Homer A. Plessy v. John H. Ferguson was a US Supreme Court case between Homer Plessy, the plaintiff, and John Ferguson, the defendant. The year this case took was place was 18961.
Herbert Hoover, the thirty-first president of the United States was very disappointing according to many people. Hoover had a significant impact on World War 1. For example, during World War 1, he organized a peace army that saved 350 million lives from starvation and disease. This is one of the many reasons why people chose Hoover to become the president. Herbert Hoover had a disappointing presidency because he did not overcome the Great Depression and the Stock Market Crash during his presidency.
Hoover was not interested in the affliction caused by the Great Depression. In fact, people’s way of life started deteriorating as they had no support from the government. His inability to face national upcoming crisis was a mistake to the US economy and the way down to massive depression. Hoover marked into law the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, which prompted an emotional decrease in global exchange; and also consenting to impose increments on homes, organizations, and checks. His business profession, and individual convictions, made him ill-suited to giveaway effectively with a monetary calamity as desperate as the Great Depression.
For nearly a century, the United States was occupied by the racial segregation of black and white people. The constitutionality of this “separation of humans into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life” had not been decided until a deliberate provocation to the law was made. The goal of this test was to have a mulatto, someone of mixed blood, defy the segregated train car law and raise a dispute on the fairness of being categorized as colored or not. This test went down in history as Plessy v. Ferguson, a planned challenge to the law during a period ruled by Jim Crow laws and the idea of “separate but equal” without equality for African Americans. This challenge forced the Supreme Court to rule on the constitutionality of segregation, and in result of the case, caused the nation to have split opinions of support and
On the day of August 10, 1874, Herbert Hoover was born in West Branch, Iowa. As Hoover was advancing in age, he worked excessively hard to become involved in the political world. As an American politician, Hoover contributed to the negative impact in the background of America. Herbert Hoover was primarily recognized for serving one term during 1929 until 1933 of the thirty-first president for the United States. This president is considered significant in American history, as citizens of the U.S concluded that Hoover triggered the commencement of The Great Depression. During Herbert Hoover’s term in serving president for The United States Of America, The Great Depression revealed the negative and positive aspects of his presidency.
Before Herbert Hoover served as America’s 31st president during the years 1929 to 1933, Hoover accomplished global success as a mining engineer and worldwide gratitude as “The Great Humanitarian” who fed worn torn Europe during and after World War I. President Hoover brought to the presidency an outstanding reputation for public service as an engineer, administrator, and humanitarian.
But it was true that his presidency was not very recognizable and it had a lot of backfire and different bad moments, the Great Depression had a lot to do with why Hoover’s presidency failed, the people had thought that since he couldn’t keep the stock market together that he would not be able to keep America together. Hoover getting undermined by Congress was definitely not what he thought was going to happen, thinking that he could just be able to rebuild America after the depression would have been easier if he and Congress had gotten along, in the end, Herbert Hoover was the thirty first president of the United States and had served this country and had made sure that it got administered America as though anyone would have if the stock market had happened to crash, it’s good to think back to Hoover’s humanitarian works because he did help out a lot of people in serious need, he did all of this but still having a complete income of millions of dollars working as a mining engineer, he was creative about his ideas and with that he created such things as the Hoover Dam,
In Plessy v. Ferguson was a dispute between on Louisiana rail road act which made it illegal for whites and blacks to sit together in a rail car. Homer Plessy was a man who severed as the vice president for the Justice, Protective, Educational and Social Club in New Orleans. In 1892 Homer Plessy was able to buy a white person first-class ticket on the East Louisiana Railroad boarded in the whites only car.
It wasn 't until the mid twentieth century when Brown v Board of Education came into play that Plessy’s argument was given the okay by the constitution. The Court tried to use Plessy v. Ferguson to deny the argument that Oliver Brown was giving during the Brown v. Board of Education case. Once the Courts decided that separating children by race could have an overall affect on the black children 's ability to learn. In Browns second case the courts overruled the Plessy v Ferguson in the matters of public schools. It was then put into action by the Courts that the states must integrate their
Herbert Hoover served as president during 1929 to 1933. His idea to better help america in this time of need was to try to have people give more charity to others. “ My own conviction is strongly that if we break down this sense of responsibility, of individual generosity to individual”. However this idea did not get the economy back to normal.
