The question “why bad things happening to good people” still cannot be answered for the nonbelievers, a common critique of religion itself. Regardless of the problem of theodicy, however, religion has worked really well to create and maintain the reality. Berger explains that it is because religion legitimates effectively. “Religion has been the historically most widespread and effective instrumentality of legitimation…. it relates the precarious reality constructions of empirical societies with ultimate reality.”
‘Dynamism’ is the medieval view that God is the driving, animating force within all matter. However in the modern day, dynamism is an almost nonexistent view of God and the world. Religion and the soul are now matters of faith and faith only, not the matters of reality. This view of Christianity was built upon a major progression in human thinking - individualism. For a good part of human history (especially the medieval times), people counted on authority and tradition to decide their beliefs, views, and morals; Religion being a hugely-focused on truth in society.
Some might argue that morality is inessential for the growth of an individual 's morality, but when one considers religion as a guide to morality, the argument for the importance of religion in morality becomes more clear. To represent this statement, Broom argued, “religions are essentially structures underpinning morality” (Broom “The Evolution”). Along those same lines Reagan provides that “And as morality 's foundation is religion ...We need religion as a guide; we need it because we are imperfect” (Reagan 10). Opposing these ideas, Nietzsche describes that “the practice of the church is hostile to life” (Nietzsche 348). Both Broom and Reagan’s
He thought this because he believed it involved that the elect that salvation that the elect could get could also be gained by the non elect person as a result of their own effort to salvation. Which I believe from my religion to not be true. I believe that anyone has the open and free will to receive salvation it's not only given to a specific group of people. But Calvin did not believe this to be true he believed that the reprobate are the people that God intentionally chooses to neglect, I don't believe that God neglects anyone that does not neglect him. John Calvin believed firmly in election and predestination and he backed his beliefs with biblical statements.
This is an extremely worrying scenario. So we can certainly say that the negative influence of religion has not waned. So does religion divide or unite? It’s a question of the ages. Religion is supposed to create a sense of community and it has done so.
By the end it is made prevalent that we as a human race need to accept out fate, but as well as put work towards it. The author discusses how a worldview of these religious connections makes being alive an instinctive feeling. This source could be used to appeal to the reader’s moral interpretation of how reality works. It shows how the Pauline theology is combined with Christianity. These theories are made because they are very important in decoding dicks thoughts and reasoning’s.
Durkheim’s “science” focused on the moral effects of religion on real life social behaviour, and extended this to the philosophical and even psychological realm as he studied group religious behaviour but it is clear the Weber focused on the effects of religion on the economics aspects of life and the historical development of economic systems. Durkheim argued that repetitive religious ritual had a “conditioning” effect on the individual, which made the individual feel part of the group and behave in ways conducive to the survival of the group. As a result religion created the moral basic of society and held society together on a fundamental level. Weber’s theories of religion were more contextual, as he analyzed all of the world religions, from Judaism through Islam, whereas Durkheim’s theories were sweeping and more general to mankind as a whole and were primarily based on the study of the Totemism of early Australian Aboriginal religion. He believed that the study of early religious behaviour provided the key to its social
However, these communities were inclusive to only those who believed what they did. Many failed because there was lack of law and order. In Document B, Charles G. Finney that “the salvation of sinners will follow, going through the same stages of conviction, repentance, and reformation.” He claims that putting religion upon assumed “sinners” would break down and change their wicked hearts, turning them into righteous beings instead. Evangelicalism bored through the country, uniting believers in the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Many believed their idea was the right one, leading to opposition between branches of the church.
If they have a too much humanistic view such Classical Liberalism did, we can consider them as a heresy or consider their theology bad theology. However, in this case, it seems quite different. In a case of Saltmarsh, it is hard to say that their faith is not Christ centered. This book is not enough to understand Antinomians’ core motivation of their thinking, but they seem to incline toward the saving work of Christ heavily. They may surely love Christ, but in spite of their sincere love, Christological apologies of Mark Jones look to be certainly reasonable and irrefutable.
Only in the warm glow of God’s compassion could we air our disappointed ambitions, our unfulfilled frustrations and our heaviest sorrows. Religion may well have been a deep illusion but it was an important one. In today’s world of belligerent capitalism we need a loving, unjudging institution which evokes our better nature – our humanity. To build kind, secular civilizations in our own time we must never forget the purposes of religion – to offer us answers not necessarily to the hard physical world around us but to our spiritual selves, to offer us comradeship in the face of a climate of competition and, most importantly, to offer us fulfilment of our own moral
His 95 theses which propounded two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deed was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been advanced before, Martin Luther codified them at them at the moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by the Luther’s ideas. Luther’s writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church.