One more well-known peaceful protest in the era was the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955, led by Martin Luther King Jr., to help advance African American rights in the U.S. This protest started after Rosa Parks was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. Rosa Parks was peacefully protesting, as she was given the right to do from the Bill of Rights. This protest is just one of many examples that shows that civil disobedience is beneficial to society, because African Americans eventually got equal rights after more peaceful protests such as sit-ins at diners. Martin Luther King Jr. remains a famous historical figure because of his success with nonviolent protests. On the other hand, the civil rights movement spurred some African Americans to violently protest, in such groups as the Freedom Riders, which only caused the ruling white population to further deny them equality. In the Civil Rights Movement of the 50s and 60s, it is easy to see that peaceful protests were the key to African Americans getting the rights they deserved as American
In this essay I will be discussing how the Black Panthers were trying to help the African American community. During the Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King Jr had organised many nonviolent protest to help the African American community gain equal rights and to end segregation in the South. These nonviolent protests were mainly set in the South and mainly worked for the Southern community. It wasn’t effective in the North side which had the Ghettos which consisted of the African American community. During this time the Black people were treated in a horrible manner by the Police there were lots of reports of the police attacking the African American people who were not armed or did nothing wrong.
During the 20th century, two prominent political leaders were driving forces of the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were key catalysts during the time period, most noted for their devout, and distinct ideologies. Both Martin Luther King and Malcolm X combatted tirelessly for the beliefs and changes they wanted to see manifested for African Americans. Although their approaches to acquiring these changes were contrasting they both had their similar appeals as well. King was from a middle class background, with an education gained, while Malcolm was more of an underprivileged person who had little schooling. Martin Luther King Jr. was for the most part one in avoidance of violence during his time; his tactics were much
Over time many things change; laws, beliefs, and even people. But what causes change? Does disobedience create these things to changes? Henry David Thoreau believed that it was one's obligation to disobey laws that were unjust. His actions inspired Mahatma Gandhi to take civil action against Britain how was ruling over them at the time, leading to their independence. Martin Luther King Jr. also believed in civil disobedience which helped him united the majority of African Americans to protest with him in nonviolent ways leading to great change in american societies. But not all disobedience is effective for example, before MLK many Africans wanted to make a change but their anger clouded their judgment leading to deadly riots and protests
Malcolm X was an influential African-American leader he also rose to prominence in the mid-1950s. Malcolm opposed the mainstream civil rights movement, publicly calling for black separatism and rejecting nonviolence and integration into combatting racism by. However, Malcolm has combatted many obstacles during his lifetime. Some examples on how Malcolm combatted racism was…(insert evidence here)
On May 19, 1925, Malcolm Little was born in Omaha, Nebraska, and was the seventh of eleven children. When he was little his family moved to Lansing, Michigan, they were begrudged by whites who hated the nationalist views of his father, Earl Little.
Born and known as Malcolm Little through his childhood, Malcolm X was brought into the segregated world on May 19, 1925. In Lansing, Michigan, he was raised by his father, J. Early Little and Mother Louise Little in a time of poverty. While Malcolm was a child, his father passed away. This left his mother alone while trying to support all eight of her children during the Great Depression. The stress caused Louise to have a mental breakdown, which meant that her children were separated and put into the custody of various foster families. He received fair treatment from white families but still received subtle discrimination in white schools. Malcolm dropped out and moved to Boston, where he spent time out on the streets experiencing
A very influential advocate for nonviolent movements was Martin Luther King Jr.. King motivated African Americans in Montgomery to continue the bus boycott for over a year. He also supported Sit-ins, which is where people would sit in a public service facility until they were served properly. College students who9 wanted civil rights engaged in the Sit-ins staged at segregated stores, movie theaters, restaurants, etc.. Even though the students were faced with violence, they remained nonviolent and peaceful, which caught the attention of America. King was also an advocate for peaceful marches to Selma. On March 7, 1965, the march took place into Selma and Americans watched peaceful demonstrators brutally beaten by two hundred state troopers. King played an influential rule on encouraging African Americans to gain support to equalize their rights. Malcolm X became the symbol for Black Power movement in the 1960’s. While in prison, Malcolm X joined the Black Muslims, which was group that believed in self-defense or an eye for an eye although they did not advocate violence. After Malcolm X’s journey to Mecca, he decided that an integrated society was possible. He was significant to African Americans they felt a sense of pride in their race and believed in the betterment of society. The Black Panthers believed
He chose "x" after his conversion to islam (under the nation of Islam) as he believed that little was slave name and x represents his lost african tribal name. was a political activist for racial injustice. He also changes again to otrhodox Islam and chanhged his name to -prompt people to look in the book- and was assasinated later..Learning to read was acctually written by Alex haley using information from interviews.
