The 1937-1938 Nanjing Massacre: The forgotten Holocaust “WHEN PURPLE MOUNTAIN BURNS, NANJING IS LOST” (old Chinese adage) Introduction More than 80 years have passed since the horrific historical events known as the Nanjing Massacre. The period of terror and destruction occurred in Nanjing is undoubtedly among the worst in the history of modern warfare. This tremendous episode remained largely unknown or vaguely known for so long in particular in the Western countries and only in the 1990s exploded with such force, generating controversial debate and emotions. No one could fathom the overall extent of the terror.
Because of this characteristic, his Russian Empire had to receive an infamous defeat in the Russian – Japanese war. In February 1904, the Japanese attacked Port Arthur of Russia to show its power to the western world. However, Nicholas was very confident when he received the news. His pugnacity brought him the subjectivity in war. He believed that “the upstart Japanese would soon be taught a salutary lesson.”
There was a time in the history of Japan when the country was in chaos, as there was lawlessness, a civil war, warlords and feudal battles… Ironically, the Sengoku period, which started in 1467 and ended in 1573 is commonly known as the “Warring States” period because of all that happened. Almost every warrior in this period, set up their own armies and became warlords to contribute to this chaos. The Sengoku period started off with the Ōnin War (1467-1477), this was a civil war which destroyed an entire city called Kyoto, which, at the time was the capital of Japan. Historian J. Gilbert from www.samurai-archives.com quoted that “The Onin War was the catalyst that sparked the century long period of Japanese history known as the Sengoku Jidai, the "Age of the Country at War". What was originally a dispute between a father and his son-in-law became an eleven year war that trashed the once great city of Kyoto and sparked an era of bloodshed that is famous to
Xiang Liang and Xiang Yu took the call to defeat the Qin Dynasty. In the ninth month, the governor of Kuaji (the southern part of Chu and the south eastern part of the Qin Empire), announced to Xiang Liang, that all west regions of the Yangtze is in revolt. Xiang Liang then framed the governor and ordered Xiang Yu to kill him. Xiang Liang became governor of Kuaji and Xiang Yu was made lieutenant general with task of subduing the districts under the governor’s
How did World War 1 Start? There have been many wars in the world all for different reasons. However, World War 1 was one of the bloodiest wars that wrought across Europe. The War was so violent and miserable it was called “The War to End All Wars,” because only one alliance would be left standing.
Sui Yangdi (569-618) was the second emperor of the shortly lived Sui Dynasty and was believed to have succeeded the throne in the year 604 after assassinating his father Wendi, the founder of the Sui Dynasty. Yangdi was an oppressive ruler, using forced labor and levying high taxes. He wasted the empire’s resources on many luxuries including constructing lavishly decorated palaces and planting his gardens with mature trees from distant forests. Between the years 612 and 614, Sui Yangdi’s armies embarked on three unsuccessful expeditions to Korea, which led to revolt among the Chinese. Though Yangdi was a somewhat corrupt ruler, he was responsible for the construction of the Grand Canal, a 1,400 mile canal used to transport grain and other goods
The war had left many places vulnerable, filled with heaps of debris, and destroyed with no sight of life. Attacks on different cities in Spain had demolished homes that people once lived, filled with many memories. Many family members were lost and missed due to the war. The author also briefly points out a historical figure, Francisco Franco, who successfully led a military revolt and won the Spanish Civil War, which caused him to rise to power and become the ruler over Spain as a dictator. Christina Diaz Gonzalez had implied the brutal dictatorship under Franco and the drastic changes that had occurred.
World war 1 (WWI) was one of the biggest wars that have ever occurred, and it affected many people such as writers and poets. Some of the poets include Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon. These two poets were army officers in WWI that experienced all the horror of it. As a result, they created extraordinary poems that describe the terror of WWI. World War 1 started in 1914 and ended in 1918.
In the book series, A Song of Ice and Fire by George RR Martin, published in 1998 and is still unfinished up to this writing, the fight of power between characters is portrayed with many self made monarchs and warring against each other. It shows a realistic side of medieval political power through fiction. Each of the various movements of the nobles had an effect on the common citizens and it was shown in the books how every action has their own opposite reaction and this is where the constitution comes in. There is a lack of a properly written constitution in Westeros.
Feudalism: Its Rise and Decline With the transformation of the Roman Empire, the empire would no longer be a universal culture. With an ineffective government and no armies, the former empire experienced mass anarchy. Due to its weakened state, the empire had become more vulnerable. Because people need security, a new concept would arise, this concept would be known as feudalism.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi was the shogun who finished what the previous shogun, Oda Nobunaga, was unable to complete. He was able to unite the whole of Japan. At the age of 62, he passed away left his 8 year old son to be his heir. He appointed 5 regents to rule Japan for his son for the current time as he was close to death. When he finally passed away, the 5 'leaders ' caused japan to be in a power struggle, which caused japan to be desperate for a supreme leader.
With the passing away of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707 and the culmination of the might of the Mughal Empire, the Muslims of South Asia faced serious threats to their existence. There was infighting between Mughal princes for the throne, Aurangzeb had spent much of the treasury fighting the Marathas in the South, to no avail; and the Sikhs had risen in Punjab to pose a serious threat to Mughal rule. The division of the court itself created serious problems for the Muslims. Hardly had any ruler settled onto the throne that wars for succession broke out between brothers.
Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna was a leader for the mexican army until april 21 1836 he was born in February 21, 1794 in Xalapa, Mexico. In 1828 he used his military influence to lift the losing candidate into the presidency, being rewarded in turn with appointment as the highest-ranking general in the land. In 1833 he won election to the presidency of the independent republic of mexico by an independent republic popular majority. He soon became bored in his first presidency, leaving the real work to his vice-president, who soon launched an ambitious reform of church, state and army.
After separating from Britain the founding fathers formed the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation and its ideas ended up being a disaster in the founders picture of a functioning government. With no right to tax citizens the national and state governments they could not raise money. This caused serious civil unrest an led to the drafting of the constitution in 1781. The constitution brought about many important changes, with the most influential on politics being checks and balances.
In 207 BC, Xiang Yu 's armed force vanquished the Army of Qin and Liu Bang cleared into the capital which at long last finished the Qin Dynasty. Toward the end of the Qin Dynasty in 207 BC, war broke out between Liu blast and Xiang Yu. It was known as the Chu-Han war, and it went on for a long time, finishing with the triumph of Liu Bang, who later settled the Western Han