Abstract This research paper aims at analyzing the heroine of Jane Austen`s novel Emma and to show the position of women in her society and how this reflects the suffering of women in a global context both in her time and now. The research paper argues that the author has used various tools including parody and irony to reveal the position of women in the society at her time. The novel Emma was written by Jane Austen in the tear 1816. The novels that she writes show her as a moral writer who strives to establish a criterion of sound judgment and good conduct in the lives of human beings. In the novel Emma, she so dramatically and astutely presents the lesson that she strives to teach the public, with a minimum exposition that places upon
In her writing, Jane Austen used literary techniques to display her character’s integrity, poise, grace and charm, or lack thereof. Throughout most of Austen’s works, a common theme is women and their behavior. In Emma, Jane Austen weaves a story between the differences of society through the actions of a young woman, Emma Woodhouse. The strongest literary technique in Jane Austen’s Emma is the use of a foil. According to LiteraryDevices.net, a foil is a character who embodies the qualities that are in contrast to the qualities of another character with the objective being to highlight the traits of the other character.
Gill and Sellers say that feminist literary criticism’s approach involves identifying with female characters in order to challenge any male centred outlook. It aims at resisting traditional assumptions of gender (3). In doing so, feminist literary criticism examines how works of literature perpetuate or challenge patriarchal attitudes. In feminism lens, The Hunger Games trilogy by Suzanne Collins’ presents itself as a pro-feminist series It challenges gender stereotypes by presenting a female protagonist; Katniss Everdeen. The book has successfully challenged gender stereotypes by showing that men and women are equal.
The relevance of this is that during the third wave of feminism female independence, both within society and literature, became more prevalent. Thus we can explore, using the feminist ideology of this era, how female independence within literature often gets a strongly negative connotation. When studying this novel from a feminist perspective, it is important to acknowledge that Walker favours the term ‘womanist’ for a black feminist. Walker’s commitment to womanism inspired not only ‘The Color Purple’, but many of her other novels including ‘Possessing the Secret of Joy’ (1992). Celie suffers over thirty years of physical and mental abuse.
In a third and final point, we’ll consider that both gender studies and feminism should be studied separately because gender studies goes further and takes into account sexual characteristics and oppression in general rather than only social oppression towards a biological sex, being women. Gender is something different from social movements. Indeed, in general, gender studies bring to a reflexion on what is being a male and what is being a female according to time and places. The main goal of these studies is to observe how a sex is supposed to reproduce a common thinking and acting according to its societal past. According to Joan Scott, one of the main and first theorists of gender studies: "In grammar, gender is understood to be a way of classifying phenomena, a socially agreed upon system of distinctions rather than an objective description of inherent traits.
These reasons explain why overall, Steinem does a very good job of persuading the reader to think differently about the perception of women’s strength. Throughout this essay, Steinem uses various rhetorical claims in order to establish credibility. For instance, from the beginning the utilization of pathos was applied in order to catch the attention of the readers. Steimen expresses, “I
Sanders displays his change in viewpoints through masterful uses of interior dialogue. This literary technique allows the reader to understand what the narrator is thinkinging as events unfold in front of him. When Anneke challenges Sanders’ view that women have a tougher existence in society, Sanders becomes confused and tries to blindly agree with her.
She opines that history is divided into three phases namely feminine, feminist and female. The female phase is the phase of self discovery. “Woman turns to the experience of females as a source autonomous art, extending the feminist analysis of culture to the forms and techniques of literature.”(139) Showalter supports feminist criticism in the female phase. In Feminist Criticism in the Wilderness, Showalter asserts that the, “gynocritic model constructs the framework to analyze the female experiences in the literature by woman rather by male authors.” (131) Gynocriticism helps to learn “something solid, enduring and real about the relation of woman to the literary culture.”(49) It concentrates on the newly visible world of the female culture. Toni Morrison’s fictional characters could be analyzed from gynocritic view point because they confront with cultural issues of gender, class as well as race.
This essay endeavours to explore the connections between female sexuality and women’s writing in Possession. Molly Hite wrote that the female body “becomes a text that must be read in order to be dismantled and reassembled by an emergent female aesthetic” (123). With this in mind, the essay will carefully analyse three of the major female characters featured in the novel, Val, Christabel and Maud. Each character will be individually examined with particular attention to her writing and to what extent her sexuality impacts upon her publications in the male dominated academic realm. Val occupies perhaps the least influential
Another example of “reading like a woman” in the context of this novel is to read Magid and Millat’s characters as similar versions of one another in race, class, and gender, yet entirely different in personality. One can place oneself into Magid and Millat’s Bangladeshi, Muslim shoes, and still not be able to discern each of their differences without reading past these intersections. When reading White Teeth, it is important to try to put oneself in the shoes of every single character through both their personality traits and classifications in society in order to get a full grasp of who these characters really