However, as corporations start to expand their business and operate multinationally, they must rethink that parameters of their moral responsibility. As Wettstein stated, “corporations may become complicit in human rights violations although they are not doing anything wrong in a conventional sense or engaging in any unlawful conduct” (Wettstein, 37). Corporate complicity generally implies that the corporation(s) at hand are actively aiding and abetting in the violation of human rights, whereas silent complicity implies the fact that corporations are aware that human right are being violated, however, they choose not to protect or assist the victims (Wettstein, 40). In Wettstein’s perspective, when aware of a human rights violation occurring, corporations should be obligated to step in and influence the government on certain human rights policies, only if a corporation is influential enough and has the resources. Thus, Wettstein combines both stated active and passive duties above and deems that a corporation is being silently complicit towards human rights violations when it fails to speak out and protect the victims, and if that failure to speak out implies a legitimization and implicit endorsement of the
The media elite As we have already concluded that the media do not occur by themselves, remains to accept that global elite create media. The concentration of power necessarily includes the concentration of media ownership, because it allows the manipulative use of media in order to provide power in society or group. The effects on media audiences is becoming a privilege of the elite that control the media manage to sell their ideas, opinions and attitudes. This action favors the elite difficulty getting around and inexperience "average" person in communication processes. In this way the elite affects the public, which imperceptibly lead to the desired and planned responses.
The News, considered this courts’ action as not valid. All in all case reached the Supreme Court. Governments’ representer was saying that information must have remained secret, The News claimed that such action directly abused their Freedom Of Speech rights. The Supreme Court decided that the prior decision that was made was not valid because it abused Freedom Of Speech rights. The News won the case.
Globalization is important process for capitalism societies. Sovereignty as it comes from state own dominance, besides the state dominance of sovereinty, there is sovereignty of the society. The concept of NGOs and INGOs , they are important for sovereignty and the process of globalization. NGO means Non-Governmental Organization such as TGV, LÖSEV in Turkey and INGO means International Non-Governmental Organization such as Greenpeace. In Turkey after the earthquake from 1999, people saw the helplessness of the state and they start to found NGOs.
Thus, in addition to transparency, the concept of accountability highlights that organizational stakeholders have the right to judge a firm's actions and omissions and hold the firm responsible for those actions or omissions (Gilbert, Rasche, Waddock, 2011). As Roberts and Scapens (1985: 447) define, accountability is an account-giving relationship between individuals and firms, or “the giving and demanding of reasons for conduct”. Thus, transparency (as a free flow of information) and accountability (as the account-giving relationship to stake-holders, especially the citizens) are necessary to fight corruption. However, several authors have argued that public control is insufficient. For example, Amitai Etzioni stressed that most citizens do not have the skills, time, or energy to follow public affairs, with the result “that transparency
Most important source of the public about political selections and elections is usually media If media is biased then it can be effect the result and change the views of public. We cannot neglect the role of media in democratic process though it play a significant role in shaping views of educated viewers but the least educated viewers are least influenced by media. In an election Campaign, the most important role of media is to alert and well-informed the public about their choices, telling the public about political parties manifesto and their strategies to influence the voters and observed that the elections that are going to be held will be free and fair. People want to know about party’s political history, party plan and party leader’s (Howard, 2004,
The role of media in shaping public opinion related to the technique of setting the agenda in reporting the news. Where agenda setting is a theory that explains the role of the mass media as an instrument in support of government policy (Dedi Permadi: 2009). The mass media also influence and considerable strength. It is seen from the symbiotic relationship between the media and the American government Union. The media need news and information about the United States so that the function and role of the mass media will be implemented as it should, while the United States government requires the mass media as a means to publish or to post information and news or to interests in the political, economic, social, and more.
Freedom of speech and press should achieve the ideal goal from the government and the intervention from the strength groups. In Malaysia Constitution which is Federal Constitution was listed down the freedom of speech but there are others limit that we need to follow including Sedition Act of 1948, the Internal Security Act of 1960, Printing Presses and Publication Act of 1984 and more. Defamation laws affect the work of journalists in Malaysia apparently. The defamation laws just play a role to suppress the freedom of speech, ruling party are holding the ownership and the right to control it. (TengSS, 2010) Once the government has the right to control the media, the freedom of speech and expression is lost and the beginning of dictatorship.
Vuyo Shongwe Assignment Essay Intro Draft The concept of transformative constitutionalism supports the notion of the Constitution of Republic of South Africa 1996 as a transformative document, in terms of which the lives of everyday citizens are sought to be improved through the creation of suitable create living conditions for ‘everyone’ residing within South Africa. The Constitution of Republic of South Africa contains the Bills of Rights which codifies fundamental human rights and lays out, in broad terms, what the government has to do in order to accomplish social and economic transformation. Pius Langa , former Chief Justice emphasized that the concept of transformative constitutionalism “is a permanent ideal which embraces openness
In liberal democracy, the media facilitates the public discourse, informs the public, represents the public and acts as a watchdog of the branches of government. Analysts highlight the role of the media in the support of true democratic society. As a watchdog in the political world, the media has the task of criticizing decision-makers in society. Journalists can fulfill this task only if they are independent. On the other hand, dependence on powerful structures and financial resources can handicap the media's ability to be an effective watchdog in political life.