Adversity breaks one down until they can be broken no more, and although adversity has a negative connotation, overcoming adversity can make one stronger, turning it into a positive. When America was discovered and colonized, the indigenous peoples faced real hardships. Americans disliked anything that wasn’t European culture so they tried to eliminate tribal identities and assimilate the Native Americans into their culture. They outlawed certain Indian rituals such as the Ghost Dance and forced Indian children to speak English instead of their native languages. The constitution did not outline specific details for relations with Natives, so as America grew older, the government was left to deal with the Indians however they pleased.
There are several reasons why the colonists revolted against the British government. The settlers felt that the British government were treating them unfairly, and their rights were violated. The conflict between the British Government and settler helped to gather political ideas to break away from the British Government and declare their own independent nation.
They were there for the sole purpose of making money and therefore the laws that they put in place to govern the areas controlled were often not with the general populations well-being in mind. This led to widespread hatred of the British by the indigenous population. The Indians believed that one of the main goals of the occupiers was to Christianize Hindu and Muslim populations. This, and the heavy taxation imposed by the British East India Company, led to immense resentment and several uprisings of the locals during British Rule. After the Indian Mutiny of 1857 the British Government abolished both the Mughal Dynasty, which was the local Indian Government, and the East India Company.
In other words, legitimacy in Iraq was destroyed. “In the aftermath of state failure, authoritative institutions, both societal and governmental, quickly lose their capacity and legitimacy.” So, in return there is violence, and some other power rises up to take control, if “no one” else will. Iraq basically opened the door for America’s military to come in, and invade their
Relations between the Americans and Indians at the time of the Revolutionary war are indecisive. Many of the tribes tried to stay neutral during the quarrels of the white people, since either way the war ended, the same result would ensue: they would lose more of their land to the white people. “Eventually, most of Indian tribes sided with the British.” The Indians were not unlike the American patriots; they were fighting for their own freedom as well. Indians saw the Americans as a worse threat to their way of life than a king across a great ocean. (Calloway) At the same time, some other tribes did not want to fight; these tribes migrated away from the American civilizations; some went further west and others fled north to Canada.
From missionaries who were attacked by the Boxers, to word of mouth stories passed down from the peasants involved, to Chinese higher ups, who rejected the movement as well as those who supported it, these accounts have biases to them that should be taken into account. A common link between the historians’ theories on the Boxers are that they were heavily motivated by anti-foreign sentiment. In Hu Sheng’s book, From the Opium War to the May Fourth Movement, the Chinese “suffered from an increasingly large amount of foreign imports, notably textiles, that destroyed the natural economy of the villages, bankrupted the native handicraft industry, and made life miserable for the peasant and other laboring masses.” I agree with Victor Purcell, who attempted to tie the different perspectives together and concluded that the Boxer Uprising was an anti-foreign and anti-Christianity movement, starting off as an anti-Qing uprising, then coming to support it later. This view is evident in the records of Boxer leaders pronouncing their desire to “restore the Ming dynasty!” and to “Kill the foreign devils!” and later taking on a more nationalistic approach, saying that they want to support the Qing empire by expelling the foreigners and their ideas. (Purcell
For instance, the Sons of Liberty started riots, committed treason, and started a war with England. Not to mention they were behind the Boston Tea Party, leading to the closing of the Boston Harbor and many colonists losing their jobs. In addition to all of this, they also didn’t pay their taxes, and were rather deceitful. The Sons of Liberty were masters of media, which could be seen in either a positive or negative light. These violences and crimes, however, could not have led the colonies to become the United States, and would not have gained the colonists their liberty.
By the end of Russia’s involvement he was sending poorly trained and ill-equipped men into battle and was losing the confidence and backing of the Russian army. This was one of the major factors that led to his demise, he was a weak leader and commander but also he was running a very undemocratic government and this was shown with the creation of the Duma. The first Duma was established after the defeat in the war to the Japanese in an attempt by the Tsar to retain power. The Tsar however did not expect when he offered free elections to the Duma that the electorates would begin to criticise him and demand change. This resulted in the collapse of the first Duma which showed that the people hadn’t a right to an opinion and nothing could be changed as long as Tsar Nicholas II was in charge.
In his eyes, the lack of nationalism was a result of the conflicting ideas of the old and the new. In an excerpt from “The Final Awakening,” when he describes “the intense combat between the old and modern current thought,” (Chen, 1), Chen describes the struggle between the old and the new. China’s traditional ideas and customs have been lost due to an overhaul of Western influence. If nationalism were to present itself again, citizens would have to fall back on their traditions. “Why should I reject the desires and influential elders, who are all a part of the people, to build a constitutional republic” (Chen, 1).
If the end goal is independence, it would be much better for leaders to talk things out rather than fight, kill innocent lives, and have the same ending. It simply is not effective for all these humans to die when they can use their words to have a conversation with each other. An example of this was in the Indian Independence. Mohandas Gandhi, an Indian activist, led a nonviolent campaign against the British where they boycotted British goods such as salt. At the time, India was a British colony, so they were making money off of the Indian citizens and the goods they made.