Theory of Identity Development Identity is shaped by how an individual organizes experiences within the environment that revolves around oneself (Torres, Jones, & Renn, 2009). In Student Affairs literature, identity is defined as one’s personal held beliefs about the self in relation to social groups (e.g., race, ethnicty, religion, sexual orientation) and the ways one expresses that relationship (Torress, Jones, & Renn, 2009, p. 577). Identity is also a social construct meaning it’s ones sense of self and beliefs about one’s own social group as well others are constructed through interactions with the broader social context in which dominant values dictate norms and expectations (Torres, Jones, & Renn, 2009). Identity has a rich tradition
Cultural identity turn out to be an evident through social association. However, Jane Collier and Milt Thomas joined the study and the methodical recording of human cultures of communication and social structure of cultural identity. These belongings refer to the way members of a group talk their identity. First is the Avowal and ascription which deals with how one observe and voice his/her view about certain group identity. Second is modes of expression which is the use of core symbols such as names, labels and expected standard of behaviour which community share and follow to show that they belong to a group, exhibits shared identity.
Language is a social fact which also controls the individual. An individual is born in a society where a certain language is spoken this is how language is external to him. He is made to learn that language in order to communicate with others. Language exerts a constrain on the individual and communication because of vocabulary. According to the Swiss linguist and semiotician Saussure all languages are social facts.
This essay will discuss the significance of language in formations of ethnic and national identities in modern context, as well as the reciprocal relationship between language development and identity formation. Tajfel (1979) proposed that the groups, which people belonged to, were an important source of pride and self-esteem and defined social identity as ‘part of an individual’s self-concept which derives from his knowledge of his membership in a social group’. Thus, one’s identity may entail ethnic, national, religious aspects and so on. Identity is constantly interactively constructed on a microlevel, where an individual’s identity is claimed, contested and re-constructed in interaction and in relation to the other participants (Norris 2007:657). During this process, the tool of communication and interaction is undoubtedly languages of respective groups.
Social psychology is the study of the effect of social groups upon an individual and their behaviour, the impact on the person's thoughts or cognitive processes. These can affect the person's interactions with others, the way they relate and act towards others and the thoughts an individual has about themselves
Collectively, a conclusion will be drawn to understand the social status and speech relationship. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASS AND
Social identity theory Social Identity theory (SIT) was founded by Tajfel and Turner in 1979, as a social-psychological perspective. Social identity theory explains that the identity of people is built out of perceived memberships to groups, like gender, age, religion and organizational membership, and self-image partly derives from the social categories which the person feels he belongs to. As people join several groups, one has different identities and behaviours to align with a specific group. The theory predicts that intergroup behaviours are explained by the perceived group statuses, legitimacy and stability of these differences and the possibility to change groups (Tajfel and Turner, 1979). Tajfel and Turner explain three assumptions
ulture: Culture refers to the set of shared beliefs, ideas, customs, values etc. by a particular society or a group, which are transmitted from one generation to another, through communication or imitation. It is basically the sum total of a person’s learned, accumulated experience which is socially communicated or behavior through social learning. Culture is a way of life. It also differentiates the people of one group from another.
Shared knowledge is group perspective, it is propositional knowledge or belief produced by norms, which may be based on culture, race and gender. It is shared within a community, society or even spread around the world. Personal knowledge produces personal perspective, it is the knowledge from direct experience using our own ways of knowing. It is local to person and includes personal reflection. The word shape in this context implies affect and form.