The settlers started to want Indian land and their previous slaves back as well. With conflicts and confrontations, comes war. Three wars occurred against the United States involving the Seminole Indians in Florida. The Seminole Wars turned out to be “America’s Longest Indian Conflict” as the wars happened over a 40 year time span. “The first was a punitive excursion led by Andrew Jackson.
By the late 19th century, when over half a million Africans were enslaved in the South, the southern Native American societies of that region had come to include both enslaved Blacks and small numbers of free Black people. Many runaway slaves would find their way into the camps of the Cherokees. There, they were safe from capture and being returned back to white slavery. The Cherokee would sometimes aided runaways, kept them for themselves as servitudes, or adopted them. After the American Civil War (1865), the Cherokee nation concluded a new treaty with the US, granting freedom and Cherokee citizenship to Negro slaves living among the tribe.
[Doc. 7 ] This lead to the ratification of 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment protects the right to vote of the emancipated slaves as it says on the document, “the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race, color, or previous condition.” The aftermath of civil war, resulted with good economical changes.
Although many attempts were made to prioritize freedom and equality for all, these values were undermined by racist Southerners who wouldn’t accept equality. In the end, Reconstruction had failed and former slaves endured another hardship akin to slavery. However, Reconstruction still could have prospered. There are multiple events that, if they had occurred, Reconstruction would not have failed. For example, had the government continued to fund the Freedmen’s Bureau, then the South would have legislated their discriminatory laws much later, if not at all.
The Cherokee tribe even took action against the government, taking the removal to the court systems. Cherokee tribe vs. Georgia, went all the way to the supreme court who ruled in favor of the Indians; however, the state of georgia ignored the court ruling and went forward with the removal. Another tribe, the seminoles, tried resisting through guerrilla warfare, but unfortunately failed. The removal lead to one of the most remembered events in American history, The Trail of Tears. The trail went through nine states, and claimed an estimated 15,000 lives out of some 100,000 tribal members that were forced west (“Five Civilized Tribes”).
Have you ever heard of the Antebellum South? The Antebellum South was how the life was like in the South of United States before the Civil War started but it was after the War of 1812. It can also be known as the Old South since this period was before the Civil War. The Antebellum Period was basically about how slaves were living in harsh/violent conditions in the South during the late 18th century. It occurred between the years of 1812-1860.
This impacted the slave communities culture by changing their cultural constructs. "Africans and Indians fought with each other, claimed to be each other, and allied together for common goals" (Document 9) This document proves that trans-Atlantic slave trade inflicted a new culture upon African slaves, also know as the maroon community. The maroon community was made up of ex-slaves or runaways. By being apart of this community, it gave them a new outlook on them being away from their previous home.
Carpetbaggers were northerners that went South to help Reconstruction efforts and freedmen. The Scalawags were Southern whites who supported Reconstruction. Radical Republicans were congressmen that supported African-American citizenship and punishment for former confederates. The KKK (Ku Klux Klan) didn't like the former slaves freedom or Reconstruction. The North put the army in the South to hold elections for new state governments and protect the freedmen.
John Brown could sit next to William Lloyd because they both were abolitionists, Lloyd was a journalist though that generally agree with Brown’s activist ways. William Lloyd and Thomas Paine could sit next to each other because they both believed in the equal rights of the people, Lloyd was more about blacks to be free but Paine was for Americans to be free from the English. Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson both wanted the American people to be free, Paine had wrote the booklet to influence people on the reasons why, while Jefferson wrote the Declaration of
Also one of the key reasons is that I would gain a developmental experience. One of my criteria for professional growth is to gain experience within organizations that are constantly growing and the Student Foundation is doing just that. In the Student Foundation mission statement, it speaks on “student’s development on Florida State University’s campus” and to be a part of not only Florida States growth but the student’s growth was as well would be nothing short of
Robert Smalls is one of those African Americans who tried everything they can just to get freedom during the Civil War. He, however, is still unknown to this day. Smalls was born in 1839 in Beaufort, South Carolina. His mother, Lydia, was a slave while his father, John McKee, was a slave owner. Because of this advantage, Smalls was different from other slaves.
Firstly, from the listed documents above, “Black Codes of the State of Mississippi” is divided into four parts; Apprentice Law, Vagrancy Law, Civil Rights of Freedmen and Penal Codes. These laws were created by Mississippi, immediately after the American Civil War as a way to enforce and control the freedmen, negroes, and mulattoes. It hopes were to maintain white supremacy and provide cheap labor as feared that blacks would seek revenge for mistreatments. Ongoing, the “Address of the Colored Convention to the People of Alabama” states the
Early in the 19th century, while the rapidly-growing United States expanded further into the South, white settlers faced what they considered an obstacle. This area was home to the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chicasaw and Seminole groups. These Indian nations, in the view of the settlers and many other white Americans, were in the way of progress. Eager for land so they could raise cotton, the settlers pressured the federal government to take or steal Indian territory. Andrew Jackson, from Tennessee, was a forceful leader in the Indian removal.
The fact that African Americans made a successful rebellion against the white slave owners that dominated every aspect of their lives, encouraged other African Americans to participate in similar acts of resistance. Some African American slaves decided to runaway to Florida because they heard of the rebellion and that they were seeking freedom in Spanish Florida. A lot of slaves attempted to runaway even though they knew the consequence would likely be death. Others began to resist their masters without taking the chances of running away and risking their lives.
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.