reflective of defeated Ireland at the time. On the other hand, Joyce incorporates the boy’s desire to escape from the hegemony of Irish Catholicism. The characters like the protagonist, Mangan’s sister, are tropes of the societal tension between Irish and England, but in this context is suggestive of the incompatibility of capitalism in Joyce’s time.
Marx believed that the base of a society lied in the economics and that the owners, who were making profit, were over the workers/laborers. This was wrong because the profit owners would create a “superstructure” that was made up by the state military, police, education, religion and ideology. Marx interpreted the “superstructure” as being, “…not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness” (Ball eat
The intense conflicts which are characteristics of its artistic structure are create in the terms of social conflicts. The roots and causes of these conflicts are in the pressures of the society with which the novel was published. Wuthering Heights was published two times in 1837 and 1848, times of great change due to the Industrial Revolution. Thus, it reflects in some way the class struggle. Heathcliff did create a classless society, he made everyone his servants.
The Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass shows the imbalance of power between slaves and their masters. In his book, Douglass proves that slavery is a destructive force not only to the slaves, but also for the slaveholders. “Poison of the irresponsible power” that masters have upon their slaves that are dehumanizing and shameless, have changed the masters themselves and their morality(Douglass 39). This amount of power and control in contact with one man breaks the kindest heart and the purest thoughts turning the person evil and corrupt. Douglass uses flashbacks that illustrate the emotions that declare the negative effects of slavery.
It is clearly obvious that Winthrop is criticizing the evil of pure capitalism of unadulterated power, the same injustice that he adjudicated as a lawyer in England. His previous life as a landowner who made a fortune on the backs of those who worked his land, along with being a member of the house of parliament , and a lawyer would have given him insight into the greed and corruption of man. This look at the black souls of man would have admittedly led him to prevent such action as all socialist by redistributing income. Unlike socialist Winthrop has the power of God on his side and the commandment to give freely to the
For the lower class in Life in the Iron Mills life sucks, but that’s life right? John F. Kennedy bluntly explains how life is like in three short sentences, “There is always inequality in life. Some men are killed in a war and some men are wounded and some men never leave the country. Life is unfair.” While there is no war in this book, it is true for some of the characters that life is truly unfair, in fact in severely unfair. The difference in social classes shows how the Marxist analysis approach can be applied to Life in the Iron Mills.