During the nineteenth century, society had drastically different viewpoints compared to today, and it wasn’t just on one topic, they varied. One of those topics was suicide, and from our readings of the appendices you get the understanding of how suicide was looked at during the 19th Century. Suicide back then was looked down upon, and if someone were to commit suicide, they would be deemed as insane. From William Rowleys’ excerpt in Appendix A, he says “The remote causes of suicide are similar to those of insanity-- perturbations of mind, or corporeal acrimony.” (Shelley 121) Rowley is comparing the reasons behind suicide to people who are insane and saying they share similarities. It was not just Rowley who thought like this either, society
In 1897 Emile Durkheim wrote the book Suicide, where he tried to find the different causes that compel people to commit suicide. He remarked that it can be hard to find the causes for suicide, since they (people who commit suicide) can think of themselves acting with a sound mind, when in fact they are experiencing some kind of a breakdown (Durkheim, 1897, p. 146). Durkheim believed that regulation, integration and the different cultural institutions in society, affected the suicide rate of a country. This he argues, by analyzing statistics of different european countries, and implements his own theory upon it - some might say his theory of how social control affects the suicide rate, is dated, but his reasoning is sound and this paper will try to show it as such. Definition of Durkheims
In Sao Paulo, Caldeira observes how the withdrawal by the upper class from public space enclaves leads to the emergence of a discourse associating criminality and poverty, and generates stereotypical images of the poor as the inherently dangerous “other” (Rodgers, 2004). However, some argues that the urban poor represent a force for revolutionary change, while others suggest that they are basically conservative in their socio-political views, and focus on survival. This paper seek to critically assess and contrast these two views. Moreover this will be done through assessment of different theoretical views. However this essay briefly seek to define the concept of urban poor as mainstay of these two views.
Holden is curious about death and often wonders what it felt to ‘commit suicide’(Salinger, 104) and how ‘Phoebe would feel’(156) if he had done so. He constantly injects the theme in his language, saying people ‘[killed] him.’(86) Critics argue that death to keep things how they are, to keep them constant, is what people get out of the novel, leading to murders like that of Lennon and Kennedy. The culprits were thought to have murdered these icons to preserve their image through death (Withfield, 174) There are definitely instances that could support this, the chief of which was Holden’s trip to the museum. He thought the best thing about it was that ‘everything always stayed right where it was.’(121) These were one of the few things that made him ‘happy’(120) when he thought about it because the ‘mummies’, ‘’Indians’ and ‘Eskimos’ were always behind ‘glass cases’(121) and nothing would be ‘different’. However, again the critics may only be scratching the
Actions by a particular individual are construed as a reaction to the impositions and the structure of the collective (Durkheim, 1897). As previously mentioned, this necessitates that he dismisses the role of free-will or independent agency. Even act of individualism are perceived to be a product of the type of society they are in (Giddens, 1971). This sort of determinism is clearly demonstrated in his book Suicide (p.331). In this work he argues that an intimate and utterly personal moment in an individual’s life can be explained through the collective lenses (Durkheim, 1897).
Secondly,an elaboration on the theory of suicide followed the three types of suicide which are altruistic,egoistic and anomic. Durkheim 's (1885) definition: “Suicide is applied to all cases of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim himself, which he knows will produce this result.” For suicides, according to Durkheim, do not constitute a wholly distinctive group of "monstrous phenomena" unrelated to other forms of behavior on the contrary. They are related to other acts, both courageous and imprudent, by an unbroken series of intermediate cases. Suicides are simply an exaggerated form of common practices. The second objection was that such practices, however common, are individual practices, with
It seems that the characters found that the simplest and best way of avoiding life struggles is through suicide. This is reflected in Shakespears’ Hamlet where Hamlet, the main character were asked by his father’s ghost to seek revenge for him. Suicide can be analyzed through several perspectives mainly religion, moral and aesthetic which underlined the theme of the whole story. Suicide is, arguably, a uniquely fascinating topic. In the aftermath
“Violence and terrorism are not the answer. (Elie Wiesel)” In the novel, Night, by Elie Wiesel, an article about ISIS genocides, and articles on genocide deniers, shows the theme of death, and how we need to address a bigger picture. The thoughts of death and denial in these works can show the darkness of humanity with all the killings of millions, how it’s ignored, and how humanity denies it ever happened. There are some minor differences, such as how the two causers of the genocide had different targets, and their way of carrying it out. Night with its themes of death, and current religious genocides in Iraq and Syria, carried out by ISIS, shows that studying history is significant, seeing how it shows not to repeat the atrocities of history, such as the Holocaust and the Armenian Genocide, where humanity killed millions of innocent people, and that how they aren’t addressed as much as they should.
Losing Everything You Have Because You’re Lonely? In Franz Kafka's novella, The Metamorphosis, there are several themes interwoven into the text by the accomplished author. However, one theme seems to stand out amongst the others. Kafka brilliantly shows the audience how alienation impacts society. Through the characters, word choice, and tone/mood, the topic of alienation is both evident and powerful, leading the reader to conclude that Kafka, who felt alienated himself throughout his life, exhibits how becoming alienated ruins human relationships with others.
Victims which just wanted someone to have Or To what extent are themes of isolation and victimization explored in the novels TKAM and OMAM Imagine yourself experiencing the Great Depression. You might be able to see unemployed people around, homeless men and hopeless women sitting next to you, but is the lack of money the real problem of the Great Depression? In both novels the themes of the isolation and victimization are overlapped and collided throughout whole novels, showing the psychological effects of The Great Depression. As you were really there, in To Kill A Mockingbird (TKAM) Nelle Harper Lee shows her point of view through a variety of characters and social environment surrounding them, she describes people’s isolation as an effect of gossips, lack of education and discrimination in any kind. All aspects soon lead characters to the state of being victims of the non-understanding community and their own lack of self-confidence.
“...Much of the recent crime increase threatens the vitality of America’s cities–and thousands of lives–it is not, in itself, the greatest danger in today’s war on cops. The greatest danger lies, rather, in the delegitimation of law and order itself’ (Mac Donald). In the book “The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe,” published in the year of 2016, author Heather Mac Donald provides credible evidence to expand on her viewpoint of our country’s current criminal crisis. In addition to “The War on Cops, Mac Donald has written two other books. Her works “Are Cops Racist?” of 2003 and “The Burden of Bad Ideas: How Modern Intellectuals Misshape Our Society” of 2000 contain ideas similar to those expressed in “The War on Cops.” The powerful stance Mac Donald takes on certain themes expressed throughout “The War on Cops” direct the reader’s understanding towards the flaws of America’s governmental systems, revealing the backstory and complexity of racism and criminal justice behind our “war on cops.” To begin, Mac Donald notes one of the many shortcomings of the Obama administration, of which she addresses frequently throughout the book.