As the inhabitants of the world progress towards a more peaceful ground for living, ethical and moral norms often move at different paces given a societies demographics. While some societies viewed slavery as an act against humanity, some justified it and viewed it as a norm. It is important to understand why slavery began and why slavery has lasted for so long. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade began when European Empires began to expand. The need for a larger work force peaked as the Europeans expansion lacked a sufficient amount of laborers as a vital resource.
For instance, in the Atlantic slave trade, people had legal ownership of slaves who were expensive and thus long-term investment. A distinct feature of the old slavery was that the slave was racially different from a slave master. Old slavery reflected rural economies of the old days . “New Slavery” as referred to by Bales is basically brought about by greed and selfish profit-making motives. Therefore in contemporary slavery, slaves are not controlled by legal ownership but through violence since they are easily dispensable.
With this came a staggering decrease in population, forcing the economy to worsen. Because of the downslide in economic development, Africa itself lost power, wealth, and people. When Europeans traded with African powers they exchanged slaves for goods such as guns. This was the cause of an outbreak of violence in Africa. Even though the slave trade had such an awful effect on Africa, it benefited European power greatly through
This escalated and became a big issue, the northerners wanted the state to be free because they were abolitionists and believed that people were created equal and that it was morally wrong to have slaves. The westerners, on the other hand, were concerned because, at the time, slaves were very valuable, and many of the rich white men 's money was tied to slavery, therefore, if they lose their slaves, they lose all of their profit. Furthermore, the congress had been debating for a while on whether Missouri should be a slave state or a free state and came to the conclusion to enter it as a slave state but enter the state of Maine, simultaneously, as a free state to maintain the balance. The compromise stated that all land above latitude 36°; 30 ' N would forever be free states. This, however, was only a temporary
Davidson calls racism a modern sickness, as during the Renaissance period, black and white people were painted as equals, and portrayed side-by-side each other. The Atlantic Slave Trade brought a sudden switch in mentality, and black people were deemed as inferior to their white counterparts. Davidson, in Modern Africa: A Social and Political History, states, “by the middle of the nineteenth century the leading countries of Europe lost interest in exporting African labour to the Americans. Now they wanted to be able to use African labour in Africa itself. For that purpose they needed to take control of the black people’s continent.
As stated in Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave by Frederick Douglass, slavery could corrupt the best people, the best courts, and even the best christians. One can see the flaws with in slavery and this essay will further prove that slavery was negative for everyone involved. First, slavery negatively impacted the slave and slaveholders morals. Slavery could infect the kindest of people with a disease that turned them into an unfeeling and cruel master. For example “That cheerful eye, under the influence of slavery, soon became red with rage; that voice, made of all sweet accord, changed to one of harsh and horrid discord; and that angelic face gave place to that of a demon” (Douglass 32).
It enjoyed having a free labor system. It also relied on slave labor to maintain the growth of the farms and plantations. The north didn’t support slavery because they believed it was unfair the south didn’t have to pay for labor. The census of 1790 revealed how many more slaves were in the south than in the north. The south used to it to prove to the north that slavery would not disappear as quickly as believed or perceived.
Then “slave factories” were used to sell people to save owners the trouble of going to Africa to find more people. Owners were able to carry out their crops at the expense of the people brought to America. After many years this created negative profiling and obstacles for underprivileged races. When people in Britain started developing their own opinions about slavery everything changed for England. A man named “Earl” decided that slavery would be illegal because it was not fair for people to own others.
The norther colonies were societies of people escaping religious persecution in Europe who aimed to establish independent settlement. Their economies did thrive off the slave based industries of the south by capitalizing on the demand for maritime services, shipping and merchandising. There economy was sustained by the selling of timber and foodstuffs to the West Indies. It was these slave based colonies which produced the first mass consumer markets of sugar, tobacco and cotton. Eric Williams suggests that the profits that arose from these slave based colonies was essential to the Industrial Revolution.
The Atlantic Slave trade brought 12.5 million Africans from Africa to the Americas, with smaller groups going to the Atlantic islands and also Europe. A big factor of why the Slave Trade was popular was the inequality of enslaved Africans. The enslaved Africans were viewed as property, meaning they could be sold and shipped off across the sea for work and labor. The Transatlantic slave trade expanded despite the consequences for the enslaved africans because of economic success, transportation of new goods to new places, and
It became a part of society because of the decisions made, not because it was already in place, or natural. Additionally, the more specific choice to use African Americans as slaves was because of “the impossibility of using Indians and the difficulty of using whites, the availability of blacks offered in greater and greater numbers by profit-seeking dealers in human flesh, and with such blacks possible to control because they had just gone through an ordeal” (Zinn 1). The settlers decided to use what was most convenient to them, again, a selection they made. Finally, their treatment of the African American slaves as cruel and ruthless, for instance packing a large amount of them in a boat for transportation,, further shows the decisions they made for their convenience, showing how racism is not
The Age of Exploration not only brought land and resources for the Europeans, but also a cruel African slave trade and the destruction of Native American civilization and religions. During this time, a quest for the spread of religion, riches, and fame for many countries was present, and so, they sent voyages towards the new land to set up colonies and further expand their borders. When exploring these lands, the colonists did not take the native people into account when planting the seeds of a new colony, and usually took advantage of their simplistic and unknowing nature. They took their culture, religion, and resources away from them. The exploration and conquest of the New World brought a society that thrived on the hard work of slaves to develop the economies of other countries.
The Europeans needed a new source of people to do their dirty work. They turned to Africa and kidnapped tons of people to be put into the slave trade. Though the slave trade had been around for a while, the American’s need for slaves made the whole trade explode with activity. Like the natives, the Africans were another group of people the Europeans thought were less than them. Because of their sense of entitlement, the Europeans thought it was perfectly fine to treat Africans worse than animals.
As slaves began escaping laws and punishments only became crueler, all in order to maintain economic stability through the abuse of slave labor. Beginning in 1607, slavery arose as indentured servitude ended, as it was full of too many complications. Bacon’s rebellion proved that free labor is successful, as long as I was purely free and not reliant on the promise of land in the end. The accessibility and legality of slavery made it the perfect economical move to maintain the prospering cash crops of the North American colonies. Slavery seemed like the best option for the colonies in the 17th century, but the issues of differing human morality will begin to rise and trigger the civil
The slavery was the most important issue in the 19th century in American where societies were divided from the Northern and southern. In the Southern States, mush of peoples depends on slave handwork in their economic development, but slave were legal free in the Northern States. Slave owner benefits from the labor of the slave in the same way that peoples who believe it is right to tax the rich at higher rate benefit form the labor and property of others that is not their own. Slavery is viewed as evil in this country, because many whites were mean to blacks for their skin color and treated like animals. Abolitionists think all men are created equal and blacks should be treated as fairly as they would white people.