Capitalism makes the working class into a class of exploited workers. Marx believed that the economics behind capitalism is the reason for inequalities in society. Marx discussed in the Communist manifesto 184? the only way the exploitation would end was if the proletariat united to over throw the power group, in this case bourgeoisie to become a class for itself. This would lead to socialism or a communist society however this prediction has not developed
We can appreciate that together with political parties - specific institutions of the political life, trade unions have an influence on the political games. Although in their charters it is written they don’t want power, (which even legally is impossible) but they only want to have an influence with the means they are familiar to trade unions are a stabile presence in the areas in which the pol itical decisions are made. From this angle, trade unions are categorical type associations, that is, they put together individuals according to the division of labour – the criterion of occupation, activity area (industrial, commercial or agricultural). Socially, an important role is given to trade unions in the context of social dialogue. In countries such as Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovene, Estonia and Hungary the process of globalization had an influence, and trade unions lost their possibili ty to pressure the international companies, facing in the same time a number reduction of its members.
Pluralism recognises different interests between capital and labour and emphasises that conflict can be regulated through rules and institutions (Budd and Bhave, 2008; Clegg 1975: 3). Negotiation and representation strives to embody the above, attempting to curb the labour and capital power imbalance present in the employment relationship. Towers (1988:184) stated that, “trade unions are more than engines for converting bargaining power into improved pay and conditions of their members…. They are an integral and important part of the system of checks and balances which compose capitalist and, liberal democrats.” Collective bargaining is the negotiation and continuous application of an agreed set of rules to govern the substantive and procedural
Smith writes "It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from our regard to their self-interest." This means that all people do what their expected, actually is for their self-interest. For second law, Smith thinks about how the individual’s selfish can brings benefit to society since all people are aiming for their self-interest. Meanwhile, Smith said that when individual complete their task to gain the profit, involuntarily they effort will contributes to the whole society. As a result, the second law in the market system is competition.
The communists believe that the first step while establishing the communist state should be that the working class with workers’ dictatorship must replace the capitalist dictatorship. The socialist political system can coexist with different political systems. Socialists believe that it is possible to make the transition from capitalism to socialism without a basic change in the character of the state. They believe that there is no need for the working class in power to smash the old capitalist state apparatus and set up its own. The march to socialism can be made step by step within the framework of the democratic forms of the capitalist
Braverman’s deskilling concept According to Attewell (1987) Braverman starts with an argument that was made by Marx (1967), which stated that employees sell only their ability to work. Management must ensure that this ability is turned into work performed by the employees which will lead to profitability. Additionally, Braverman takes into consideration three implications that result from the argument made by Marx. Firstly, Adam Smith (1970) makes an argument about how managers can increase productivity by dividing work so that employees can perform different work activities at the same time. Braverman (1974) does not agree with the theory of division of labour as proposed by Adam Smith and argues that the efficiency gains explained by Smith
The opening phrase on ‘Labor’ in history.com reads like this : “The labor movement in the United States grew out of the need to protect the common interest of workers. For those in the industrial sector, organized labor unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours and safer working conditions. The labor movement led efforts to stop child labor, give health benefits and provide aid to workers who were injured or retired.” The factors that led to the rise of labor unions: An in depth analysis of the factors that led to the rise of labor unions in the United States only reveals that the basic need and the primary objective of the workering people was to secure economic and legal protection from their exploiting employers. The origins of the
To make matter worse, modernization theory, which Marxism believes is an essential element of capitalism, further worsens the imbalances between the economic classes. For example, globalization advocates for lesser intervention of government in economic activities but Marxists believe that such action would encourage the growth of bourgeoisie while proletariats would always suffer. Thus, Marxism is a humanity-cantered philosophy. It is also an activist view of looking at the society. It recognizes the constraints upon human action and also acknowledges that those constraints are the creations of other sets of human beings.
Besides the split along lines of political ideology, there has been the factional split in the same trade union professing the same ideology. Generally intra-union rivalry assumes the form of factionalism. (iii) Part-time union leaders- Another disadvantage of political unionism is that as political union leaders happened to be politicians, they were not in a position to spare full time for the welfare of the workers and union. The workers are misguided on several occasions according to political goals which resulted in unwarranted consequences. Independent Unions Advantages: (i) Self – Generating The independent trade unions work independently for the benefit of the workers, instead of being stooged by political leaders for political ends.
It is argued that social inequality occurs because of the conflict between the upper-class and the working-class, or as Marx defines it, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Based on the Manifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels, 1848), the divergence emerges because the aim of the Bourgeoisie is to obtain a surplus-value that is produced by the work of the Proletariat. On the other side, the Bourgeoisie provides the Proletariat with the minimum required, such as a place to live and a minimum wage, in order to keep the society under control and avoid a rebellion. However, Marx did predict a revolt of the working-class that would eventually lead to a communist regime. When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred.