The Roman Empire: The Success Of The Roman Empire

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The Roman Empire was a powerful and has affected the world we live in today, but it was not always successful. The Roman Empire was at its greatest extent at the death of Emperor Trajan in 117 AD, when it included all the lands around the Mediterranean and extended to Britain, the Black Sea, and Mesopotamia.i At the Battle of Adrianople in 378 AD, the Eastern Emperor Valens was defeated and many historians agree that this marks the beginning of the end of the Roman Empire. ii “But the decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness. Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the causes of destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest; and, as soon as time or accident had removed the artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight.”iii The Roman Empire was vast in size which extended from the British Isles to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and into Africa.iv Having such a large Empire was proving to be diffucult to rule, so the Roman Emperor, Diocletian, came up with a solution. Diocletian split the Roman Empire in two, forming the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire. The division of the Empire made it easier to govern in the short term, but over time the East and West drifted apart. The Eastern and Western Empires failed to work together to combat threats, and the both Empires regularely fought over resources and military aid. By 500, the Roman Empire in the west had ceased to exist but

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