All three of the social theories rely on societal roles of groups, institutions, and their arrangements within society to provide the basis for criminological study. The associations are reviewed as an aspect of social structure and crime because of associations due to economic struggles by classes of people or groups (Schmalleger, 2012). Social disorganization theory views society as a living organism and that criminal behavior is compared to a disease. Strain theory looks at the lack of fit between socially approved success
The conflict theory is a macro-level theory where theorists look at the unequal distribution of resources such as money, power, education, and social prestige. Those who are wealthier and more educated than others in the society hold more power over those who are not wealthy or as educated. Conflict theorists see this a lot in the educational system, where inequality is shown through the materials in the school, teachers in the classrooms, and topics being taught. This type of inequality leads to learning differences that emphasizes social inequalities. Macro-level sociology is looking at the bigger picture of the social process, such as stability and change throughout society.
Social Conflict theory is a sociological theory that argues that society is made up of different groups in society that are all competing for power and scarce resources. The theory focuses on the inequalities of groups such as such as race, sex, class, and age. These inequalities may determine one's social status resulting in conflict. This theory was originally derived from Karl Marx who is considered the "father" of conflict theory. Karl Marx believed that society was made up two unequal groups of people: the people who have all of the power (haves) and the people who are striving to attain the power (have nots).
2016. Retrieved 13 Jun. 2016 from https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/race-and-ethnicity-10/sociological-perspectives-on-race-and-ethnicity-83/the-functionalist-perspective-484-6546/ Conflict Theory Definition | Investopedia http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/conflict-theory.asp#ixzz4BRil7B00 Conflict theory | Introduction to Sociology Keirns, Nathan J., Eric Strayer, Heather Griffiths, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, and Sally Vyain. Griffin, E. (1997). A first look at Communication Theory.
Globally and historically, poverty has been the major determinant of child and adult health and even in rich nations such as the UK; it remains a major cause of ill health with huge public health consequences. Poverty is both a source and an aftereffect of poor health. Poverty increases the chances of poor health. Poverty creates ill-health by forcing people to live in bad environments that make them sick, without decent shelter, clean water or adequate sanitation. Poor health in turn traps communities in poverty.
Conflict theory has been used to describe the discrepancies in power and distribution of resources among the dominate group and the subordinate groups. Racial inequalities and racism among the groups has played a big role in the concept of conflict theory. Conflict theory examines the rising conflict between the dominate group, or white ruling class, and racial minorities, such as African Americans. This conflict and inequality among the races may be a reason why 20.2 percent of African American males die by homicide. In fact, African Americans are six times as likely as whites to be killed by homicide.
Equality has come a long way, but there is a lot more that must be done for all to be considered equal. Until then, race will be a component. Our society, as the conflict theory states, is in constant conflict due to limited resources. White men are in power and have been throughout our known history. They continue to stay in power while the rest of us are left to fend for ourselves.
Class struggle is a conflict in a particular society or between a society which is caused by the lack of unity in one society and different perspective of a different group in a society. It is also called class conflict or class warfare. One social issue of a class struggle is the social inequality. According to study.com, Social inequality is an inequity of social class, award, opportunities, religion, position in the community, social status and at some other point respect in a group of society. It is considered here the unbalanced power, occupation, race, teaching in schools, etc.
As the industrial revolution came in, women were depended on to take care of their family and their home, because men were busy working long hours. Women had no say in whether or not they wanted a career for themselves, because the norm of society was that they were house wives and they couldn’t disobey the norms. One critic of the social-conflict theory is that not everyone sees these gender differences as a problem, there are still families out there who live like this and are happy and work together well, because they’re working together to support and raise their families. Although times have changed, gender inequality is still strong today, women are still seen as being inferior to men and lack the opportunities men have with education, careers, and
Poverty mainly affects people in south Asia and sub-saharan Africa, however Africa has the highest density of poor people. Their bodies are constantly threatened by disease, hunger, and harsh labor. “Where you live should not determine whether you live, or whether you die”(“Quick Facts About Poverty”). Diseases like Ebola and Malaria have the harshest affect on the poor, because they cannot afford treatment and are already in bad physical condition. Children are likely to die soon after birth, and if they do not, they will likely be put into child labor in order to raise a family’s income.