Today the US government has a legislative branch, an executive branch (commander in chief), and a judicial branch. Each branch doesn’t have more control than the other nor does it full power. Based on James Madison, “...Liberty requires that the three great departments of power should be separate and distinct.” The legislative branch is responsible for making laws, controlling money, raising an army, impeach(fire) the commander in chief, declare wars, etc. The second branch, the executive branch is also known as the president. The president is responsible to grant pardons to criminals, make treaties, enforce laws, be in charge of the country’s army/navy, appoint federal judges, etc.
Have you ever wondered why we aren’t ruled by single tyrant? A tyrant is one individual who holds all the power over a group of people. The question this essay will answer is how did the constitution protect against one person or group of people from having too much power. The constitution guards against tyranny through federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, and big states vs. small states. The constitution guards against tyranny through federalism.
The reason why I think the constitution should be ratified because of the separation of powers. All the branches had more than one job to do. The legislative(congress) writes the laws, confirms presidential appointments. The Executive(president) proposes laws, administers the laws and appoints ambassadors and other officials. Last the Judicial(supreme court) Interpret the constitution and other laws and reviews lower-court decisions.
The Westminster system of government comprises of a democratically elected lower house. After the executive members the head of government is the prime minister. The next system that falls in place is the opposition which is led by the leader of the party or the parties with the second largest number of seats in the lower house. It follows that in the British system the prime minister and the cabinets are fully in charge of Parliament. They are responsible, as the guiding committee of Parliament, for the preparation and enactment of most legislation and of the budget.
Each branch of the government needs to carefully make the right decisions as they are ultimately representing the country and the people as a whole. Article I of the Confederation is about the Legislative Branch, its purpose is to make laws that would help our country. The Legislative Branch can print money, raise an army, declare war, and control commerce, it is also the only Branch of Government that can create new laws or change existing laws. The Legislative Branch is split into two houses: the Senate and the House of
As the founders were creating the Constitution, they feared a central government too weak but also one that was too strong. So the founders deliberately designed each branch of the government to have separate powers and the authority to check each other. The Legislative branch has the power to pass a federal law, impeach the President, override a Presidential veto, and creates
The Executive Branch in Malaysia made law by the parliment by Parliament. Each part of the Executive has its own role to handle. It also held responsibility for the government administrative system, it has the authority to adjourn and dissolve the legislature. In the federal government, the Executive consists of conference of rulers, Yang di-PertuanAgong (YDPA), Prime Minister, Cabinet, Public Services. The Conference of Rulers is made up of the nine Rulers and the four Yang di-PertuaNegeri (Governors) of the States which do not have Rulers.
The main problem in my opinion is that the Constitution wasn’t written clearly and the people in power in the government interpreted it different ways, some using it as defense for the powers of government and some using it to limit government’s power. This lead to the politicians having debate and disagreeing on certain ideas. After lots of debate, eventually two sides are going to form, and instead of working together to find a common solution, the politicians decided to go ahead and form two different groups. The whole system of political parties goes against unity in the government. 3.
In the executive branch there is a president in charge of choosing Cabinet members and checks the powers of the other 2 branches. He also conduits foreign affairs and creates and approves laws in the government. The judicial branch interprets the laws on the Constitution, whenever there is a conflict about the laws of the land, the Supreme Court decides whether or not the laws coincides with the
Parliamentarism, or a parliamentary government, is defined “as a system of government in which the executive, the government, is chosen by and is responsible to…the legislature.” (Gerring, Thacker and Moreno, 2005, p. 15) With this form of governmental control, many advantages and disadvantages arise, especially when this system is compared to the likes of ‘Presidential systems’ or even that of ‘Semi-presidential systems’. However, my aim within this essay is to, both, highlight to advantages of parliamentarism, and to also give my opinion as to why this system is better when compared and contrasted with the aforementioned systems. According to Hague and Harrop (2007, p. 336), there are three different branches relating to the parliamentary system. Firstly, the legislature and the executive are “originally linked”. Secondly, the parliamentary executives, the cabinet minister and the Prime Minister, share responsibilities.