The Role Of Propaganda On The First World War

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The purpose of the essay is to discuss the role played by propaganda in influencing the public opinion on both sides of the First World War. Propaganda is believed to be information that is often biased or misleading and used to promote a political course or point of view by certain group of people. Both the Central Powers and the Allied states used propaganda to win public support by influencing the way the public perceive the enemy. Both sides of the conflict used different methods to disseminate propaganda for war. Both sides of the conflict used propaganda to influence the public opinion during the Great War. Welch 's research (1999:25) shows that the states involved in The Great War formed their institutions to disseminate propaganda, whereby Britain formed Ministry of Information, Germany forming the Ministry of Propaganda, USA formed the Office of War Information and the Soviet Union also formed the Propaganda Committee of Communist Party. This report supports the suggestion that propaganda was used on both sides of the war to influence the public opinion. The propagandists during the First World War used "newspapers, cartoons, official reports," (Horne, 2002:47) and "pamphlets" (Welch, 1999:24) to disseminate propaganda. The propagandists chose these methods to communicate to the masses as fast as possible.
When the casualties were experienced in the trenches by both sides of the conflict, the British and the Americans used the plight as propaganda to urge men to
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