Higher quality products allow for a higher sense of value provided to the customer. Then, companies can charge a higher price because of that. Whereas, from the quality as reliability perspective, customers want a product that performs as it was intended and can last. The product or service has to appeal to the customer and make them want your product over another. Companies will be more profitable because their products are more reliable, then they will have less defected products.
Risks associated with the reward system that employees must be prepared to accept in the package are reducing of income and allowances, tax implications that are potentially costly with the incentive pay and last but not least overstated availability of incentive pay during designing of reward system and earning less at the end of the reward period due to budget constraint. Incentive pay should fully replace traditional pay. Incentive pay is awarded based on the unit or group to which an individual belongs in reaching a set goal. The reason why incentive pay should replace traditional pay is incentives pay utilizes the strategy in an attempt to increase teamwork and promote flexibility, while also boosting productivity and openly communicating shared vision, performance expectations and success.With reference to traditional pay itonly supports command and control management and traditional job hierarchies with highly structured design with little room for
The steeper the curve represents faster and easier learning, the flatter the curve represents slower and more difficult learning. The graph shows that the individual will get better as they attempt to repeat the activity. The learning curve is important to business when they hire and train new employees, it allows the business to increase their production efficiently, it allows them to budget and forecast their future costs. The learning curve theory suggests that it takes less effort and time for an individual to do something in repetition. For the learning to be efficient then the individual needs to be interested and motivated in the thing being taught.
There is a concession to this argument that a more customer centric employee will be able to better serve the customer in a shorter time frame and actually offset the cost of the training by being able to serve more customers in a shorter time period. If this is the case for EMC, then the customer centric business model will generate a good ROI over the long run despite their complex product offering. 3. How is the way customers buy in the age of social media changing? Do you think that “high tech” can replace “high touch”?
Research and development for the half pallet provides information about the interest in and design desired for the company to act on but those efforts will be fruitless without proper manufacturing processes. Analyzing likely production output, cycle times, potential delays and facility layout will help to improve the manufacturing process and efficiency to an end of increasing company profit, due to reduced cost, and customer value. Cycle Time and Meeting Customer Demand Introducing a pallet into the pooled industry will initially require a much higher cycle time until the fleet is adequate to meet demand. After equilibrium between demand and fleet availability is reached, those pallets coming back from retailers will be remanufactured requiring only damaged components to be replaced and reducing production cycle time greatly. During the initial manufacturing stage it is necessary to consider the total number of pallets likely needed to meet demand.
• By building economies of scale so that it can lower the fixed cost per unit. • Building capacities and spending money on research and development. New entrants are less likely to enter a dynamic industry where the established players such as Twitter, Inc. keep defining the standards regularly. It significantly reduces the window of extraordinary profits for the new firms thus discourage new players in the industry. Bargaining Power of
Reduce lead times: It can be achieved by either actually reducing the lead times or by encouraging the retailers to place their orders in advance. The pre-order of the raw materials (fabric) by Obersport would also help Obermeyer since this would reduce the lead-times of acquiring this fabric during periods of unexpected jump in demand. If the whole process from delivering raw material to finished goods can be completed in a shorter period of time, the company would be able to produce at a time when demand can be forecasted at almost 100% accuracy. The disadvantage of this method is that it would create additional costs of getting raw materials quicker and shipping finished goods at a faster speed and higher cost but it would reduce sunk cost from excess inventory and increase the market share due to
If there is plenty of time, a lasting change in the right direction is best for gradual change. It is important to think that taking the necessary measures, such as timely management, is not an initiative to reduce inventories, but a reduction in inventories is a result of some of the methods that have successfully implemented JIT, including improved product flow and demand pull. Therefore, it is very important to instil the right ideas to your employees. Secondly, JIT implemented is to keep the cycle time of the material planning system intact while shortening the actual production cycle. The effect is to move the stock back from the factory floor to the warehouse.
Many companies respond to risks that have a low impact in supply chains and tend to overlook the high-impact and low-likelihood risks (Chopra & Sodhi, 2004). An understanding needs to be obtained by managers between the connection and variety of the supply chain risks to develop an effective risk response strategy. Hauser (2003) recommends that due to today’s complex environment, adjusting and understanding risk will result in an improvement in financial performance and competitive advantage for an organisation. Hise (1995) states that the objective of supply chains is profit maximisation by finding a balance between productivity (efficiency) and profitability (effectiveness) (Mentzer & Firman, 1994) to shift raw material and products between countries in a timely manner ( Bowersox & Calantone, 1998a) resulting in profitability of supply chains as a whole ( Manuj & Mentzer, 2008). Managers need to consider the different factors that create uncertainties and risks as a global supply chain have numerous delay points, greater uncertainties, and hence the need for greater coordination, communication and monitoring (Manuj & Mentzer,