In Homeric description, the Fate acted independently from the gods and Zeus was the sole god who could control it. Zeus used to weigh human fates in his measuring scale, and when someone’s lot weighed down, he died according to the Fate. Moreover, Zeus had the authority to save the would-be victims from their imminent fate. Therefore, in Homeric description, Zeus appears as the guider and the apportioner of destiny. Still from another angle, this impersonal force could be interpreted simply as the will of the gods.
In reality, Desdemona in this conversation was simply trying to convince Othello to give Cassio back his position, but Othello viewed it as her purposely trying to change the topic about the handkerchief to her “lover” Cassio. This enrages Othello and confirms his suspicions, which leads him to seek vengeance. Unlike how fate is controlled by Iago in Othello, fate in Oedipus Rex is determined by the gods. “What has God done to me” signifies that Oedipus’s end was determined by gods, and his free will actions to avoid it were pointless because his fate was always unavoidable (Oed. Exo.1263).
Apollonian and Dionysian spirits complement each other. “As artistic powers which spring from nature itself, without the mediation of the human artist,” however, humans intentionally favor Apollonian over Dionysian spirit through morality, science and arts. (18) A perfect example is that people naturally believe that pessimism and irrationality are wrong and chaotic, even the belief of pessimism itself is pathetic. Nietzsche denounces that scientism and rationality because they end pessimism and cover the essential existence of humans with the veil of optimism. Nietzsche believes that the fear to the surroundings leads to the birth of Olympian gods and tragedy in sensitive Greek culture.
She then takes credit for his returning and says that she “planned” and “willed” his journey to be how it was (13.346,46). This directly contradicts the statement Zeus makes at the beginning of the epic. The king of the gods claims that the mortals “blame the gods” way too much for their miseries, which he blames on “their own reckless ways” (1.39,38,37). Athena, meanwhile, is saying that she “willed” everything for him (13.346). This contradicts Zeus saying the mortals are to blame, because she says that the gods are decide everything, so they are to blame.
Gods are extremely important to know about as well- it's the most important part of the religion without the gods the religion is pointless. Although everything about any religion is important to the people who practice it these are important topics that should be covered. Romans religion is very different from other religions, romans take greek gods and change the names. But the romans
Regardless of how we choose to live our lives it can be said that Sophocles was just merely getting the people in Athens to think about their actions while they were on this earth, and realise, that regardless of whether you believe in the archaic gods, or a god, or the king of the city as the supreme chief, and whether you will go to heaven or hell or be reunited with your loved ones after you die, your actions will always have consequences. Context is important when it comes to looking at Antigone but it doesn’t mean that Antigone the play and the morals that Sophocles wanted to be see can only be used in ancient times, if anything it has survived
Socrates’ accuser, Meletus, claims that his teachings intentionally inflict harm on society and are detrimental to the minds of those he teaches. Socrates retorts this statement with the fact that if he were a harm to society, he would be a harm to himself as a part of society. Therefore, the only harm that comes from his teachings is putting an end to them. In passage 31a, he claims, “If you obey Anytus, you might easily kill me. Then you might spend the rest of your lives asleep, unless the god, in his compassion for you, were to send you someone else,” (Plato, 46).
Therefore, since Athens has a part to play in corrupting Socrates’s life as well as his mistaken visual of the truth, Socrates must understand that by obeying the state, he has done injustice to his soul for it will not be in true harmony. Furthermore he will be doing an injustice to the state because Plato would have established that, objectively, Athens laws are unjust and even if Socrates thinks that they are just, it is only because Socrates has been corrupted by
They believe that no matter what they do, they don’t have the power or ability to change the things or events that are going to happen since it was all fated. However, with agency in human, they believe that something will be bound to changes with their action. They believe they could do something to modify the ending to anything but the known-predicted ending. Sophocles has seamlessly engaged determinism into the book through making known that Apollo’s predictions will happen to Oedipus. To King Laius and Queen Jocasta, Apollo was the mighty one; his prediction is and will be the only truth to them.
Oedipus’s life is bombarded with challenging decisions that lead to the exposure of his few flaws that every human possesses. Sophocles uses the trilogy of plays to examine the relationship between the Gods and man, the idea of fate, and uses Oedipus as an example of harmful traits as a precaution to readers. In ancient greek culture it was believed that fate was an inevitable path that their life was going along. Many didn’t question or challenge this, letting fate play their lives out like a