Mesopotamia was a successful civilization because of it 's farming. I know this beause If they weren 't successful in farming, they couldn 't build up theire civilization. The text stated that the two rivers would bring in silt, which made rich farming land. This in turn, made them need less farmers, so people got other jobs. The text says they built temples and started trading with other villages. So they were succesful. The Nile River Vally civilization was also succesful because they had good farming land. This, like in Mesopotamia, lt them do different jobs, like building. The text says that they had Pharos, or leaders, that they
Surprisingly ancient civilizations have influenced this modern world starting at 3500 BC in what now day middle east ,the first of ancient civilizations began. Ancient Mesopotamia influenced in our world today in many ways. Two contributions from the Mesopotamian civilization were the inventions of cuneiform and Hammurabi’s Code.
A: Human migration across the globe was the complete spread of the human species over much of the earth’s surface. The species began in eastern Africa; most types of humans come from this region, in the present day countries of Tazmania, Kenya, and Uganda. Main discoveries, especially fire and the use of animal skins for clothing-both of which allowed people to live in colder climates-facilitated the spread of Paleolithic groups. The first people moved out of Africa about 750,000 years ago. Humans dating from 600,000 and 350,000 years ago have been found in China and Southeast Asia, mainly.
The advancement of civilization initiated in Mesopotamia as higher levels of development matured through added civilizations in agriculture, cities, government hierarchy, writing, and building. Agriculture was the base of life that created food surpluses, free time to build, time to learn, and time to develop new ideas. In the settling of nomads brought cities that fashioned together to proliferate in population, and with those numbers contribute to the community. Arising from equalitarian hunting and gathering societies, civilizations created hierarchical governments in order to deal with the complexities of food surpluses, ownership, complex societies, and religion. Writing gave way to a higher class of education that only those superior to others received in order to preserve knowledge; communication, on the other hand, was available to most lower and middle class. Many
According to the World History, Mesopotamia means "land that joins two rivers"; a home to the world's first complex civilization Sumer. ( www.ancient.eu/Mesopotamia).It is totally believed that Sumer was indeed the first civilization that people radiated outwards from Mesopotamia to inhabit what is now Europe, Africa, Asia, and later, the Americas so Mesopotamia is very important. From Mesopotamia came many great civilizations. There is no doubt that Mesopotamia was the cradle of civilization, the place where all civilization began which can even be researched in the bible. Mesopotamia is not only important to various religions like Judaism, Christianity,
Some of the first civilizations started out in present day South America, Europe and the Middle East. Mesopotamia started coming together in 8000 B.C.E. located in present day Iraq and Syria, and the Chavin civilization was located in modern day Peru becoming prominent in 900 B.C.E. These two civilizations had many similarities in religious, political, and technological advancements mainly because the Mesopotamian civilization was a big influence to many others.
Geography not only plays a part in the spread of a religion but also can be inspiration or reflection for the religion itself. Many societies have numerous deities inspired by the landscape in and around their civilization. However, I believe not all religions drew inspiration from the land they lived in.
The Sumerians of Mesopotamia are very interesting, and intelligent people they were the first to create many things that are used as an everyday necessity in our society today. They were the first people who first settled down in Mesopotamia or also known as the land between two rivers, Tigris and Euphrates. Today, Mesopotamia is known as Iraq. This statement was declared in the article Ancient Mesopotamia - The Sumerians by Mr. Giotto’s Site (website). The Sumerians of Mesopotamia are well known as being inventors. Some of their famous inventions are the wheel, the cylinder seal, plow, the sail boat, advances in mathematics, and the writing system known as the cuneiform. The Sumerians had small villages and cities all over Mesopotamia. Furthermore,
In Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia they had both similarities and differences in their political, economical, and social characteristics. Ancient Egypt had pharaohs, invented the ramp and lever, and they had polytheistic beliefs, while Mesopotamia had kings and queens, invented the wheel, and didn’t have a set religion.
Ancient Mesopotamia (mashed potatoes) means 2 rivers between land. Mesopotamia settled on the Fertile Crescent because the soil there was so rich. Food was scarce in the Fertile Crescent, back then you could not be a fussy eater or a vegan. It was a marshy place in Mesopotamia, it was hard surviving there. The 2 rivers in Mesopotamia were ”Tigris and Euphrates. They invented a wheel, if they had not made a wheel we most likely not have cars today. 5000 BCE to 3500 BC, they were a primitive tribe. The rivers were a blessing and a curse, the blessing was rivers helped them with growing crops and getting water, the cures was, once every year there was a flood and destroyed all their crops.
Mesopotamia and the Shang and Zhou were two very successful early civilizations. Mesopotamia was a civilization that emerged from the fertile lands between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers in the Middle East. Chinese people called the Shang took over a portion of northern China located near the Huang He, and began to develop their dynasty. The Zhou dynasty took over the Shang, but both dynasties succeed in bringing China new achievements.
The Sumerian city states are depicted among the Urban focus’s. The cities centered around political, religious, economical, social, and cultural developments. As said in the History book, “ As the cities expanded, they came to exercise political and economical control.” They contained major social groups such as the elites, dependent commoners, free commoners, and slaves. The Sumerians believed in kingship and as said in chapter one of the history book, “They derived their power form the gods, and they were agents of the gods.” The gods ruled their city. Therefore, the city centered around political, religious, economical, social, and cultural developments.
The first object that I found interesting during my visit at the Brooklyn museum was the Finger ring which was made by the Sumerians around 2600 to 2500 B.C.E. They were two rings that were gold in color with many ridges. Sumer, as I have learned in my class was the oldest civilization known to mankind which also developed the first writing system, Cuneiform which was wedge writing and developed around 3500 B.C.E. They also discovered the calendar as well as agriculture. The Sumerians also had a religion and worshiped many gods such as AN, KI, UTU and NINHURSUG. They built many city states and had a great impact on the civilizations that came after them.
The Sumerians began to settle and farm the flat lands in southern Mesopotamia around 3300 BC. The region’s curved shape and the richness of its land lead it to be called The Fertile Crescent. The Tigris and Euphrates river and held in Mesopotamia, the flow southeastward to the Persian Gulf. The advantage that attracted the Sumerians was the good soil, but there were definitely some disadvantages to the new environment as well. Unpredictable flooding was an issue, considering that the Tigris and Euphrates river were near the area. There were also little to no rain at all, in fact the land sometimes almost became a desert. The Sumerian village was basically defenseless because they had no natural barriers for protection. The natural resources of Sumer were very limited, even building materials and other items were very little.
Mesopotamia had many great writings considering their location wasn 't exactly ideal for a growing civilization. Since it was in the fertile crescent, the land was seen as very valuable, and other civilizations wanted to have the agriculture for their own. There was also no natural obstacle to keep it safe, no mountains, desert, ocean, etc, so it was very susceptible to invasion. The Iron Age, occurring from 1000 to 500 BCE, was a time in a rise and fall of many empires, all of which manipulated Iron for the sole purpose of warfare. Two of the empires at this time, the Neo-Hittite Empire and the Neo-Assyrian Empire, saw an expansion during this time period. The Neo-Hittite Empire was originally 2 states, the Hittites and the Mitanni. The Hittites,