9In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles punish Germany? When Germany surrendered, they knew they had to pay a price, but the peace treaty was more severe than they expected. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau and American President Woodrow Wilson, the three leaders of the Allies, decided the fate of Germany. The Treaty
On 28 June 1919, the countries involved in World War I gathered at Versailles Palace, to sigh the treaty which was a symbol of the end of World War I. This treaty is known as Treaty of Versailles. The treaty changed the world pattern, caused conflicts and controversies among victorious countries, and displeased the Germans, contributing to the occur of a more destructive world war - World War Ⅱ. The original goal of signing the treaty is to keep the peace, but every country pursued its own national interests, so, unfortunately, it failed quickly. The treaty is like a blasting fuse, causing a much bigger disaster for people all over the world.
This was considered an act against the agreement between the countries and made other governments unhappy. Right from that moment on, people around the world knew what to expect from what was about to come – WWII. Hitler deciding to go against the Treaty was just the beginning; hundreds of other problems also occurred at the same time and led up to what we know today as the deadliest war in the history of mankind. Image 1: The treaty of Versailles being signed by the world’s great powers. (Treaty of Versailles.)
One of the biggest issues that the new government had to face was the exaggerated terms of the Treaty of Versailles. These terms limited the Weimar Republic from fully developing and growing to become a fully fledged society. The signing of the Treaty of Versailles meant torture for the country and the people populating it, and a vast majority of the population felt it was betrayal from the German government, naming the Weimar Republic officials the ‘November criminals’. Many people that supported the Weimar Republic changed their views after the terms of the Treaty of Versailles became publicly available since they felt the Weimar Republic was just the result of losing the war rather than the actual choice of the majority of the population. The problems faced by the Weimar Republic
They also suffered massive losses. The land was destroyed, partly due to Stalin 's 'scorched-earth ' policy. It was impossible to calculate the number of dead, but it is estimated at several million. However, Churchill was very suspicious of Stalin, and believed a powerful Russia could be just as big a threat as a powerful Germany. Churchill wanted to 'shake hands with the Russians as far to the east as possible, ' to stop them gaining more land.
After the creation of the Versailles Treaty in 1919, Ferdinand Foch said "This is not a peace. It is an armistice for twenty years." Few historians would disagree with Foch’s statement; many believe that there is a direct correlation between the harsh conditions of the Versailles Treaty and the outbreak of World War II. Still, there are professionals who think that said correlation is overly exaggerated. The end of the war and the creation of the Versailles Treaty began with an armistice on November 11th, 1918.
This film was made at a point in history after Germany’s defeat in World War I and after the terms of the Treaty of Versailles was forced upon them, causing great humiliation to their once strong, proud nation. It was during a time of extreme inflation, unemployment, and complete economic collapse. The people had little hope and could not see their way out of their grim reality. With this background in mind, I will explain the argument the film advances, who it is trying to persuade, and what it is trying to persuade the audience to do. I will show evidence that the film uses techniques that are persuasive in getting the people to endorse and rally around the Nazi party in the 1930’s.
The Big Three: Wilson, Lloyd George, and Clemenceau all signed the Treaty of Versailles at the Paris Peace Conference. Those signatures, representing the unfounded condemnation of Germany for starting the war, which is completely wrong, helped give rise to Hitler. The terms of this Treaty gave Germany one voice, a voice against the Treaty. However, even though the Treaty was the main issue - the main cause for the war - it was worsened by a force that didn’t just affect Germany, but the world as a whole: the Great Depression. In 1929, the American stock market crashed over a period of a few days.
However, for other countries, it was the opposite; for example, the Treaty enraged Germany because they felt their punishment for the war was unwarranted. The Treaty of Versailles was a leading factor of the Second World War because, although its purpose was to retain the peace, it angered countries such as Germany and Italy into retaliation; it also allowed access for other places to start taking control of surrounding areas of the land they received from the treaty. Out of all the countries that were a part of the treaty of Versailles, Germany was afflicted the most. According to the article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles, the Guilt Clause, “Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression
How did the conditions in Germany and the methods used by the Nazis assist Hitler in his rise to power? Germany had endured a brutal war that led to extensive long-term consequences. World War One generated a period of serious financial and political instability which plunged the German population into homelessness, unemployment and near-starvation. The people were distressed. They needed a leader who paid attention to their views and opinions -somebody who could stop this calamity and change Germany into a powerful nation once again.