The Romanticism And John Keats And The Romantic Movement

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The “Romanticism” or the “Romantic Movement” was not only an artistic, but also a musical and literary movement that occurred between the 18th and the 19th century and has its origins in Europe. The Romantic Movement can be considered as a reaction or a response to the Age of Enlightenment and has as an essential characteristic the “emphasis on feeling” . This means that the literature of this movement was marked by a language and by themes that were related to human feelings, the connection with natural elements and, of course, love. Additionally, this movement brought forth new ways of writing about the mentioned topics (human feelings, nature and love) and also a conception in which, according to Auden and Pearson, “the divine element in man is now held to be neither power, nor free will nor reason, but self-consciousness” (1978, p. xii). In the course of the Romanticism, many famous English poets emerged, as for example, William Blake, William Wordsworth and Percy Bysshe Shelley. Among these remarkable Romantic poets, we can also mention, without doubt, John Keats - who belongs to the second generation of Romantic poets. John Keats was born in London, on October 31 of 1795. He was son of a livery-stable keeper, Thomas Keats, and a housewife, Frances Jennings Keats. Due to his parent’s death when he was only a child, Keats was raised by his maternal grandmother and had his first education (since he was eight) at the Enfield Academy, in London. When he was fifteen
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