The Shortcomings And Limitations Of Intellectual Disability

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Intellectual Disability
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation Intellectual Disability
Intellectual disability refers to a condition in which an individual suffers from certain limitations of mental functionality as well as skills such as personal grooming, communication and social skills. Limitations in these skills cause children to develop and learn very slowly compared to typical children. For example, these children take longer to walk, speak or taking care of personal needs such as eating and dressing. Intellectual disabilities originate from a number of sources even though doctors can only identify a specific cause in approximately two-thirds of the cases. Major known causes are nutrition problems, brain injury and infections, faulty chromosomes, drug use during pregnancy, extremely premature births, environmental deprivations and a number of medical disorders among others.
The majority of people suffering from intellectual disability have an IQ of between 50 and 70. In practice, the common characteristics include limitations in adaptive behavior and intellectual functioning. Limitations in adaptive behavior include difficulties in social skills, practical skills and conceptual skills. Shortcomings in intellectual functioning involve difficulties with skills and task generalization, memory recall and low motivation.
In school, these children take longer to learn because they experience a wide range of difficulties. However, in the presence of appropriate

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