The Role Of Political Ideology In Political Science

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To comprehend the role of political ideologies in political science, one first has to understand how a political ideology is defined. A political ideology can be defined as a set of beliefs or a belief system that has emotion attached by either an individual or a group of individuals. Along with having a set of beliefs, most people are emotional on their morals or ethics and want to take action to prevent others from acting against their beliefs by performing in social movements. It is important to remember that each person has their own belief system and it stems from how individuals view the actual world, since political ideologies can explain how a society and government should function. Most individuals or groups of individuals identify…show more content…
Many political ideologists admired and attempted to preserve the past. One major difference from classical conservatism was that modern conservatisms eventually accepted gradual and incremental change. It was severely evident that they admired a well balanced hierarchical society with an emphasis on a need for authority. As stated previously, authority can be defined as the utilization of coercion and manipulation as a use of force to make its constituents comply with the government because elected officials should be entrusted natural leaders. However, the real source of authority and obedience was tradition. Modern conservatism consists of entrusting the government to use force to defend the nation under the circumstances that are necessary to preserve the constituents well being.In order to accept change, it had to be dealt with moderately and only if it was willed by the constituents of the nation. These two types of conservatism differ, but are popular ideologies even in present day America; however, one other popular political ideology is…show more content…
One characteristic is that two motives are collective ownership and having a planned economy (Johnson). A communist leader believes that each individual should work to their capability and receive according to their needs. One interesting characteristic is that in a communist society there is no class hierarchy (Johnson). According to Johnson, Karl Marx is considered to be the founding father of a communist political ideology (Johnson). “Karl Marx is today the most famous early theoretician of communism, but he did not invent the term or the basic social ideals, which he mostly borrowed and adapted from the less systematic theories of earlier French utopian socialists -- grafting these onto a philosophical framework Marx derived from the German philosophers Hegel and Feuerbach, while adding in a number of economic theories derived from his reinterpretation of the writings of such early political economists such as Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, and David Ricardo”
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