Many questions come to mind when thinking about the American Revolution. For example; “what country did the American colonies rebel against” or “what year did the American Revolution begin”, but has one ever questioned what the women were doing during this time? Many people, including myself, either do not associate women with this time period or assume that during these years women were only housewives/caretakers, leaving governmental and military duties to the males in the society. Cokie Roberts, author of Founding Mothers, reverses these basic assumptions about women and illustrates to readers that women were very influential to the American Revolution. Through dramatic and heartfelt stories, Roberts’ Founding Mothers suggests that in order
For example, the author gives the example, “Other women entered new occupations created by the Industrial Revolution, which replaced the work of individual craftspeople with machine manufacturing.” This quote comes to show that because of the war women were given new opportunities to explore. Another example to show how the war changed the lives of women is, “ The civil war, and the absence from home of so many men, brought profound challenges and opportunities to all women.” Which shows that women 's lives changed by the civil war because the men were gone and the women got to fill in their jobs, which was a huge improvement from what they were doing before. Finally, the author shows how the women’s lives changed for the better, after the civil war, because of the absence of men and the independence that the civil war gave them.
Women were considered the property of their husbands. “What happened to a woman’s wages or property holdings in marriage: They were turned over to the husband. In marriage, early nineteenth-century American women forfeited their legal and economic existence” (Reynolds Walt Whitman: Lives and Legacies 111). In the late 1840s she got highly involved with abolitionist movement and
This organization was formed by Lucy Stone, Henry B. Blackwell, Julia Ward Howe, T.W. Higginson, and many others. Lucy Stone was a one time Massachusetts anti slavery advocate and a prominent lobbyist for women rights. This organization fought for the franchise on a state by state basis. The organization encouraged male officers, supported the Republican party, and counted the abolitionists among its ranks. The organization drafted a constitution that focused on achieving the vote for women.
Prior to the movements, she worked at New York Magazine where she attended an abortion speak out, since she had an abortion herself when she was 22. She said “she felt that she didn't become a feminist until that day. ”3 She campaigned eagerly for the Equal Rights Campaign, determined to eradicate gender discrimination laws. This is significant since, her leadership during the movements inspired many young women to follow after he in the feminist
In spite of this, her aunt took control of the household and tried to force Fauziya to follow their traditions. Kassindja’s aunt arranged a wedding for her niece to become the fourth wife of an electrician; her future husband wanted her to have the genital operation before they got married, however, Fauziya disagreed and decided to leave the country before the marriage and mutilation happened. When she got to the United States, she asked for political asylum. At first she was denied but she never gave up and successfully appealed the denial. The appellate concluded that if she ever went back to her country, she might face threats to her freedom or even physical violence for refusing their harmful traditions.
Within his writing, he discusses the different books, letters, speeches from many influential women’s rights activists. The Seneca Falls convention was a turning point. Women such as Sarah Grimké and Margaret Fuller documented the segregation women were faced with by writing novels. Within their works, Fuller and Grimké both fight for equality between men and women. The women’s rights activists began holding national convention meetings, while also having meetings at state and local levels.
Imagine, during the World Anti-Slavery convention in 1840, two women were stirring up heated controversy because they were not allowed to be delegates, and could not go on the stand to speak simply because they were women. Well, these two women , Lucretia Mott, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton started conversation on women 's rights throughout this convention to each other. It took roughly eight years for their ideas and plans to fall into action. On July 19, 1848, 300 women gathered at the Wesleyan Chapel in Seneca Falls, New York. The convention was a total of two days, the first was intended solemly for women, and the second was for the public, including men.
They held many meetings and conventions to discuss about how they were going to fight for their rights. " In July 1848, the Women’s Rights Convention was held in Seneca Falls, N.Y. It was the opening salvo of the battle for women’s suffrage, although many years would pass before its proponents would finally achieve victory" ("Women 's Rights Convention"). This was one of the first steps in the road to freedom for women. They also had many supporters to make the United States of America pass the law for women to vote and have the rights men have.
Eventually she pursued a secondary education at Cornell University and married a supportive husband Marty Ginsburg. Through his encouragement and her determination, Mrs. Ginsburg went to Harvard Law School as a Mother, which was frowned upon at the time. Many of these prejudices against women and the struggle she faced lead to her involvement in women’s rights and equality. She became a lawyer and eventually rose up to become a supreme court justice, in the highest court in the land. Honest and hardworking americans, like President Bill Clinton, the first female supreme court justice Sandra Day O'Connor, Harvard professor and dean Albert Sacks, Marty Ginsburg and more have helped Mrs. Ginsburg to where she is today.
Lucy Stone’s prominent role as a suffragist began with her giving lectures nationally and putting together the first National Woman’s Rights Convention in 1850 among other conventions (Knight 16). Before the Civil War, Stone was involved with Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton working together on woman’s rights issues then shifted their focus to war efforts since they were abolitionists as well. In 1869, after the Civil War, the Woman’s Rights Movement split into two organizations: the American Woman Suffrage Association and the National Woman Suffrage Association. Lucy Stone and her husband Henry Blackwell led the American Woman Suffrage Association. Stone and Blackwell founded and co-edited of the Woman’s Journal in 1872 focusing each issue on woman’s rights.
Susan Brownell Anthony was a American social reformer and a woman 's rights activist. Anthony grew up on a politically active family when they worked on the abolitionist movement to end slavery. With Elizabeth Cady Stanton they created the National woman Suffrage Association in 1869. When Anthony died women still wasn’t able to vote 14 years after her death in1920 the 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote. The U.S. Treasury Department put Anthony 's picture one dollar coins in 1979 that made her the first women to be honored.
Daughters of an affluent slave owner in Charleston South Carolina, they began by speaking to female audiences. Soon after, they were giving speeches to men and women. These speeches created controversy everywhere the Grimke sisters went. In 1837 in Massachusetts, an association of the state’s most popular Congregational church issued a statement condemning any women “who so far forget themselves as to itinerate in the character of public lecturers and teachers.” Attacks made against them spurred the Grimke’s to make the equality of women a more important part of their message.
The women 's suffrage movement arose in the eighteen hundreds, and was suffered for until it was nationally approved in Nineteen twenty. During the movement, people such as Susan B. Anthony were highly involved in acts such as petitioning. The movement also consisted people such as Alice Paul, who picketed outside the White House. According to the National Archives and Records, it started when Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott lead the first woman’s rights convention at Seneca Falls, NY in eighteen forty eight.
With words, Frances Harper fought for human liberty and justice. Her skills as a writer, political advocate, and abolitionist speaker, influenced the equality movement that affected all Americans during her time. In 1852, Harper moved to Philadelphia in the midst of political turmoil that eventually led to the Civil War. Philadelphia, the former capital and founding place of the United States, proved to be a fertile place for cultural and political activities. Remaining there until her death in 1911, Harper was able to experience and comment on the constantly changing status of African Americans throughout the nineteenth century.