The Bosnian genocide was one of the worst acts of genocide since the Nazi regime. In 1991 Yugoslavia’s republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina (Bosnia) had a population of four million people from three major ethnic groups; Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim 44%), Serb (31%), Croat (17%) and Yugoslav (8%). On April 5, 1992, Bosnia declared their independence from Yugoslavia. The creation of an independent Bosnian nation that would have a majority population of Bosniak was opposed by Bosnian Serbs. Bosnia was the most ethnically diverse of Yugoslavia’s republics, with 43 percent Muslims, 35 percent Orthodox Serbs, and 18 percent Catholic Croatians, who suffered the worst fate.
In 1915, leaders of the Turkish government set in motion a plan to expel and massacre the Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire. Though reports vary, most sources agree that there were about 2 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire at the time of the massacre. By the early 1920s, when the massacres and deportations finally ended, some 1.5 million of Turkey’s Armenians were dead, with many more forcibly removed from the country. Today, most historians call this event a genocide–a premeditated and systematic campaign to exterminate an entire people. However, the Turkish government does not acknowledge the enormity or scope of these events.
There were an estimated 200,000 people who were killed between 1992-1995 in a genocide commited by the Serbs against the Muslims, and Croats in Bosnia. On top of this, another 2 million Bosnians were displaced from their homes and placed in dangerous environments. Three main groups fought each other within the country, Bosnian Muslims, Serbs, and also the Croats. This was a horrible and important genocide that killed thousands of people between 1992-1995. Like the Nazi’s cleansing Europe of it’s Jews, the Serbs aim was the ethnic cleansing of any Muslims or Croatian presence in Serbian territory.
The world witnessed a catastrophic event between 1975 and 1979, which many would call the Cambodian Genocide. During the four years of the genocide, the Khmer Rouge regime will be responsible for an estimated two million deaths. Events such as the Vietnam War and authoritarian rule in Cambodia gave rise to Pol Pot. The main culprit, Pol Pot will be responsible for carrying out the Cambodian Genocide. While conducting the Cambodian Genocide, the Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, violated many human rights in accordance with the International Bill of Human Rights.
It was caused by the ongoing conflict between two ethnic groups of Rwanda, The Hutus and The Tutsis (E). It is well documented that between five-hundred thousand and one million Rwandan Tutsis along with thousands of Hutus, were murdered during this period. It was mainly the
U.S. forces had 54 killed and 425 wounded in the initial attack in November. By 23 December, when the operation was officially concluded, the casualty number had risen to 95 killed and 560 wounded. British forces had 4 killed and 10 wounded in two separate attacks in the outskirts of Fallujah while Iraqi forces suffered 8 killed and 43 wounded. Estimates of insurgent casualties are complicated by a lack of official figures. Most estimates places the number of insurgents killed at around 1,200 to 1,500, with some estimations as high as over 2,000 killed.
Millions and millions of innocent people were massacred for, what appears to be, nothing. The Rwandan genocide is one the most memorable and savage. One million faultless Rwandans slaughtered, like animals, in one hundred days. The Hutu-government of Rwanda was lead by the ruthless , Jean-Paul Akayesu.
A horrific catastrophe that materialized into 100 days. Hutus took over Rwanda, Africa April 6, 1994 – July 1994. Roughly predicted 800,000 to 1 million Tutsi and some moderate Hutus were slaughtered in the Rwandan Genocide. Rwanda president juvenal Habyarimana retrieved from a round of Talksin neighboring Tanzania, he was later killed when his plane was shot down outside of the country’s capital, Kigali. The Rwandan genocide spread throughout the country with an astonishing speed of brutality.
About 6 million Jews, 10 million Soviets, 1.8 million non- Jewish Polish citizens, and about 3 million more deaths of other groups died during the Holocaust, as stated by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Over 20 million deaths, all for one war. What factors contributed to this reign of terror and what was or wasn’t done to stop this from happening? How could the United States limit the amount of lives lost? It’s simple.
The term genocide was created by Raphael Lemkin as a means of describing the oppression inflected on the Jews during the Holocaust. He used the ancient Greek word genos (race, tribe) and the Latin word cide (killing), together they formed the word genocide. The Bosnian genocide, also known as a gendercide, was the second worst act of heinous crimes after what the Nazis had done to the Jews, which is known as the Holocaust. The Bosnian genocide was a horrific event in history that caused the death of about 100,000 people based on their gender, religion, and ethnicity. The Republic of Yugoslavia was established in 1945 at the end of World War II.
An important part of a genocide, on the side of the perpetrator, acts as the structural changes of the society. The perpetrators in genocides use polarization, preparation, and persecution to separate the victims from the rest of society. In the Armenian Genocide, every step taken before the genocide helped the Turks seem justified when the killing of the Armenians began. Therefore, polarization, preparation, and persecution stand very importantly in the formation of the Armenian Genocide.