“The Grapes of Wrath” takes place during the great depression: which was a substantial economic downside in United States history. At the same time, racism continues in the United States. The Okies are very talented farmers and most of them travel along route 66 to hope for a better life, but something was waiting for them that was unexpected to these people. They did not receive any governmental supports they were ignorant, and this makes native people easier to realize Okies as an outsider also they found menial and low paying jobs. Steinbeck implies that man turns against another human for the survival of the fittest; therefore, they do not mind to put another human in a situation that is challenging to survive.
According to Willa Cather, the life on the plains in the west was difficult and hard. Cather adds that people had issues farming, raising animals, as well as going into debt. (Document 3) Because the farmers bought land from the rail companies, they lost a major amount of money. The cost of the land, as well as the cost of transportation of food, made the living as farmers more difficult. Also, at the time the railroad companies began to have issues, so they increased prices for shipping as well as making the middlemen take more money from the farmers.
During the Great Depression, many people were desperate for a job, food, shelter, and security, all of which are standards expected in the modern world. However, in the midst of an economic crisis, the people who had stability despised those who could not achieve a steady way of life. Farmers who hoarded the food that could keep people alive would not help those in need. By selfishly withholding aid, the farmers failed humanity in a way, “that topples all our success,” showing that what they did was not right (Steinbeck 349). When faced with the injustice of people being too poor to afford what they need to survive, those who had resources were morally obligated to help feed those
Feudalism returned and continued, leading to the continuation of serfdom of many people and their obligation to provide a share of their harvest and labor to their landlords. Moreover, guild controlled much of the industries and because with their licensure policies, the establishing of factories became difficult and limited. In trade perspective, local German textile industry faced competition when the allies lifted the Continental System that blocked the entry of cheap British textile. A depression also followed in 1817 when agricultural production dropped significantly. But the most significant challenge towards Germany’s industrial revolution was its political set up.
There was terrible wealth distribution to the rich were excessively rich whilst the poor where extremely poor. They would work in factories for log hours, which had no regard for health and safety. Therefore, work was very dangerous. They had an unbearable workload to earn a stable living. Due to their poor pay, they would live in cramped and humid houses making them extremely vulnerable to diseases like pneumonia.
During the time of the Middle Ages, serfs and peasants had no rights because they were the lower class people. World Book Online specifically says, “ The peasants had few rights and were almost completely at the mercy of their lords. A peasant family worked together to farm both the lord's fields and their own. Peasants also performed whatever other tasks the lord demanded, such as cutting wood, storing grain, or repairing roads and bridges. Peasants were not free because they had sworn an oath to the lord.
To quilt govt expenses, many taxes had been imposed on their topics. The one means subjects might earn cash was by means of labor, such as: plantation work, mining, and govt jobs. Many men became migrant workers, which left the females at house to do the planting and aid the kids. The much less prevailing countries grew to become very stylish on their industrial superiors. Common economies have been disrupted by means of mass construction.
The monstrous exploitation of the working masses ensures particularly high incomes from the capital invested in the colonies and dependent countries. In addition, the metropolitan countries import from these countries hundreds of thousands of workers who perform particularly hard work for poor payment. Thus, the monopolies in the United States, especially in the south, subject to inhuman exploitation of workers from Mexico and Puerto Rico, the monopoly of France - Indo-Chinese workers, etc. Even in this conditions people had to work, because colonies had no alternatives to gain capital (Lenin 2008). To transport these materials, a lot of railroads and steamships were built.
Migrant workers are people from foreign countries that come to the U.S. to find paying jobs. Migrant workers had to work hard physical jobs for long hours everyday. They also had very poor living conditions because of the money the earned. The start of the droughts started in 1931 and the start of dust storms started in 1931. The dust bowl killed many people from filling people's lungs with dirt.
To cite an instance, Brown University wrote, “because of illness and death workers became exceedingly scarce so even peasants felt the effects of the new rise in wages”(“social”). The population decline affected the economy in many ways. Though there were many negative consequences, there were also some positives, such as higher wages. Additionally, an excerpt from 'The Black Death’ reads “The Black Death did more than kill large numbers of people. It also altered many social customs disrupted trade, and made most people fearful of contact with strangers”(Bender 65).
In Chapter, 5, an intercalary chapter, the tenant farmers suffers from the payments that were unable to be paid mainly due to the decreased crop production. The quote describes the owner’s situation where they were also struggling to pay for the debt they made. Steinbeck uses personification (metaphor) such as the ‘bank monster’ avoiding eating side-meat and ‘breathing’ to describe the bank’s desperate situation where their business would not be able to survive without the reliance on the landowners. Like the monsters, who break the peace and show their wickedness from their unconsciousness, the bank became a source of suffering and pain of the tenant farmers and transformed into ‘money-demanding machine’ when they got into a desperate situation.
In the chapter Takaki describes how the Japanese 's oversea to America because of the Bearing of the burden taxation. ' 'A lot of farmers suffered severe economic hardships during the 1880 's ' ' (Takaki 231), that caused a lot of the famers to unable to pay their taxes. Due to the Bearing of the Burden taxation several of the famers lost their lands that caused starving many parts of the country. Then, the Takaki describes the picture brides in America, which is how women is a ' 'picture bride system was based om the established custom of arraigned marriage ' '(Takaki 234). In Japan women could work, so a lot of the Japanese women oversee to America because they wanted to work, they were driven by ' 'dreams of making money ' '.
Farmers were abused by the railroad freight fees, the world market’s dramatic drop of commodity prices caused by overproduction, and tariffs for their goods which resulted in the farmers to be continuously be stuck in debt. Industrial workers constantly suffered in poor working conditions and low pay. It was not uncommon for most workers to work more than ten hours a day. They were also faced with job instability. Missing a day of work could easily could get them fired, and if a worker was faced with an injury or sickness they would have to suck it up and continue working because there was no “sick days”.