Theories Of Social Loafing

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Social loafing
Similar to the Ringlemann effect this theory shows how motivation is reduce when within a group. This theory states that the more people who are in a single team the less motivated each individual is this is because the team’s performance is less dependent on an individual but spread across a wide the team. Although, the individual may not work as hard because their effort may become shrouded amongst the rest of the team’s effort and success.
The Social loafing theory can be represented in a flow diagram: (Stafford-Brown and Rea, 2016)
For example, the social loafing theory could be shown within Team GB’s quadruple sculling team, as there are four members that rely on each other to row which means that according to the theory
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Whereas, a social oriented team thrives and exists due to the group’s social relationships and interaction amongst members in a team. (Teachpe.com, 2016) For example, Team GB is task oriented as they all are working together for a common purpose of trying to win the Olympics, which means that this is the cohesion that stops the team from splitting up. If the team have a better cohesion then this means that the team’s performance will increase and they will be able to work together more…show more content…
The environment could affect a group’s cohesion as if the team is close together and get along well then there is a better chance of success, however, if the team do no talk to each other then there is a greater chance of them not winning many games because teams need to work together in order to win team games. For example, if a football team had amazing players that were the best in the league, but the players never communicated and decided to try and score a goal on their own, the team’s success rate will be horrible despite them having the best players as they are not playing as a team but as individuals, whereas if you have a team of players that are average but are able to communicate and express their ideas on how to win games, they will have a better success rate as the team will be able to rely on each other to help win the game. In addition, team could be affected by the leadership of the team as the way the leader does behave and communicate may affect the team, for example, showing a positive mental attitude and the proper way to behave will influence the other teammates as it will change how they behave towards a win or a loss. Finally, the team factors may affect how cohesive a team as teams that have been playing together a long time, have a better cohesion than a team that get new players joining and leaving constantly; teams that

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