Introduction The Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary defines power as “the ability or opportunity to do something or to act.” (904) Power in general has both empirical and theoretical perspectives. Power is an ability that lies within one's self which one may or may not always be conscious of its existence. An individual, a small group or a community which has its own cultural identity have power in themselves in varying proportions. An individual possesses physical, intellectual, and moral power which are responsible for his/her actions and he/she exerts power over others to control or influence them. The power–physical, intellectual, and moral–that lies in an individual influences not only his actions but also has an effect on the family
In a society where women have little status, she is seen as fiendishly cruel, when actually she is just trying to get to the top of the social ladder with little help from others. Surrounded by people who disrespect and disobey her, she must do whatever it takes to make her fantasy of becoming a head
Those understanding mean that the empowerment is an effort to build the power by encouraging, motivating and raising the awareness of individuals. The empowerment process is not merely an effort to empower people. The empowerment should be followed by strengthening potential or power possessed by the person or the community. Creating a good environment for people to develop their abilities is not only the recipe to solve the problem about community empowerment (Sumodiningrat 1999).
and created by these factors. The earnings gained by the gender impose different roles unrelated with their biological features. An idea created by the patriarchal system makes inequalities among men and women and places women in a sub position in the society. In our modern society, norms and roles have been started to change but not enough changed to alter the place of a women in the society. In many parts of the world, there are still violence to women, unequal education conditions for women and many discrimination in the work places, law and etc.
Power The purpose is to get others to do what you want, empowering aim is to get others to do my they want. Power leads to competition while empowering lead to cooperation. For empowerment, there are five dimensions in empowerment; Self-efficacy, self-determination, personal consequences, meaningfulness
This resulted into the division of its advocates and the emergence of different feminist paradigms, which now induces stereotypical beliefs (Rocha). For some, feminism is needed because discrimination between the sexes is still present, but as aforementioned, modern feminism focuses more on the importance of women’s perspectives. Even though women are now esteemed and respected, their strength is still viewed poorly and G.D. Anderson has the perfect quote to address this issue. It says, “Feminism isn’t about making women stronger. Women are already strong.
Despite its unchangeable biological character, gender has a socio-cultural ring rooted deep in human psyche. Interestingly, female as a subject has always been ignored in writing autobiographies/ biographies, and if at all considered, they would comprise the elites of the society. For instance, Catherine Drinker Bowen, a famous biographer on being asked why she never wrote about any female, would either ignore the question or just say, “I wished to write of daring, extraordinary accomplishment, legal brilliance, and professional fidelity, and what female subject would enable her to do that” (qtd. in Heilbrun 22). This statement by Bowen clearly hints at the position, capability and potential of women in the society.
A history book is written by one person so it might hold one opinion. Moreover, history might had been written for a past incident that cannot be utilized for a current one. Still, a person who wants to know and explore things correctly must be a critical thinker. And as an IB critical thinker, it means a lot to read different points of views, analyze and interpret them with an open-mind, and then using my critical thinking to implement good ideas in daily life appropriately. Therefore, I truly believe that history is important and does create our identity thus the meaning and purpose of our
The first core belief is the concept of the autonomous, responsible and rational adult. Mezirow believed that the goal of transformational learning is “to gain the crucial sense of agency over ourselves and our lives" that is often associated with individuals reflecting on a dysfunctional operational system or company policy, and taking action to change it. A second core belief relates to knowledge creation that is constructivist. Human beings are active participants in the process of making meaning and are the creators of knowledge and hence engage in critical reflection. The pre-conditions that satiate the concept are full information, the ability to objectively evaluate arguments and freedom from self-deception or coercion.