We are told that even when she was a baby she was attracted to the scarlet letter. “ As an infant, Pearl grasped at the letter. As a child, Pearl wild flowers at the letter.”(Hawthorne 61). It is also important to note that the “A” is the only way that the colonists choose to crime and punishment to the criminals in the society. She symbolizes evil in the sense that she is born through sin and therefore she represents the punishment that God inflicts on Hester's adulterous act.
Settled in the cruel and repressive Puritan society, “The Scarlet Letter” is a story about a punishment of a horrible and unforgivable sin, the sin of love, committed by two lovers and their sufferings for tasting the ”forbidden fruit”. In the very heart of the novel the main theme that has being presented and observed is the sin itself. Hester and Dimmesdale’s sin is very closely connected to the “original “sin, because they are both forbidden and result in knowledge of what is it like to be a human being. While Adam and Eve gain the ability of knowing right from wrong and are expelled from Eden because of that, Hester and Dimmesdale taste the fruit of love and both suffer for that, but only Hester is the expelled one and the outcast. The
At Gateshead, Jane sees religion used as a justification for unfair treatment. Mrs. Reed slanders Jane as Mr. Brocklehurst first inquires Jane. Upon Mr. Brocklehurst asking if Jane is a good child, Mrs. Reed interrupts by saying “Perhaps the less said on that subject the better” (Bronte 28), implying Jane is not a good child. That along with Mr. Brocklehurst’s claims that Jane has a “wicked heart” (Bronte 29) for not enjoying the entirety of the Bible, leads to Jane’s resentment towards injustice due part on the false use of religion. At Lowood, Jane observes varied uses of religion.
Individually the symbols offer a well-developed message; however, the multiple meanings contradict, because the different meanings mean opposite ideas. For example, Hester will forever be seen as an adulterer and a steward. These are two opposite concepts, especially in Puritan Society, because a steward helps and an adulterer sins. As the scarlet letter changes through the novel, the symbol contradicts Hester's image and her role in society. Hester is scarred with her sin and the punishment from the Puritans.
In a work of literary genius full of sarcasm and satire, Voltaire expresses his disapproval towards the Old Regime in a condemnatory yet playful tone during a period referred to as the Enlightenment. Voltaire's Candide presents seditious contemplation of the dimensions of social hierarchy. The most ubiquitous argument bestowed in this novel is Voltaire's rejection of the tyranny the church displayed through religious intolerance. Both secular and religious leaders alike immediately denounced the rebellious book and its author, but that did not stop its effects. In his now world-renowned novel, Voltaire articulates his powerful opposition to religious sectarianism, assists in implementing these revolutionary ideas into the minds of the oppressed,
Edward C. Sampson’s article, “Motivation in The Scarlet Letter” is a rebuttal against a past articles about the motivation behind Dimmesdale’s confession in the final scenes of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter. Other critics- one of which includes Anne McNamara argue that Pearl is the sole cause of Dimmesdale 's confession of sins, which Sampson highly disagrees with. He strongly believes that it is Dimmesdale himself who causes his own confession and if any outside force is at fault it would be Hester, certainly not Pearl. Rather than Peals actions, it was Dimmesdale’s “sense of what is right and his feelings of guilt,” says Sampson, that provided a powerful motivation for confession. According to Sampson, it was also the dramatic revelation
This one-sided story by the narrator, Montresor, leads to a suspenseful conclusion not only that Fortunato’s insults perhaps are minor, but also that Fortunato may not recognize the issues at all. This lack of evidence and unrealistic friendship lead readers to believe that Fortunato does not deserve to be buried alive. Montresor could be just a sadistic character who wants to murder his enemy for
However, he might have turned out this way because of the way the he was mistreated and discriminated against. In this scene, he rants about how the Christians have wronged the Jews even though they are all humans, and how we will hence behave as villanious as they have. The fact that the Christians have not treated Shylock
Reverend Dimmesdale suffers a greater punishment than Hester by experiencing recurring guilt, physical harm, and Chillingworth’s obsessive need to achieve revenge. As a devout Puritan minister, Dimmesdale preaches against sin. Yet, Dimmesdale contradicts his preaching and has an affair with Hester, a married woman. The novel begins with Hester standing on a scaffold for public shaming. The Puritans use Hester as an example of what will happen if one commits adultery.
More important than its meaning is the letter’s connection to the mark of the Black Man. The letter is a symbol of Hester’s sin, a mark telling society to stay away because of the awful evil she has committed. However, this letter A is also the mark of the Black Man. According to the “old dame[,] … [the] scarlet letter was the Black Man’s mark,” (277-278) , a symbol of one’s allegiance to the powers of evil. Hawthorne purposefully instills this connection, and forces the reader to more closely at the parallel.
That which is inhuman, cannot be divine!” (19). The “American religion” was used as “a thin vail to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages” (20) and their “prayers and hymns, your sermon and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade, and solemnity, are mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety and hypocrisy” (20). Hence, Douglass purpose was not to primarily motive to can “American religion” a lie was to emphasize the “national inconsistencies” and bring up change. Douglass also uses the same method when stating that “it [the Constitution] will be found to contain principles and purposes, entirely hostile to the existence of slavery” (38). Indeed, not even their own constitution approved the idea of slavery.
Although Hester’s sin is different than Adam and Eve’s, the Puritan community still took action to her sin and punishes her by making her wear the letter A on her chest showing everyone that she had committed adultery and was unable to follow the 6th commandment (Thou shalt not commit adultery) in the Bible. “Along with that meaning came a fixed judgement of good or evil. But their view of meaning is shown up as native at the outset of the story, for that moment that the rake begins, that supposedly immutable meaning has already been undermined by Hester’s artistic and beautiful interpretation of the letter” (86). Although people view hester’s letter as a bad symbol, Hester is not afraid of what she has done. She gave birth to her wonderful child,