They are allowed to interfere with humans in certain ways to certain extents, they have rules, and by punishing/rewarding humans, they create an order of morals/hierarchy so they serve a purpose as well. This presentation of the gods reveals that the Greeks see them as powerful, smarter, and "magically" significant beings. I think that the story shows that they see the Gods to be like us, but with power and authority.
Melanos’ experience sets the precedent of sacrifices and offerings becoming the blueprint towards forgiveness from the gods. Humans in The Odyssey lay claim to their ability to sway the gods’ opinion as their source of power in the such a supernatural world. The power that allows mortals to control their
He is jealous of Othello, show in, “I confess it is my shame to be so fond/but it is not in my virtue to amend it” (1.3:316-317). Roderigo is desperate for Desdemona and Iago takes advantage of this and makes him do thing such as kill Cassio. Roderigo does all of Iago’s dirty work and makes his plan successful. Also, Roderigo is unintelligent and realizes too late that his “money is almost spent” (2.3:364-368). Iago makes several false promises to Roderigo and he does not expose Iago because he is desperate for love.
Throughout the story of Odysseus’s journey told by Homer, there are many defining examples of interaction between humans and their gods. The gods primarily interact with humans by either siding with or against them. The gods would often side with humans since they wanted to help them such as Athena, Goddess of Wisdom, helping Telemachus, Odysseus’s son, whereas the gods seeking revenge such as Poseidon, who sought revenge on Odysseus for slaying his son Polyphemus, would turn against them. While actual interaction between gods and humans seems to be a rather risible idea, there was much guidance given to humans by the gods throughout the Odyssey.
Although the Olympians were gods, they had very human flaws and frailties such as jealousy, cunning, and manipulation. Firstly, one common flaw shown amongst the gods was that of cunning. The definition of cunning is someone who uses deceit to achieve their own goals. An example of a cunning god is Eris, goddess of quarrels.
Odysseus told Polyphemus his name only to gloat and make fun of the cyclops for being so stupid. Odysseus also listened to the siren song just so he could tell people that he had done so and survived. Later in his journey as he matured he relied on his wits and repressed his irrational emotion. On the island of Phaeacia he displayed his cunning ability and proved he has learned from his experiences. “By god, I’d rather slave on earth for another man…”-
It also marks the change from democracy to dictatorship. Some of his errors in judgement include making decisions because of narcissism, not including the gods’ law, refusing to bury the body, and condemning Antigone to death in the cave so he is not blamed for disobeying the gods’ law.
The relationship between mortals and gods, therefore, is often antagonistic, and those who have not been subject to favoritism by the gods are fated to suffer. Furthermore, the gods are linked with actual places and people, for whom they act as patrons. Enkidu, who had been created by Aruru, was sent by the gods as an entity of impact for Gilgamesh, which would later turn out to be of deep influence while Gilgamesh searches for means of avoiding the death which had befallen Enkidu. Additionally, the Flood itself, noted for its comparison to the Noahic story from the Old Testament, is the product of angry gods, essentially because humanity was too vulgar and disgraceful. Only Utnapishtim, warned ahead of time by the goddess Ea to "[take] aboard the boat the seed of all living things" (Page 143, Tablet XI, line 27), endures the disaster alongside the family.
Though some may argue that it is the individual actions of Achilles and Oedipus that lead to their demise, it is the role of prophecy in their individual lives as well as in their respective societies, which allows for the tragic fates of such great heroes; and renders the dream of achieving any semblance of arete or human flourishing null in favor of the whims of the gods.
The Odyssey is a complex narrative that tells the story of a warrior (Odysseus), that after the events at the war of Troy tries to find a way to go back home after being stuck at the island of Ogygia. The Odyssey is one of the first literature pieces in world history and I found it interesting as it compares to the life we live today, the decisions we make, the relationships among individuals and the meaning of home. Odysseus’s adventures towards the years put him into many different circumstances that make him grow as a person as well as gaining experience. He principally gets to know himself in different situations, like the wars he fought, the people and monsters whom which he defeated and his explorations overseas. I can say that Odysseus himself was a mostly successful person, he commanded and won the war at Troy, He ruled his own kingdom (Ithaca) and had a beloved family including his faithful wife Penelope and his courageous son Telemachus.
After reading, I believe that the human characters were responsible for the progression, resolution, and overall plot in the book. Understandably, many would believe that the gods were the ones responsible for what happened; but the gods create and formulate scenarios for the humans to tackle. For instance, there are times when the humans do not obey the gods’ orders; For example, when Odysseus was once instructed by Leucothoe, a goddess who resides in the sea, to leave his raft he decided not to because he did not think he would be able to reach land if he were to.
Do the gods in The Odyssey aid the humans or make their existence miserable? The gods, fate, and one’s free will intervene with one another and create the events of the epic. However, the gods have more influence on the fate of the mortals than a mortal’s free will. Although this may be true, humans can determine small variables in their lives. The Odyssey is an epic poem by Homer that depicts Odysseus’ 10-year struggle to return home to Ithaka after fighting in the Trojan War.
In The Odyssey, the character Odysseus can be considered a hero because he demonstrates many characteristics that are attributable to most heroes. After the battle at Troy, Odysseus strives to sail back to his homeland (Ithaca); however, he encounters some issues along the way and Poseidon attempts to make it impossible for Odysseus to return home. At the beginning of this journey, Odysseus wants to make it back to Ithaca with all of his crew alive. This selfless goal displays Odysseus acting for the greater good because he knows that these men have families that depend on them and would like for them to come home. Along the journey home, Odysseus and his crew come across a cyclops and become trapped in the cyclops’ cave.