Both the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening encouraged Americans and colonists to question the validity of those that held powerful positions, thus causing conflict. The Great Awakening had a major impact on different religious associations. Although there were certain denominations that were focused on more than others, there was still strife between the rationalists and the evangelists. During this time people had doubts about the relationship between the church and state because of the fear that the government would interfere with religion. The Enlightenment on the other hand was not an attempt at overthrowing religion, however it was lenient to multiple types of religious beliefs. Colonists were generally more accepting during this time because a wide
Enlightenment and Great Awakening In America, as the society aged, it was influenced by two cultural phenomena. One was based on intellectual while the other was religion. As the 1700s advanced, American treasure improved, the wealthy spend their money on books. They were exposed to new ideas coming from Europe. On the other hand, the Great Awakening appealed to the less wealthy because it was for people’s emotions.
The Second Great Awakening urged reform in the United States. The document also conveys the ability to change human behavior and society through religion with much of an emphasis on free will, salvation, equality. This document also conveyed the importance put on emotion and feelings. The author jumps to conclusions, however about the types of people who need saving. This document mainly
During this tour, Jonathan Edwards said a sermon called, ¨Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.” This lecture started a wave of religious fervor and began the Great Awakening. The Great Awakening caused a revolutionary movement in many ways. For example, it made it mandatory for Awakeners to mobilize, petition, organize, and it gave them political experience.
‘The Liberator’ Recently after leaving the society, Garrison created his own paper, 'The Liberator' along with Isaac Knapp, which told stories of runaway slaves, and informed the public of the cruelty of slavery and was mainly responsible for the reputation of Garrison as an Abolitionist. Its motto read "Our country is the world - our countrymen are mankind" (Ref. 4). A poem published in its first issue, on Saturday Source 2: Vol. 1, Issue 1 of ‘The Liberator’ January 1, 1831, stated; published by Garrison and Knapp (Ref. 2)
The shift in thinking from the enlightenment sparked a change in thinking about religion in colonial America. The Great Awakening was a revitalization movement that ran across parts of Europe and the colonies in America. Because of the enlightenment people weren’t as religious as they used to be but during and after the Great Awakening people became more and more religious because of the different methods used by the preachers. Preachers used more emotion to deliver their sermons which made it more appealing to the people, George Whitefield being one of the most famous for this. The Great Awakening in a way unified the colonies, because it affected almost everyone in the country it brought together a sense of unity even though different types of christianity were formed due to the great Awakening.
Besides English settlers there were numerous other representatives of the European countries settling in the new land. And as the Puritans came to practice their own believes so did other nationalities, as explained in the study material. In my own interpretation America represents change and the believe system as well as the way religion was previously practiced was now changing. This change was greatly influenced by the intellectual movement called Enlightenment, which started in Europe and this influence had bearing on the Great Awakening. Besides Puritans now there were Catholics in Maryland, Quakers in Pennsylvania and the Episcopal Church in the southern states. Just as new economic opportunities started to develop there was no longer a need for the strict rules of Theocracy and many of the new religious branches embraced the idea that not only the select few predestined by God are worthy of saving.
The Great Awakening and Enlightenment were two very different cultural phenomena that happened during the 1700s but they both had a similar effect on colonial society. The Enlightenment was based on reason, science, rationality and progress. Benjamin Franklin, an Enlightenment thinker from Pennsylvania, believed that science could benefit society. Other Enlightenment thinkers had rational views of God and viewed him as a clockmaker that controlled the universe. This clashed with religious people that were influenced by the Great Awakening. This was a religious movement that appealed to people’s emotions and cut through social, economic and educational lines. Jonathan Edwards was a charismatic follower of the Great Awakening but he scared people
The Second Great Awakening was extremely influential in shifting the minds towards reform in people across America. The mentality of the people at this time was closed minded and had acceoted their way of living. Among other factors, Charles Finney played and important role in the success of the Second Great Awakening. “Much of the impulse towards reform was rooted in the revivals of the broad religious movement that swept the Untied States after 1790.” Revivals during the Second Great Awakening awakened the faith of people during the 1790s with emotional preaching and strategic actions from Charles Finney and many other influential preachers, which later helped influence the reforms of the mid-1800s throughout America.
The Second Great Awakening, beginning in about 1790, influenced a reform movement that encouraged mandatory, free, public education. In 1805, the New York Public School Society was created by wealthy businessmen and was intended to provide education for poor children. In 1817, a town meeting in Boston, Massachusetts called for establishment of free public primary schools. Many wage earners opposed this proposal. Josiah Quincy, mayor of Boston, supported the idea that education should be a priority by saying, “(By) 1820, an English classical school is established, having for its object to enable the mercantile and mechanical classes to obtain an education adapted for those children whom their parents wished to qualify for active life, and thus
The Enlightenment was a movement that shunned superstition and was more in favor with a scientific explanation of the world. The Enlightenment was also known as the Age of Reason or Age of Enlightenment. It started in Europe and America around the 17th and 18th centuries. The Enlightenment was about people who used their critical thinking skills to argue knowledge, education, politics, religion, and art. The enlightenment produced an increased number of inventions, books, scientific findings, political laws, and revolutions.
In Kate Chopin 's novel The Awakening and the short story “The Story of An Hour” feminist beliefs overshadow the value in moral and societal expectations during the turn of the century. Due to Louise Mallard and Edna Pontellier Victorian life style they both see separating from their husband as the beginning of their freedom. Being free from that culture allows them to invest in their personal interest instead of being limited to what 's expected of them. Chopin 's sacrifices her own dignity for the ideal of society’s expectations. Chopin 's sad, mysterious tone seems to support how in their era, there was a significant lack of women 's rights and freedom of expression.
The Second Great Awakening affected society in a both harsh way and also positive way. It affected the society in a positive way because of all the movements that started. An example of one of the movements can be Women’s Movement which helped women basically get more rights in terms of them living their own life. The women did this because they wanted to be equal with the men since men could own property and vote but on the other hand there were the women who couldn 't do any of those tasks. There was also the Temperance Movement which helped drunks drink less alcohol since the movement lessened the amount of alcohol available in the U.S. The Second Great Awakening also helped slaves since during that time period there were people that actually
Abolitionists demanded the emancipation of all slaves, as well as racial equality in America. The movement was led by freed black slaves such as Frederick Douglass and white advocates like Elizabeth Cady Stanton. One of the most significant leaders in the movement was William Lloyd Garrison, who began publishing a weekly paper called the Liberator which advocated for the total abolition of slavery in America. Many abolitionists argued that owning slaves was a sin and therefore a direct crime against God. A religious anti-slavery advocate said, "Is life so dear or peace so sweet as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?
This movement was led by the author of the Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison. He created “The Liberator” as his way of spreading anti-slavery. By 1820, this had caused an uprising of the southerners. The southerners began to violently protest. Another important individual of the anti-slavery movement was Harriet Tubman.