The Role Of The Christian Society For The Reformation Of Manners

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Christian Society for the Reformation of Manners Background The Christian Society for the Reformation of Manners originated during the reign of Charles II., which was marked by the rise of religious societies. Their initial philosophy was to fight the growth of popery in England, however after the Glorious revolution they expanded their notion and began to battle irreligion (Primer, p. 66, 1975). At that time, it was a widespread believe that economic activity unless strictly limited would severely danger the life of virtuous citizens (Horne, Introduction, 1978). English men were often urgently warned to constrain their habits due to the punishment that could be imposed by God (Goldsmith, p.1, 1985). This is linked to the views of the Society for the Reformation of Manners who believed that God didn’t focus on individuals but more often on the entire nation, therefore individual misbehaving in the sense of excessive consumption, envy, pride, prostitution, avarice and luxury would attract God’s wrath (Goldsmith, p. 4, 1985). By the time of James’ II. reign in 1688, they fully established themselves and accounted to 20 societies in London alone by 1701 (Horne, p.1, 1978). Views on consumption The members of the Christian Society for the Reformation of Manners saw themselves as the chosen men of God, who had the task to fight against the “dreadful and general corruption of morals” (Krammick, n.d., as cited in Horne, p. 1, 1979). Backed up by Royal permission, the extreme

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