English is important to be learned in this globalization era. Learning English involves four main skills. The four skills are listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Those skills have to be mastered by the students when they are learning English. “To teach those four skills, teachers have to use some methods that can give the chance to the students to be involved in teaching and learning process” ( Richard and Rodgers, 1998) it means that the school, the teacher and the students as well decide the success of achieving the educational aims on the school level.
It can be argued that understanding the real meaning of language is impossible without understanding social and cultural practices in the world. In order to teach language and literacy in the classroom effectively, it is essential for educators to approach language in terms of its socio-cultural context. Teachers who view language as a complex system, where various social and cultural aspects of life are directly related to language learning, can successfully implement effective practices of teaching language and literacy in the classroom. Influences and connections between language and
This chapter describes the rationale, purpose of the study, research questions, scope and delimitations, and definition of terms of the study. 1.1 Rationale Reading is one of the most important parts in learning English. It helps students gain new experience and knowledge and engage to other societies if they are able to understand texts they are reading. However, there is a difficulty in learning language that is grammar. It is the most difficult part to comprehend texts and meaning especially a complex sentence.
Learning to communicate fluently in a foreign language is a monumental, personal task that requires much effort from the learner. In order to develop effective teaching strategies, it is necessary for teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) to consider their students’ individual needs and motivations. Lesson plans should incorporate relevant context and should target the student’s needs, motivations and preferred learning styles. Through use of a case study, this essay will demonstrate how to design a lesson plan for a learner’s unique situation. Student Background: The subject of this case study is Luis Fernando Montes-Amezcua (a.k.a.
Grammar, as a set of rules for choosing words and putting words together to make sense, plays a significant role in teaching English as a language because without grammar, there is no language. Also, it is difficult for the learners to speak English language well without learning its grammar. So, in the school set-up of teaching and learning process, it is inevitable for teachers who teach English language to teach grammar, simultaneously. According to an article published by Moran Publisher (2015), the basic features of English as a language determine the need for grammar. In addition, the standard of mastering English language embodies the importance of grammar teaching.
Communication requires integration of all language skills: speaking, listening, reading and writing, of which listening is of primary importance as it is one of the fundamental skills in language acquisition. It 's no wonder that in recent years the language teaching profession has placed a concentrated emphasis on listening, as it is considered to be a major component in language learning and teaching. Naturally, there are obstacles that make listening, which is a general purpose in most learning situations, difficult, as it is more than merely hearing words. As G.Buck states, "listening is a complex process in which the listener takes the incoming data, an acoustic signal, and interprets it based on a wide variety of linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge", i.e. listening is the ability to identify and understand what others are saying /Buck, 2001: 10/.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
It raises many scholars and educators’ awareness of the importance of communicative interactions in second language learning. For the learners’ achievement in communicative competence, teachers should teach language in the specific context, and communicative situations (Hymes, 1972). Thereby, students can be capable of using target language in suitable contexts in daily life. According to Poole (2005), the communicative language teaching focuses on form instruction that supplies the students with authentic communication as well as grammatical rules. Furthermore, the focus on form instruction encourages students in paying necessary attention in communicative language classroom (Long & Robinson, 1998).
Teacher must learn the students’ interest, motivation, and learning style by the behavior of students when learning language. Teachers attempt to avoid the bored and make match style in teaching to collaborate aim of students and teacher in learning language. Teachers’ motivation in learning language is important to motivate students when use a style in learning language and inform to them about the advantage and disadvantage of the learning style. Halmos (1994) stated “Facts, Methods and insights all are essential to all of us all enter all our subjectit means that all of them are part of teaching. All of fact, method, and insight are process in teaching.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.