Since ancient times, Smallpox has devastated the world, killing millions of people. Often referred to as the speckled monster, the smallpox disease originated in the new world when Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors and early English settlers arrived in the Americas. Although there had been attempts to cure the disease, including variation, (that came from Asia 2,000 years ago), they all had a high risk of death. It wasn’t until 1796, when Edward Jenner, a English paleontologist came up with a new form of vaccine, it was called inoculation. The disease decimated the local population and was one of the main reasons for the fall of the Aztec and Inca empires.
Through many estimates it is foreseen that alien diseases caused over 50% deaths of the Native American population. On the other hand, Europeans didn’t have the same effect when they came in contact with these diseases. Exposed to the diseases at an early age, Europeans were mostly to fully immune. With the devastating effects of disease, native culture was starting to change. Persuaded that their native gods have abandoned them, many natives converted to Christianity.
49) B. Against Large Populations: By the time that the English began inhabiting the new world, researchers claim that 95% of the Indian population was wiped out by European diseases but many experts claim that immense Indian populations are just "Wishful thinking" because of the lack of evidence.
Boston Smallpox Epidemic of 1721: When smallpox broke out in Boston, Cotton Mather introduced an untested medical procedure called “inoculation”, which would introduce a small amount of the virus to a patient, in hoping they would become immune to it. Many were opposed to it, even though it worked. Many people died due to the epidemic. 31. Common Sense: Thomas Paine wrote a book called "Common Sense", it sold more than 150,000 copies when the population was only 3 million.
It is said to be the most devastating outbreak in world history. More people died of the flu in a single year than those who died in the four years of Black Plague from 1347 to 1351. In addition, it killed more people in 25 weeks than AIDS killed in 25 years. The 1918-1919 flu also known as "Spanish flu" was a global catastrophe. Epidemics become unmanageable at alarming speeds because people might not use proper treatment, lack of herd immunity.
Traveling across the Atlantic ocean to get to Pennsylvania was a struggle. Penn experienced this he lost a third of his passengers to smallpox, it had been spreading quickly. Especially in Europe, and it came with the Europeans that came to Pennsylvania. A big issue with smallpox was that the native Americans were really sensitive to it, so most of them got really sick and
Never before had they experienced summers so warm and winters so cold, especially as they arrived to America during “the little ice age”. Disease affected both natives and colonists. Smallpox devastated the Indians, “their flesh became so consumed with sores that their flesh adhered to the mats on which they slept,” (pg 172). Influenza also killed hundreds upon thousands of Indians and Colonists. Settlement & Migration The colonists may have been wary of traveling to far into Indian territory when the first arrived to America, but they soon spread along the coast.
The colonists barely made it through winter as they had assistance with all necessary aid by the six or seven people who were immune of diseases. Only fifty out of one hundred colonists have survived the time of suffering. In the article, “Colonial America Depended on the Enslavement of Indigenous People”, Marissa Fessenden states, “In 1637, they burned a village on the banks of the Mystic River in southeastern Connecticut, killing 400 to 700 Pequots.” The colonists had murdered natives by destroying their homes and territory. During the Pequot war, many of their tribe members were lost. This weakened the natives in war as they had very little men to send to resist the colonists.
The European diseases had a bigger effect than their weapons. Europeans moved into North America giving Native Americans a lot of diseases dropping there population from 24,000 to 750 by 1631- the major disease being Smallpox. This loss stopped a lot of slavery in North America. This being for better or for worse. To this day though, Smallpox is the only disease to be eradicated by vaccination.
If the smallpox epidemic had not wiped out the total population of the Patuxent Indians, the events after the arrival of the Pilgrims to Plymouth just might have been noticeably different from what is written in history books today. Another example of the advantage that the colonist gained during time of disease, was collapse of the Wampanoag Indians. “The native Wampanoag Indians of Nantucket Island (off the Massachusetts coast) were much larger and seemingly heathier than their European visitors at the time of initial contact. Nevertheless they soon succumbed to the “indian sickness”, leaving their land to their foreign guest.” (DeSalle, 1999, p. 21). The fall of the Wampanoag Indians gave the Europeans an advantage that they may not have had if the disease had not eliminated the tribe as competitor for land and