Automation In The Manufacturing Industry

1499 Words6 Pages
Industry is the production of goods or services within an economy. Manufacturing industry became a key sector in many countries in the world. Since the Industrial Revolution, many countries are competing in having the most modern and huge industry. The Industrial Revolution led to the development of factories for large-scale production. Originally, the factories were steam-powered, but later it was transitioned to use electricity as the main power to operate the machines in the factories, once an electrical grid was developed. In the past, human’s power was necessary for assembling machine parts in the factories. They play the most important part in the industry. Later, the mechanized assembly line was introduced to assemble parts in a more…show more content…
Automation also includes optimizing in the company flow system. Humans have been trying to make their lives easier since the beginning of civilization. From the discovery of fire to robot, these inventions are made for one single reason, to ease human lifestyle. Since then, people keep trying to improve their lives and apply changes to our daily usage. In the present, human have applied many of the automation in optimizing processes and systems. For example, McDonald’s has introduced touch screen ordering and payment systems in many of its restaurants, reducing the need for as many cashier employees. Another example, The University of Texas at Austin has introduced fully automated café retail locations when some café have utilized mobile and tablets application to make the ordering process more efficient by customers ordering and paying on their device. Based on the above examples, people keep developing and changing the system and these changes brings questions that need to be answered. Will these changes bear good or bad…show more content…
This problem can easily be solved by using robots. Robots know nothing about fatigue that means people can increase operational time. Normally, a single factory can operate from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. After using this new technology, people can add more than 5 hours of operation time. Companies can earn extra profits by doing this. In addition, robots do not feel fatigue, sickness, or boredom; thus, eliminating the risk of work accident. In common factories, work accident usually when workers overwork themselves until they are tired or bored which unable them to concentrate on what they were doing at that time, resulting in accidents that can cause harm or even death. These accidents do not only bring loss to the workers but also to the company itself. Therefore, companies must take care of their employees and let them take a break eventually. However, this trick will decrease operation time and decrease optimal profit. Therefore, the best choice is by installing automation technology. In addition, when using this system, company will not violate laws regarding working time. International Labour Organization, Coo1- Hours of Work (Industry) Convention, 1919 (No. 1) article 2, states that 'The working hours of persons employed in any public or private industrial undertaking or in any branch thereof, other than an undertaking in which only members of the same family are
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