Throughout our lifetime, there are going to be moments, situations and experiences that are more forgetful than others. The difference between the events that we tend to forget and the ones that stick in our mind like glue is the emotion behind those memories. The term flashbulb memory refers to memories, which are highly detailed and vivid memories due to the emotional circumstances surrounding the event itself (Goldstein, p 209, 2008). These are memories that have so much feeling attached to them it causes that specific memory to become imprinted in your mind it almost feels like it happened yesterday. You are able to recall where you were when the event happened, what you were wearing as well as all the feelings and emotions you experienced during that time.
People’s bodies can be greatly affected by a concussion. Concussions can affect people’s lives in many ways; one of them is mentally. Some examples are depression, anxiety, and mood swings. Depression involves, “…feeling sad or worthless, changes in sleep or appetite, difficulty concentrating, withdrawing from others, loss of interest or pleasure in life, lethargy (feeling tired and sluggish), or thoughts of death or suicide.” (Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center). Also used by the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center; anxiety causes to feel nervousness or also to worry a lot.
The early stages of dementia are often just seen as “getting old” to those of us who are not trained. In this stage patients find it hard to follow a story through to the end, whether they are telling it or listening to it. Often they will notice everyone laughing but won’t actually understand a joke that was being told. It can also start with subtlety of slower responses to questions. For middle stage dementia this is where people start to really take note of behavior and language changes.
In this report I am going to assess ways in which different types of dementia affect an individual and also the individual’s family and friends. Due to the symptoms and consequences of dementia, a major impact on individual is the feeling of insecurity and the loss of confidence in themselves and their abilities. This can increase a sense of loss of control which in turn may result in the individuals doubting themselves and losing trust in their own judgements. These problems are made worse by the reaction of the people around them that are closest to them, such as friends and family and colleagues will begin to respond to them differently and not treat them in the same way as before. They may feel that they are stigmatised by this as there is a lot of false information and ideas about what dementia is like and what dementia does to people, and the individual may actually be avoided by friends and family member who fear the condition.
For example, a child can develop a false memory of being abused by their father when told about situations which their father abused him or her by their mother, siblings, other trusted family member, or even their therapist. Another example used in this article is how through hypnosis, a patient is more susceptible to creating a false memory such as being abducted by an UFO. This is because under hypnosis the patient is more motivated to reconstruct a memory at the request of the therapist, regardless of lacking sufficient information to recall the events accurately. As Todd Stark explains in his article, “Vividly imagined images under hypnosis can be difficult or impossible to distinguish from real life.” With the line between imagination and reality blurred, it is easier for a person to whole-heartedly believe in their false
Decision-making happens in the part of the brain that deals with the reward and self-regulatory system such as the mesolimbic dopamine system and the amygdala. However, because in individuals with NPD feelings of fear are intolerable, confusion about self-esteem based on approval and shifting feeling of agency bears many challenges to the brain 's ability to properly make decision. Such individuals can develop lesions in the brain from past traumas that later can lead to deficits in learning, in decision-making, and most of all can impair their ability to emotional and stressful situations. Unregulated fear processing and decision making impairs individual with NPD in the sense that they have and inability to rely on their emotions to aid in decision-making because that part of the brain has been long compromised and thus the consequences
In the middle stage patients may experience: increased memory loss and confusion, problems recognizing family and friends, continuously repeat stories, favorite things, things that they want, or motions, decreased ability to perform complex tasks or handle personal finances, lack of concern for hygiene and appearance, or requiring assistance in choosing proper clothing to wear for day, season, or occasion. In the late stage, there is almost total memory loss, and patients may: recognize faces but forget names, mistake a person for someone else, experience delusions, such as thinking they need to go to work even though they no longer have a job,
Stress and excess worrying can be tough on the brain. When you are tense and your mind is over stimulated or distracted, one 's ability to remember can suffer. (Morgan n.p.). Stress only causes small amounts of damage to the brain’s memory functions but, long-term memory is still a possibility. (Spiers 1).
When reality begins to set in, a flood of emotions can result. Anxiety, protest and anger are just a few of the emotions that can be felt during this difficult time. Anger may be targeted toward hospital staff, God, other family members, one's self or even the loved one who has parted. Guilt and mood swings are also common and reactions for someone to experience. The third phase is restoration.
An example includes when Becky constantly made complaints about Ben’s lack of hearing, implying that this must be the result of old age. They also make fun of Ben’s inability to use new technology, relating this to the fact that he is older. The second topic which was also covered in our class would be the idea of life transitions, which all older people go through. As one ages, there is a risk of losing connections to daily life when one retires or loses a spouse or friends to death. At the beginning of the movie, Ben has the risk of losing this connectivity because he has retired from his long-term job at the phone book company.