During the 1600s and 1700s a new type of monarch emerged known as an absolute ruler. Some of these rulers were Louis XIV, the Fredericks of Prussia, and Peter the Great. These rulers believed that a monarch had a divine right to rule and should only listen to God. All these rulers had characteristics that defined them as absolutists. Louis XIV was constantly at war during his reign which resulted in a powerful army.
Feudalism is a system of governing and landholding. Nobles were able to use land that belonged to the king and in return, the nobles pledged their loyalty and military services to them ( doc 1 ). The feudal system was based on rights and obligations. The manor was the economic side of the feudal system. The manor was a system where the lord’s lands was taken care of by his serfs ( doc 2 ).
Source B, "Chart of Medieval European feudalism," and source c, "Map of the spread of Islam" are both connected to the power of political. After reading the details in Source B, it is clear that there was a social pyramid to show who was on the top and bottom, the money range of all the people, and what they did. The head of the social pyramid was the king, the king had all the power, he has all the money, and makes the rules. The next person was the lords and they were military aids and they were loyal. The second to last person on the pyramid was the knights.
Tokugawa Japan + Medieval Europe Medieval Europe and Tokugawa Japan lived in seclusion to each other, and yet there were many uncanny similarities between Tokugawa Japan and Medieval Europe. In Medieval Europe there were many key features of the social system that were introduced at the time. The social system of Medieval Europe was called Feudalism. Feudalism puts the King in charge of everything and everyone, with barons and nobles underneath him. The nobles provide loyalty and knights to the king in return for land to control.
The Enlightenment, the intellectual movement that stressed reason and individualism rather than tradition, sparked a change in the political systems of many Eastern and Central European rulers during the eighteenth century. Before the Enlightenment, the majority of rulers relied on absolutism and expected strict adherence to their laws. However, following the Enlightenment the philosophes, intellectuals involved in the movement, believed that it was crucial to educate the monarchs about the emergence of new ideals, which could be applied to their governments. Because the European monarchs were among the most educated in society, they were attracted to any ideas that could improve or reform society. The resulting ideal coined the term “enlightened
Eastern and Western European countries had many differences on economics and political structures. Both the East and the West tried to achieve an absolute monarchy, which can be described as a type of government where the monarch has complete rule over everything. Although both had an absolute monarchy at some point, they were structured differently and one much more successful than the other. In Eastern Europe the members of nobility had almost all of the control over the poor peasants who lived in their community. They controlled their judicial and economical state.
Western Civilization 101 Part 1: Roman Republic Roman Republic’s social structure was entirely based on wealth, freedom, property and heredity. Just like any other ancient society in the world history, the Roman Republic was also entirely controlled by men who were at the top of the social hierarchy. More so, the slaves were at the bottom of the social hierarchy while the women and the common people, referred to as the plebeians, followed closely. Going upwards, the wealth citizens followed the women and they were characteristic of using their wealth to acquire power. The top most class of people on the social hierarchy were the class of rulers who governed the republic and ensured adherence to the law was strictly followed.
Chieftains were prestigious members of the tribes and everything centered around him (Biel 11). This organization would later develop into a system of feudalism (Biel 11). There were three main classes supporting the feudal system. The king, the single great beneficiary of the system was at the top of the feudal pyramid (Nardo 27). Feudal lords, part of the nobility, were powerful local leaders solidifying control in territories of political, military, economic and even religious affairs (C. Smith ).
Throughout Europe, a system referred to as Feudalism was in effect, and the Roman Catholic Church was the dominating power. Serfs worked for nobles on their land, and were said to be bound to the land. Feudalism was highly reliant on the social pyramid and the system of working for superiors, but this all eventually changed. The Renaissance was a time after the Middle Ages for man to
Military ranks The highest rank in the middle ages military is the king and queen. The King and the queen were the most powerful people in the kingdoms, their role was to keep the people of the kingdoms safe from any dangers or threats. Furthermore, they would also be in charge of making the laws. They were also in charge of keeping their land safe from invasion, also to control the military. However, being a king and queen was remarkably grueling, seeing that they were under a lot of stress about their land and people.