foreign language learners should be taught various cultures as it may help them evaluate stereotypes and understand that stereotypes do not describe the complex nature of a given culture (Keller, 1991, as cited in Piatkowska, 2012). The language reflects the specificity of the cognitive cultural environment of different peoples and social realities, providing ”labels” in order to memorize and store this information. Every language comprises things that are handed down from one generation to another, and this reflects the way of thinking of a certain people, what they think it is right. (Sterian & Mocanu, 2014). Personality as an important Individual
Since English is an international language, being able to speak the language could open many opportunities and in this case, English language learners tend to forget the role of their native language and as well as their culture to their English language learning. Therefore, English language teachers need to give more attention in raising the students’ language and cultural awareness. Language awareness focuses on how learners are able to recognize the different varieties of languages and discern their distinct characteristics. Being aware of the language also means that the learners also give importance to their first language and are able to draw out significant commonalities from that of their native language and English. The goal of English language teachers, and the learners as well, is to connect the two languages (the learners ' L1 and L2).
The connection between sound and symbol is quite arbitrary. Language, being symbolic it can represent meaning beyond the immediate context, learners have to learn to relate the symbol to its meaning, that is why we encourage to use context to teach language and other way to explain the meaning by using translation or explanation in English. ( leads to the grammar-translation method of teaching) Language is not just only symbolic. It is also a complex system and productive. Wherefore the main aim of English teacher is to help language learners acquire this power of productivity, of generating original speech.
Foreign language plays a very important role in one’s culture because when one is intended to learn any language he/she will learn the culture of that language. It means language and culture are interconnected. It is not possible to learn any language without knowing its culture. By learning any foreign language one should first know about target culture. By knowing its culture, it will help in learning foreign language.
Many theories seek to explain language development in human beings. These theories are developed from both linguistic and psychological backgrounds. Language acquisition theories, therefore, depend on ideas adopted from these two wide fields. The theories specifically inform on some of the main reasons why human develop and learn a language. Language acquisition is a critical affair since each theory functions to prove the other not valid.
The skill could be introduced purposefully and imaginatively into the language learning process. If one could shift the emphasis from learning translation as a set of discrete skills (although it may have its own merits) to using translation as a resource for the promotion of language learning, such might be used to one’s advantage for interpretation and functional use. The researcher herself, being a paper adviser had seen the dilemma of the broadcasting and journalism students in translating interview texts from Filipino (Tagalog) to English. As a language editor, she found difficulty in correcting reworded theses texts due to so many notable reasons. One of these was the role the English teachers play in the translation class.
New research reveals that when we learn our mother tongue, we acquire certain habits of thought that shape our experience in significant ways and often very surprising ways. Researchers theorize that different languages influence our minds in different ways – not only because of what our language allows us to think but also because of what it habitually obliges us to think about. When a language routinely obliges us to specific types of information, it forces us to be attentive to certain details in the world and to certain aspects of experience that speakers of other languages may be thinking about. As these habits of speech are cultivated from the very young age, it is only natural that that habit of speech can settle into habits of mind,
Differences between children and adults foreign language learning Foreign language acquisition is a subject of general development trends. Learning a foreign language affects not only the expansion of the education, but also the perception of the world. In the framework of modern society the purpose of foreign language teaching is to cultivate personal qualities of a person, increasing his chances to integrate more easily the professional world. A foreign language appears, in fact, as an instrument of intercultural and international communication, but can also be the natural way to communicate in bilingual families. Learning a foreign language is a complex process, the success of which depends on the right choice of educational method.
A major issue of Such teachers is how their knowledge conveys more effectively to the learners in teaching language. The reason that learning the language means to absorb numerous information that is not continually pleasure. Indeed, acquiring a language might seem monotonous. In this regard, the introduction in Visual materials is worthy of notice. The one of a variety of teaching tools succor language acquirements, and they arouse the interest in the students as well delivery clarifies points.
Since exchanging information plays a vital role in the world and English language is considered as an international language, this research attempts to deal with two types of intelligences in the process of oral communication and speaking a language which is considered as the most important skill. 1.2 Research