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The Role Of Family In Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

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The Metamorphosis Timed Writing In Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis, Gregor is evidently portrayed as a savior of his family, which in turn symbolizes him as a Christ figure. The notion of Gregor being a Christ figure in the novel can be substantiated by events such as: Gregor sacrificing his life, both figuratively and literally, for the betterment of his family’s life, Grete’s change in outlook towards her beloved brother, and Mr. Samsa throwing apples at Gregor. The primary theme of family and the duties of family members towards each other drive the interactions between Gregor and his beloved family. Even though Gregor despises his job, he diligently continues to work the mundane job so that he can provide for his family – supporting his feeble parents and attempting to send his beloved sister to the conservatory. On the contrary, his family cares for Gregor after his radical change only so far as duty seems to…show more content…
Mr. Sama 's aggressive and cruel action of throwing apples at Gregor symbolizes the family 's rejection of Gregor 's inadvertent metamorphosis. Gregor is enslaved by his family because he is the only one who financially supports his family, and the family seems to treat him not as a member but as a source of income. Hence, when Gregor is no longer able to work after his metamorphosis, he is treated with revulsion and neglected. Thus, such a treatment of the family towards Gregor illustrates the underlying theme of the novel: humans are selfish, by developing the selfish nature of the family members. Kafka 's ingenious ability to employ Gregor as a symbol not only illustrates Gregor as a Christ figure in the novel, but the symbol also helps establish the underlying theme of the novel - humans are selfish at heart, as they view people valuable only as long as they have an advantageous talent. For instance, initially, the family viewed Gregor as a valuable member of the family, but after his metamorphosis they became more hostile and repugnant
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