Ferguson was a case of the Supreme Court in 1892 after passenger Homer Plessy traveled on the Louisiana railroad and refused to sit in a car for blacks only. Homer Plessy was brought before Judge John H. Ferguson to a Criminal Court in New Orleans to be trailed for refusing to follow the state law of Louisiana “separate but equal.” Such conflict challenged the violation of the 13th and 14th amendment where they ensure equality for recently emancipated slaves. They stated, “Separate facilities for blacks and whites satisfied the Fourteenth Amendment so long as they were equal.” “In the nature of things it could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based upon color, or to enforce social, as distinguished from political equality, or a commingling of the two races unsatisfactory to either.” Therefore, in the final decision of the case the opinion of the majority voted that the separate accommodations imposed by the state of Louisiana did not violate the clause of equal protection for all races. The decision of the justices was based on the on the separate but equal doctrine concluding that segregation is not an unconstitutional way of
Plessy v Fergusen was yet another court case where “separate but equal” was not implementing equality. It showed that they still thought of Black men and women as being less and not deserving the same rights as the White men. Homer Plessy was a free man, that was mainly White and because of a percentage he had of being Black he was treated as a Black man. He tried to sit in the train car of the White men and much like Rosa Parks was asked to go to the back where the Black men belonged in a different car. This case resulted in the Supreme Court defending the decision of the East Louisiana Railroad stating that they weren't violating any law by the ruling they had. This court case showed that even if Plessy was a part White because he was a part
The Great Depression was a financial and industrial recession that began in 1929. Two long-term causes of the Depression were the overproduction of crops by farmers, which exhausted the land and spurred a huge decrease in crops’ value, and a large number of people buying on margin in the stock market, forcing banks to lose more money than they could afford. President Herbert Hoover, elected in 1928, believed in rugged individualism, which meant there would be no government handouts, voluntary cooperation, where people help themselves and the government only mediates, and that the economy has cycles and therefore the Depression should not be considered dangerous. These beliefs prolonged the Depression because Hoover did not give aid to citizens nor did he attempt to change the economy. When President Franklin
This case, which concerned racial segregation laws for public facilities such as restrooms, restaurants, and water fountains, made its way all the way to the Supreme Court. As way of background, in 1890 Louisiana passed a law which required blacks and whites to ride in separate train cars. However, in 1892, Homer A. Plessy, who was a black man, boarded a car designated for whites only. He was asked to leave, but refused and was arrested immediately. In the case, Plessy vs Ferguson, Plessy’s position was that his rights were violated under the 13th and 14th amendments of the Constitution, which dictated equal treatment under the law. However, in 1896 Judge Ferguson of the Supreme Court ruled that Louisiana had the right to regulate railroads within state borders and created a “separate but equal” rule that lay the groundwork for future segregation. This shaped America’s future by aggravating the racial discrimination between blacks and whites. Specifically, laws were passed to keep blacks separate from whites in all sections of society, including education, restrooms, hotels, public transportation, and even cemeteries. Blacks were denied the right to vote and even had a curfew in some places. In summary, this court decision significantly worsened race relations and progress in society for many decades.
Ferguson. Plessy v. Ferguson is known as the case that put Jim Crow laws on the map and with is an era of discrimination and segregation in the United States. The case was brought to the Supreme Court in 1896, Mr.Plessy was a man from Louisiana who went on a train and took an empty seat where white people were normally accommodated , the interesting tidbit was that the rail line had no policy of distinguishing passengers based off of race or ethnicity. However a conductor of the train went up to Mr. Plessy and told him to move with the threat of ejection and or imprisonment. After refusing to move from his seat he was arrested and was taken to court to talk of issues regarding racial mixing