The French view of the natives was quite different from the Spanish. The word “sauvage” was used to describe the Native Americans, which comes from the Latin salvaticus, which means “of the wood” or “wild” (Melzer 173). Father Paul LeJeune, a French Jesuit missionary, once quoted Cicero and said, “All nations were once vagabonds.” The thought is that the Native Americans are in a stage where all nations start; it is primitive and will evolve (Melzer 174). Because of this view, the French Jesuits were much more compassionate in their missionary endeavors.
John Eliot and Roger Williams were puritans who worked with the Indians in the mid-1600s in Massachusetts. They both started their work in Massachusetts, but Roger Williams ended up in Rhode Island. When they were working with the Indians, they performed civic duty. A civic duty is the duties or obligations a person has toward his or her society (or community) .While both men thought that the Indians were victims of the English and that it was their civic duty to help the Indians, Eliot thought forcing his religion on the Indians was helping them, while Williams fought for land and freedom of religion for the Indians.
It would not be long before the Jesuits were sent to the New World to serve in New Spain and 60 years after the arrival in Mexico City, others from France settled in Quebec (Bangert, 261). One of the primary methods of evangelization in the New World was the process of isolation and indoctrination. Used by both the Jesuits of New Spain and New France, isolation and indoctrination had both its success and its failures. In the process of evangelizations, the Jesuit missionaries learn how to adapt to the needs of the Native Americans in both the north and the south.
The Edict of Nantes was issued in 1598 by Henri IV of France to grant French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) equal rights with Catholics. The Edict was introduced primarily to end the long-running, disruptive French Wars of Religion. Henri IV also had personal reasons for supporting the Edict. Until assuming the throne Henri himself had been a Protestant, and he remained sympathetic to their cause: he converted in order to become king, famously saying, "Paris is worth a Mass." The Edict succeeded in restoring peace and internal unity to France for many years.
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
Ignatius Loyola was a Spanish priest and theologian, who founded the religious order called the Society of Jesuits in 1540. The Society of Jesuits were missionaries, or those who traveled to spread Catholicism and convert non-Catholics. During the Counter-Reformation, Jesuit missionaries traveled throughout Europe and won back many of the Europeans who had converted to Protestantism. Throughout Europe, they created schools, colleges, and seminaries. The Jesuits also ran charitable organizations, such as one for former prostitutes and one for Jewish people who converted to Catholicism.
Ohio has had interracial marriages for almost two centuries. In the article “Ohio holds rare history: Races mix freely for nearly 200 years”, Keiser said,” We were the usual Longtown family. We all looked different, and were taught that color didn’t matter … As long as I have anything to do with it, Longtown won’t die.” If the whole
Many of the defining features of Baroque art can be traced back to the influence of the Catholic Church, specifically the members of the Jesuits. At the final session of the Council of Trent it was decreed that by seeing “[their] Redemption, portrayed by paintings or other representations” the people should be inspired to ”give God thanks for those things; may order their own lives and manners in imitation of the saints; and may be excited to adore and love God, and to cultivate piety” (Waterworth, 170). Although this decree was made after many of the changes in art had happened, it
1. S: - began colonies through uncharted companies and colonized to spread Christianity - used religion and economic terms to justify their takeover - traded with local natives D: - Spanish and Dutch emphasized conquest - Spanish and French used religion to colonize natives - French held a fur trading post with natives The Dutch: - became commercial/financial hub for a fur trading enterprise New World: - English and Spanish created settlers colonies 2 . Was united to create peace between the tribes and by following The Great Law of Peace, they ended the wars (909 CE).
The image above shows one reason why the Indian removal act was enforced because of the phrase, "in God we trust". One big reason why the Indian removal act was enforced was Manifest Destiny. The settlers believed that this new land was given to them by God. Manifest destiny was the belief that God gave this new land to the Europeans. They felt responsibility to spread christianity all over this newfound land.
The French government supported the St. Lawrence traders by defending their territorial claims to the region and encouraging the activities of French missionaries in their work of converting the Indians to Roman Catholicism. Montreal (originally known as Ville-Marie) was founded in 1642 as a centre for missionary activity, but it soon became the base of the expanding continental fur trade. The French trade was conducted by private companies granted monopoly trading powers by the French king in exchange for commitments to promote settlement and the work of the Church. Between 1627 and 1645 the trade and the administration of New France were entrusted to the Compagnie des Cent Associés, established by Cardinal Richelieu to improve the settlement
Protestant Reformation to shape the landscape which they lived in. Protestants and Catholics were constantly trying to reinvent to common social norms that were already in placed in order to please their denomination. In the 1630s the Puritans, led by John Winthrop, settled in Boston with hopes of reforming the Church of England and emplacing their religion and its social values with of those who are already there (primarily Native Americans). Around twelve years later some Puritans, such as Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker, tried to reinvent the morals and theology of the Puritan Community. Years later in the 1730s and 1740s there is a revival called the Great Awakening which focused on reinventing the way people conducted their life and a call for personal choice.
Puritans (church members) were Calvinist who wanted to purify the Church of England they confine church membership to persons they believed to be “saved”, the bible was the final authority. Puritans settler in different parts all over North America, John Winthrop writing the Mayflower compact gave a significant power to Puritans in the New World looking for “a city upon a hill” leaving a political structure over New England in which the puritan had power over the colonies. Within fifty year since the founding of New England the whites surrounded the ancestral lands of the Indians, Metacomet (King Philip) was the son of Massasoit who signed the treaty with the Pilgrims, Philip concerned by the impact of the lands and Europeans culture and religion
Evidence shows that the Puritans had politically influenced their colonies with their religious values. In the New World, a group of Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There, the Puritans would create a government that would revolve around their covenant with God. On the way to the New World, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led a sermon, titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, about Puritan ideals (Winthrop). As well as determining Puritan ideals, the sermon urges colonists to unite as a “city on a hill” for others to look up to (Winthrop).
A. Religious and spiritual misinterpretation occur frequently throughout the Jesuit documents. These misunderstandings are justified throughout these historical documents and provide a clear Native belief system to the subjective recordings of the Jesuits who detailed these connections. These documents accompanied the encroachment of New France in Northeast America, published annually in France beginning of 1632 and actively read by interested Europeans. The documents not only reflect on environment and cultural practices of Native Americans, yet also the subjective observations and biases of the missionaries who detailed their first interactions. Certain passages of history are more interesting than those which record the efforts of