“Individuals are born with reflexes that allow them to interact with the environment. These reflexes are quickly replaced by constructed mental schemes or structures that allow them to interact with, and adapt to, the environment” (Lutz, S., & Huitt, W,2004). Piaget believes that each person is born with the ability to think and they use ideas gained from their environment to advance their thinking process in each stage of development. Fleming, PhD(2005), states that Piaget did his study on moral development of a child by carrying out experiments in two different ways. The first way was by getting the children to play a game but they are not made aware of the rules of the game.
Aistear in the classroom can act as a reinforcement for what children have learned during lessons, using play as a learning support tool to enhance the child’s learning experience. Although Aistear and the PSC are aimed at varying age groups, their aims are pretty similar. ‘to enable children to meet, with self-confidence and assurance, the demands of life, both now and in the future’ (PSC, Introduction, p. 6). ‘To enable children to grow and develop as competent and confident learners within loving relationships with others’ (Principles and Themes, p. 6). Both the Primary School Curriculum and the Aistear documents aim to ensure children gain confidence as learners and to develop
1. Explore in detail the 4 stages of Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. The first stage of Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development is the Sensorimotor stage which occurs from birth to 2 years old. Infants use their senses and motor actions to explore and understand the world. They start with only innate reflexes and later develop increasingly “intelligent” actions.
Children begin in the sensorimotor stage from birth to two years of age. In the sensorimotor stage, children use mostly senses and simple actions to guide themselves, and begin to understand that they are separate from the people and the objects, which surround them. Most significantly in the sensorimotor stage is that the child cognizes that an object gone from sight, still exists, known as object permanence. As children progress to the preoperational stage from approximately ages 2-7 years, thinking becomes more symbolic. However, even as the children can express themselves in various forms, behaviors remain egocentric and most concepts are absolute.
Thirdly, a child’s personality comes to the forefront; this is the stable but constantly changing state which is singular to an individual. Lastly, where a child learning to be around different people and interacting with them is known as social development. According to M. Hart Gill, in South Africa children can proceed into primary school if they are seven years old or five years old on the condition that the child turns six by the end of June. During the late 1970s school readiness was defined as a term all-encompassing maturity which children had to possess. These include the growth in school maturity, social maturity and emotional maturity.
Jean Piaget is exceptionally known for his contributions to the world of studying developmental psychology, especially in children. He is most known for his four-stage theory on cognitive development, a widespread theory about the development of the human intelligence. His “stage theory” is a form of discontinuous development, which means that opposed to continuous development, it is not an ongoing progression of gradual changes throughout life; rather certain behaviors and skills occur within distinct stages of life. Piaget was curious as to how knowledge grew as we progressed throughout life. Piaget was also known for his theories on moral development in children, he has come up with a three-stage theory and has done several studies to further expand upon his research.
1.Sensorimotor. ( birth to 2 years ) During this stage, infants and toddlers knowledge obtain through sensory experiences and touching objects. Piaget’s observation of his daughter and nephew affected his idea of this stage. At this point in development, a child 's intelligence consists of their basic motor and sensory explorations of the world. At the age of 7 to 9 months, infants begin to realize that an object exists even if it can no longer be seen.
• Development started from the mother’s womb and it still continues in the adulthood stages. The newborn baby starts reacting in various manners. The brain starts reacting and responds to others. But a disorganised environment in the surrounding of child can destroy the normal growth and creates developmental problems. • Research the definition of the adolescent period in this essay.
According to questia (n.d.), child development refers to the formation of intellectual, perceptual, emotional and behavioral ability and operating from a tykes birth through puberty. The procedure involves the development of a tykes awareness of their memory, morals, logic, emotional awareness, empathy, language, symbolic thought, and identity. The development of a tyke is consistent of different life skills through physical, cognitive, and social development. Child development can be split to three different parts. There are early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence.
Some children may tend to learn through classroom environments while others may learn through their peers. However, in most school conditions, paying attention and persisting at tasks are valued, which means those who learn through the other ways may be neglected easily. Teachers should know that children are likely to be more responsive to those who affirm the values of their home culture. Therefore, teachers should not use whatever methods they like to teach but to respect children’s cultural background and treat them as individuals. The main point in this article indicates that exposing children into a second language environment in their young age does not really help them learn more quickly or easily; the only advantage may be that they would be able to speak more like a native speaker.