Exam Paper 1 In what ways did the American West of the late nineteenth century represent a contrast to the East? In what ways did the two regions resemble each other?
European exploration of the West began in 1500 and continued to flourish for over three centuries. While colonizing this new land, Europeans first came into contact with the native peoples. European religious views, gender roles, and land ownership shaped their interactions with Native Americans. The English, for example, practiced Christianity, while the Native Americans possessed a more spiritual and animalistic religion. Native American societies were heavily reliant on women for not only household duties, but also agricultural responsibilities.
Life in the nineteenth-century Nebraska was rapidly developing. An increase in automation, industrialization, and modernization all took hold just before the turn of the nineteenth century and furthered its hold across the nation. The Homestead Act of 1954 was a major kick start to get the development of the west rolling and to further settlement across the continent. Many early settlers came from all across the globe. They were newly arrived immigrants, American farmers without land, young families with children, single women, former slaves freed during the Civil War.
In my opinion and based on readings I think that the western frontier fostered values of American democracy and individualism. Moving west allowed settlers and even immigrants the opportunity to make a new life for them and their families. The “Gold Rush” and mining for other precious metals such as silver, copper, lead and iron brought many people west to explore and find riches. Many cities such as Virginia City, Nevada were industrialized and colonized by those who wanted to find riches in those precious metals. Many of these settlers were immigrants, it is noted that the Utah Territory, that eventually became known as Nevada, had about 30 percent of people settling that were from outside the United States, compared to 25 percent in New
The late 19th century was a time of exploration, innovation, and continued westward expansion. The West, however, was not as glorified as people today like to think it was. Westward expansion had many benefits, the main being lots of new land for both the Americans and immigrants, but many ideas of the West have been altered throughout the years. The West was romanticized in many ways, people moved to the West in the pursuit of happiness, but today many hardships of westward expansion have been ignored. Cowboys and homesteads are two major concepts that have been romanticized today about the West.
Post World War II America was one of the most militarily active periods in American history, having been involved in three wars, spanning roughly from 1947 to 1992, in order to stop the spread of communism. Overall, the United States permanently broke its previous isolationist policy in an attempt to promote democracy throughout the world; however, the wars proved to have serious negative effects on America. America was impacted by the military involvement in the Cold War, the Vietnam War, and the Korean War. Shortly after the end of World War II, America and Russia, the two super world powers emerging from the war, divided various parts of Eurasia—namely Germany and Korea—between themselves. Following America’s decision to maintain world
Frederic Jackson Turner, an American historian in the early 20th century, is known for his essay “The Significance of the Frontier in American History”. In his writings, Turner theorized that certain defining aspects of the United States, such as geography, government, and economy could be traced back to the development of the American frontier. The U.S. census of 1890, which announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line, claimed that the since the land was already claimed, “there can hardly be said to be a frontier line.” However, Turner theorized that “the existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward,” meant that the American development was an ongoing process of
The west has been a place that people have seen as somewhere personal destiny could be fulfilled and persistence lives. Visions of freedom, wide-open spaces, uncompromised opportunity, and success became the representation of the west to many people outside of the region. In reality, the west's society and economy rarely fit how others talk about is. Kim Barnes was a westerner whose journeys of life exemplified the struggles, instability, and turbulence of the real west. Barnes explored her own experiences in the west through writing her personal memoirs.
In the text, The Way to Rainy Mountain by Momaday, Undaunted Courage by Stephen E. Ambrose, and Chief Joseph Speaks by the Nez Perce Chief they all claim and support westward expansion and its influences on the people around them. n the text, There Is No True History of the Westward Expansion, Robert Morgan was saying that history is hard to predict, not to mention we have to study it and find out the mistakes of other people and learn from them. In 1831, James H. Hackett a play that was about westward expansion. History and what people's actions were can impact and influence what the future citizens will do. Robert Morgan’s claims that that Thomas Jefferson was responsible for westward expansion were reasonable.
“ The first is that typical frontier community was sociologically cohesive- a kind of persistent Lockhean husking and barn-raising. The second misconception is that these particular frontier communities were reslentlessly homicidal” (pg 218). Frontier citizens worked together to obtain railroads, manage their cattle and access to cattle trails, defend themselves and families from outlaws gangs, but also they fought among themselves for cattle, for lands, for power and wealth. Which proves the contrast between Dykstra’s research and the western legends belief. Also the homicide rate in frontier compare to modern society is lower.
The religious revival of the 1800s was a perfect storm that allowed birth and growth of many new religions. One of the religions to emerge was Shakers. There was three main causes that allowed Shakers to be to establish and grow like they did, disestablishment of church and state, mass westward migration, and the desire for communal living and equality. With the disestablishment of church and state is now now legal to form a new religions and all religions had to compete on the same terms, no longer suppressing new religions from forming.
In the West during the 1800s, the population was expanding. It was Very Wild, So that is why they called it the "Wild West". Trails were expanding and the territories were being organized. In the southern of the United States lifestyle was more traditional.
Following the Civil War, westward migration increased rapidly; this was mainly due to acts such as the Homestead Act, which provided 160 acres of land for anyone who settled on it for a period of five years, the Morrill Act, and the Transcontinental Railroad, which ignited the transportation revolution. Nevertheless, life was difficult for farmers in the west, as they faced droughts, severe weather, and loneliness, leading many to leave their Western homesteads. However, often the greatest difficulty for farmers was competing with industrial farming, large corporations, and the global economy. As production increased and global prices decreased, many farmers fell into poverty, burned with debt they could not pay off due to deflation. As farmers
In the United States of America, the late 19th century proved to be a time of much change. With change, there was no shortage of challenges being presented to the country and its leaders. One of those leaders during that time was President Ulysses S. Grant, who came to recognize some of the biggest challenges would be the country’s negative economy and fair equal treatment to all citizens of the U.S. Another man that recognized some major challenges facing the U.S. at that time was Frederick Jackson Turner. He would go on to study Americanization for most of his life, and creating an ideology of what made America the way it is.