The Second Great Awakening

820 Words4 Pages
“Independence, free will, and personal effort are considered primary virtues that contribute not only to personal achievement but also to the success and well-being of the nation.” This quote, stated by Charles Finney, means that people must be able to choose for themselves and make their own decisions in order for the country to become better than it is. The Second Great Awakening began for several different reasons, consisted of many different church revivals and leaders, and ultimately had a lasting impact for several more years after the end of the Second Great Awakening. There were several different factors that led up to the Second Great Awakening. Some such factors are listed by Richard Kaplan in his article titled, The Second Great…show more content…
Richard Kaplan also said, “the theological belief in the potential mutability, indeed perfectibility, of people also encouraged a reforming attitude toward social institutions. Humanity and earthly society were not inherently sinful and, thus, could and should be reformed.” With the new quantity of religious people, the belief that there should no longer be sinful or unjust things grew tremendously. With this belief, people began to believe that things that needed to be reformed, should be reformed. The Second Great Awakening sparked a nationwide wave of reform movements that had a huge impact on American society throughout the 19th century. (American Government) To list in detail some of the many social reforms that were fought for during this time period, and the reasoning behind them, Richard Kaplan also writes, “The religious leaders in that time period believed that the evils of alcohol could result in a decrease in work productivity and lead to additional vices, including gambling and prostitution. By the 1830s, the context was ripe for abolitionism and women 's rights. The New England abolitionist and editor of The Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison, did much to publicize the evils of slavery so the public could understand the cruelty the slaves had to deal with every…show more content…
The Second Great Awakening also consisted of the growth of many churches in the United States and increased the percentage of religious people by a lot. The second great awakening influenced several social reforms that took place later and helped change our country into what it is today. The Second Great Awakening definitely expanded the number of active church members and affected the United States in many ways later in its
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