Born Malcolm Little on the 9th of May 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, Malcolm was the fourth of eight children. His mother, Louise, was a housekeeper and his father, Earl Little, was a Baptist preacher. He experienced extreme amount of racism throughout his life. At age 4, he had to move to East Lansing, Michigan after local KKK members attacked his family in Omaha. Subsequent to their arrival in East Lansing, the family home was burned by a racist mob and authorities refused to respond to the situation. In 1931, two years after the fire incident, Earl Little was found dead and his death was ruled a suicide though he had received several death threats. 1n 1939, when Malcolm was 12, Louise was admitted to a mental institute and he was placed in foster care. Malcolm was a bright student, but some saw him as a boy with a ’no purpose’ life. He was told by a teacher to “be realistic. . . and plan on carpentry” when he stated he wanted to become a lawyer. Fifteen-years-old Malcolm dropped out of high school and his life took a dreadful turn. He moved to Boston, where he became a drug dealer.
This leads to his ideas of separation over integration. He felt that integration would still give white people power over black people (which relates back to his beliefs of economic independence). He felt that integration didn’t make up for the kidnapping, rapes, and enslavement of millions of black people for hundreds of years. He thought that as long as white people and black people lived together, white people would have the power while black people would always beg for housing, food, and money. In his lifetime, he’d never seen a situation where someone black wasn’t begging for the “table scraps” off of a white person’s table. He felt that they were only given what white people didn’t want. In addition, he didn’t like the idea of integration
Malcolm X had a very difficult and hard upbringing and all those things most likely lead to his activist lifestyle. Regardless of the Little’s efforts to elude the Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground (MalcolmX.com). Two years later, Earl’s body was found lying across the town’s trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible (MalcolmX.com). At a young age Malcolm was attacked and abused by white supremacist for his skin color and who he was. In 1946, he was arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years (MalcolmX.com). By the time he was paroled in 1952,
Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha Nebraska. At the age of six his father died. Malcolm family 's believed that white people murdered him.
During the civil rights movement of the 1950’s, there were three general attitudes about black rights that became prevalent in the African-American communities, the ideas presented by Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, and the ideas of the Black Panthers. Summed up short, Martin Luther King based all of his ideas on his “I Have A Dream Speech,” and the ideas of peace, from Mahatma Gandhi. While MLK Jr. supported the ideas of peace, Malcolm X and the Black Panthers both took opposite approaches- they believed their protests must be done with force. The ideas of the three are all different in their view points toward gaining civil rights for the African-American population of the United States.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended all state and local laws involving segregation. It has only been 54 years since segregation in the United states was legal. Until about 50 years ago the laws did not protect everyone as a whole; black and white people were not considered equal and were separated from each other. This included racial segregation in schools, restaurants, cafes, bathrooms, hotels/motels, on buses and trains. The modern Civil Rights movement began in the 1950s when Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white man on a segregated bus. During this time, African-Americans began to protest, boycott, and march against racial segregation. The Freedom Rides campaign was meant to test segregation in interstate transportation. African-Americans would boycott city buses amd protest against public schools urging integration. American Civil Rights activists like Diane Nash, James Farmer, Jo Ann