Even though Nixon started the war on drugs and focused on law enforcement, his administration still allocated some money to treatment and prevention, whereas the Reagan administration focused only on law, order, and punishment. In Ronald Reagan’s radio address to the nation on October 2nd of 1982 he declares, that the battle flag is up, and the United States is going to win the “War on Drugs”. Drug enforcement had seen major increases to their budget, while money for treatment was almost non-existent. Since then, the war on drugs has only caused more racial tension between majority groups and minorities. One major cause of added tension is the practice of racial profiling by law enforcement which increased significantly in the 80’s, when “the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) developed profiling of drug couriers to intercept and reduce interstate drug trafficking” (Sirin 4).
Reagan started his own war on drugs during his presidency. During the years of his presidency, cocaine especially crack cocaine became an epidemic. Crack cocaine differs from regular cocaine because it is cheaper and because it is mostly purchased in crystallized form. Crack cocaine was found in more urban communities, while powdered cocaine was found iron suburban areas. Matthew D. Lassiter explains this throughout his book Impossible Criminals:
“ We have not yet won the battle against drug trafficking.” The global drug trade propagated an estimated US$321.6 billion in 2003. As the world GDP was US$36 trillion in the same year, the illegimate drug trade can be estimated as nearly 1% of the entire global trade. Consumption of illegal drugs is prevalent globaly. According to a report published by United Nations Research Institute for Social Development in 1994, most of these illicit drugs are being produced in the third world countries and then are being traded to the more affluent and developed nations. Therefore, drug trafficking provides a way to earn easy money for the section of population belonging to the lowest stratum of the socio economic strata.
Many were able to uphold the law but enough caved to the corruption to make public trust in law enforcement at a low. Millions of americans became criminals, clogging the court rooms and jails filling them to capacity. Some trials were held over for more than a year causing the judicial system to develop the “plea bargain”. This cleared hundreds of cases and became a common practice, even used to this
In the 1970s, cocaine resurfaced in South America from its long history as a traditional medicine, and began to generate a large income for those who processed and sold the good. Cocaine was rendered harmless by the public, thought of as a “high class drug”, and by the 1980s, nearly six million Americans were hooked on the soft white powder; it was then found to be an extremely addictive and unsafe narcotic. Because drug use and trade into America started to become a pressing issue, the United States hoped that by stopping cocaine production in Colombia, the drug abuse problem in the US would proportionally decline. Attempting to carry out this plan of action, US military teams relentlessly raided the estates and “drug processing facilities”
Despite forty years of US-led international drug control efforts that prioritize eradication of production, interdiction of traffic, and criminalization of consumption, overall drug production, trafficking and consumption have remained consistently steady.” (Policy , D) “ “In 1971, President Nixon announced the U.S. “war on drugs,” which every President since has carried forward as a battle standard. Until recently, most Latin American governments have coöperated, and in return have received intelligence, equipment, and, perhaps most importantly, financial assistance. The overall investment has been huge—the federal government now spends about fifteen billion dollars on it each year—with the net result that drug use has proliferated in the U.S. and worldwide. In the drug-producing countries, where drug consumption was negligible at the start of the American effort, the criminal narco culture has attained ghoulishly surreal proportions” (Anderson, J. L.) “Transnational organized crime likes opportunities and little resistance. Bolivia currently provides both and finds itself at the heart of a new criminal dynamic that threatens national and citizen security in this landlocked Andean nation.” ( McDermott, J.)
This showed they could do whatever they wanted. Again with the help of the D.E.A they were able to bring them down.Now that we went back in time let 's look how drug tracking affects life today. These two examples illustrate the international nature of the drug trade, and how countries have been able to cooperate with each other to defeat them, drug trafficking remains a problem today. Afghanistan is currently the primary producer of the drug. After regularly producing 70 percent of the world 's opium which this is a problem because it can affect many people life throughout the world as its get distributie due to drug trafficking.
Even as costs for law enforcement, jails and prisons spiraled upward. In addition, fundamentalist and nativist forces had gained more control over the temperance movement, alienating its more moderate members. The increase of the illegal production and sale of liquor, the proliferation of speakeasies and the accompanying rise in gang violence and other crimes, led to waning support for Prohibition by the end of the 1920s. With the country mired in the Great Depression by 1932, creating jobs and revenue by legalizing the liquor industry had an undeniable appeal. Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt ran for president that year on a platform calling for Prohibition’s appeal, and easily won victory.
Many drug wars have happened as well, such as the Colombian, Mexican, Miami, Philippine and Puerto Rican drug wars. There have been film documentaries on this topic. As for the United States, most of its drugs come from Mexican drug cartels, in which 195 cities have been effected by this. An estimation of around $10 billion of the Mexican drug cartel’s profit have come from the United States, further pushing America’s economic dependence on drugs. Despite many campaigns to reduce drug trafficking, the United States is currently the worlds largest importer of narcotics.
However cocaine was able to become a major epidemic for it was used by all sorts of people, it was not only used by the businessman who needed to keep alert, it was also used recreationally by kids and adults at parties to get a quick high. The epidemic formally started in 1984 when the number of people using the drug on a routine basis increased from 4.2 to 5.8 million. The numbers had been rising but this was the largest rise in numbers yet in the epidemic. Cocaine was able to create such a massive epidemic for the United states government had other things on their plate and they couldn’t worry about a growing epidemic. The government was much more focused on Russia and dealing with the communists.
Pharmaceutical drug overdoses were recorded as one of the leading causes of death in the United States, killing more Americans than firearms or motor vehicle accidents (Prescription Drug Abuse Statistics, 2013). Many patients are being prescribed these medications after surgery or after suffering an injury that may not require surgery and through overuse, causing these patients to become addicted. Although many feel that doctors are still overprescribing narcotics, this epidemic of prescription drug abuse has been brought to the forefront of national consciousness causing many prevention strategies of abuse to be put in place, strategies that were not presented in the past. The hope for these strategies is to curb the amount of unnecessary prescriptions being prescribed. Some of these strategies include educating and training physicians and doctors in the diagnosis and treatment of addictive diseases, specifically the abuse and misuse of controlled prescription drugs, as well as the implementation of the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP), which