The concept of hospitality is clearly evident in society to this day. From the royal treatment of kings and queens to the warm welcomes shown by families, the Greek culture was no exception to this idea. As demonstrated in The Odyssey, a sense of respect was presented not only towards the Greek gods but also to the mortals themselves. Characters such as Odysseus rely on the hospitality of others for food, shelter, guidance and protection. Without it, many characters wouldn't have survived as they were often stranded in distant lands.
Throughout The Odyssey, the protagonist Odysseus is acquainted with the leaders and creatures of multiple islands on his journey back to Ithaka. Hospitality is an important aspect of Ancient Greek life, and the different people Odysseus encounters treat him with differing levels of respect. The various portrayals of the guest to host relationship can be seen through different actions taken by both parties. In The Odyssey, the recurring motif of hospitality that occurs in Odysseus ' journey and at his home in Ithaka provides evidence to the moral ethics of each character and their relationship with the gods.
Theopompus relates that the Arcadians received both masters and slaves at their feasts at which all ate the same food. This indicates a communal lifestyle typical of the golden age. This communal feasting of master and slave is similar to the Ethiopians and the Hyperboreans feasting on an equal level with gods. Pausanias relates that the Arcadians are descended from Pelasgus who was responsible for providing them sheep-skins as clothes, huts as shelter from the cold, and a diet of acorns as food; developments which have not been improved upon. Here the founding-father myth of a noble savage people is present like Olen of the Hyperboreans as well as their shared diet of acorns.
Abigail uses an Allusion about Cicero, and she knows her audience and she knows that her son will understand the meaning behind this allusion. The allusion was about Cicero, Catiline, Verres, and Mark Antony and the troubles that they faced. She uses this Allusion as an example of overcoming hardship, she then explains that even though that these great men had hardships they overcame them, and became who they are because of those hardships. She is trying to show how this voyage may look like a bad situation, but really it will help him in the future. She then also goes on to say “..wisdom and penetration are the fruit of experience…”(lines 35 and 36).
Ralph emphasizes the need for the smoke as he sees this as one of the only ways that they will ever be rescued. Ralph is still full of hope for life and escaping. This fire will keep them safe and this fire will rescue him and all of the others. As chief, he wants others to have the same hope about being saved that he does which is why he is pushing the fire symbol. Even with all the hope and safety Ralph instills on the fire, it turns out to be one of many tragedies in Lord of the Flies.
In the Odyssey “the Sirens” by Homer, Odysseus demonstrates his leadership skills and by devising a plan to hear the Sirens song without being tricked to stay on the island because he wants to keep himself and his men safe. Odysseus says to his men, “Dear friends, more than one man or two, should know those things Circe foresaw for us and shared with me, so let me tell her forecast”(975). Instead of withholding the information from his men, Odysseus tells them their fate. This shows Odysseus, as a leader, decided to tell his men what was going on at this time because he felt he trusted his men to follow the plan and help him. At other times in the story, Odysseus withholds information from his men as another tactic to essentially help them
In Homer's intriguing epic, a recurring idea throughout the story is hospitality and how people in that era in ancient Greece showed hospitality to all of their guests no matter who it was. Odysseus the protagonist of the Greek classic was the king of Ithaca and had set out for war to return many years later. In the Odyssey, Odysseus was on the receiving end of hospitality throughout the epic
Trust, experiences, and helping each other, are all ways that people can generate hope and gain knowledge from the past. The novel “Hiroshima” shows us that when people come together, then they are stronger, and we can learn from survivors like Miss Sasaki. We can learn from our past to grow our community with hope by helping each other. For example, in “Hiroshima”, the first responders and doctors helped Miss Sasaki get out from underneath the building. “Much later, several men came and dragged Miss Sasaki out.”
One key value that is highlighted by the actions and words of characters in book 7 is Alconous ' kindness towards Odysseus and giving him a way to return home safely. He humbly accepts him into the palace and doesn 't think anything of it. He is very kind to Odysseus when he "took the hand of Odysseus, the cunning hero, and raised him from the fireside and had him sit on a polished chair from which he asked his son Laodamas to rise" (7.177-180). Odysseus tells him that he is hungry and deserves food for all that he has been through. The hall praised him and "they had poured libations and drunk to their heart 's content"(7.243-244).
The people of Pylos are one of the greatest examples of people who show hospitality in the book because they interrupt a royal wedding to provide for the stranger, they then prepare him a whole meal and allow the stranger to stay for as long as he would like. The cyclopes, Polyphemus, is an excellent example of a character who does not show hospitality because he threatens, and even eats, some of Odysseus’
This myth shows the values of learning, and growth when people are able to evolve from “beasts” into people who can do things such as cook. This all begins with the outspoken opinion of Prometheus, that decides that the people need fire to keep warm. He felt strongly about his opinion, and therefore defended it, even though it involved disobeying Zeus. The power of speech used here has been proved so important, that an entire play was written by Aeschylus to exhibit it. Also, not only were there public plays showcasing these values, but ancient Greek forms of government encouraged the expression of
If were you on that Island, starving by that fire? Would you want help? It 's the right thing to do, And after all we have endured, we must show The gods that we still have a clean soul, And that we are good people indeed! "
At this point in their journey, Jim and Huck have heavily relied on each other for protection. This is also true when they take turns in preparing the food and looking for shelter. In a way, Jim is turning into a father figure for Huck. Jim has never abused of Huck and they have insightful and meaningful conversations. I wonder if this bond will continue to grow and result in Jim adopting Huck at the end of their
Odysseus is astute and witty, as well as furiously faithful to his family and home. All through the book, Odysseus was totally centered around having a go at returning home to Ithaka and Penelope. His steadfastness to his family and to his kin is the thing that kept him experiencing the tough times. Nothing is more critical to an epic saint than honor and pride. Odysseus unmistakably demonstrates that he is faithful much of the time.
Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey is one of the most complex pieces of literature in the field of classics, the intricacies and hidden meanings that are engrained in the text make it a perfect source to examine the behaviors that were valued and displayed in Greek society. Hospitality is one of the major behavioral patterns that is central to this epic as well as ancient Greek society. Homer helps the reader to understand this code of behavior by writing vivid scenes where the audience can see what lengths the hosts are willing to go to in order to please their guests. However, this understanding is complicated by some abuses of hospitality by the protagonists, Odysseus and Telemachus when they themselves are guests, receiving others hospitality.