Venturi also touches on the concept that richness can contrast with clarity, and urges architects to leave the tenets of traditional Modernism behind in pursuit of "truth in its totality," a sort of organic messiness that he perceives as more real and useful than overly planned, hyper-logical Modernist constructions. "Complexity and Contradiction vs. Simplification or Picturesqueness" criticizes "orthodox Modern architects" and their treatment of complexity. Venturi feels that diversity in architecture represents a type of sophistication that is lost in the works of the Modernists. It is in this section that he discusses Mies ' famous lines, "less is more," which he thinks as "less is bore" criticizes for its
The whole history with it’s coldness, lifeless imagery, living nations would be impossible. In architecture we should respect two duties to national architecture, the first is rendering in the architecture of today and the second is about preservance of the heritage from the past. It is in this two duties and directions that the Lamp of Memory is truly called the six lamp of architecture. To become memorial or monumental in perceiving a true perfection in civil and domestic building. In the heart of the men should be a sanctity in preserving and saving their own house.
Means the historian’s task is less mimetic and the novelist can create additions to the record. Milan Kundera illustrates the differences between the historian and novelist in the Art of the Novel: A historian tells you about events that have taken place. … A novel examines not reality but existence. And existence is not what has occurred, existence is a realm of human possibilities, … Novelists draw up the map of existence by discovering this or that human possibilities. If a writer considers a historical situation a fresh and revealing possibility of human world, he will want to describe it as it is.
Intertextuality accounts for the role of literary and extra-literary materials without resorting to traditional notions of authorship and thus subverting the concept of the text as self-sufficient and hermetic in totality, foregrounding, in its stead, the fact that all literary production takes place in the presence of other texts and are, in effect, palimpsests. For Roland Barthes, who announced ‘the death of the author’, intertexuality is the fact that allows the text to come into being. He says: Any text is a new tissue of past citations. Bits of code, formulae, rhythmic models, fragments of social languages, etc., pass into
One possible solution is that it learned from past experiences from the failure of the excessively pretentious exhibition. Modern culture and art should have an association so that art can defend its existence. For Lyotard, the world is so diversed and fragmented that art cannot possibly claim the knowledge that Habermas suggested. Though it is not easy for the linkages between modern culture and everyday life be established, it is optimistic to have such a thought than to concur with Lyotard’s view that we have to reclaim our position despite we are in a midst of chaos. Both theories do not fight nor compete with one another.
Less is Bore Modernism movement had transformed with the clear ambition of improving people’s lives, however, it was in direct conflict with the spirit of 70s. For example, modernist architects aimed to find the perfect building that could serve any person, any function, and in any location. The clean lines on architecture of modernism was basically directed to be a perfectly engineered blank canvas for life. The people of the 70s, however, viewed modernist architecture as an oppressive, one-size-fits-all solution to the richly varied complexities of life. Furthermore, characteristics of modernist (rejecting historicism and ornamentation) have pushed both designers and architect to create building and design with the exact opposite characteristics which produced what we called as Postmodernism.
After a few months of book reading and researching, I have found that unlike our animal counterparts, humans have the ability to have an identity however they are shaped whether it be by our surroundings or by the people we spend time with. Before making assumptions about the maturity of an animal 's lifestyle or identity, we must define the word for ourselves. A.I. Professor Hussein Abbass argues against Sophia, a Saudi Arabian robot given citizenship. In trying to convince his audience a we are not prepared for a robot citizen, he explains his version of identity, which he hopes we’ll be recognize isn’t a category Sophia fits into.
The new fascination with handmade signifies a rejection of the synthetic world. This new group of artists concern themselves with the age-old techniques and focuses on detail, technique and tactility similar to that of figure 3. The great difference between craft and design is that while the craftsman ends up with a finished, functioning object, the designer does not. They end up with a drawing or some other type of conceptual idea that may, later, be made into an actual object. Until then, it remains an abstract sign from which the Latin meaning of design is sign.
Remove them or degrade them and the Empire is no more. Empire follows art and not vice versa as English men suppose.” (Said 1994, Orientalism page 65) (Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism) begins from the notion that the institutional, political and economic operations of imperialism are nothing without the power of the culture that maintains them. So it becomes important to constantly reinvest in the field of arts and
(2016) that the definitions of I-C are rather simple and insufficient and cannot be applied without consideration on any culture, which shows inclinations towards collectivism. Consequently, established methods cannot be used as a measurement, therefore an improvement of current system is necessary. Han et al. that even within collectivism strong individualistic behavioural traits may exist, at least in preserving one’s self. Therefore, the self is not as interdependent as it was claimed in the past by for example Markus and Kitayama (1991).