The Social Poverty: Development Approach To Social Development

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The Social Development approach which started from 1994, aims at collective empowerment, facilitating the processes that help the poor, vulnerable and marginalised to regain power and control over their lives. Poverty according to Swanepoel and De Beer (as sited in Narayan, Chambers Shah & Petesch, 2000, p. 33) poverty is said to be like heat; one cannot see it; one can only feel it; so to know poverty one has to go through it words by a poor person living in Ethiopia. A number of individuals; families and communities are regarded as poverty stricken if they are without basic needs: no food, no shelter and no means of survival. The concept of poverty can also be clear as the state of being poor or deficient in money or means of subsistence…show more content…
Although it was expected that it would take a considerable time to eradicate the legacy of the past, but it is a matter of great concern that the levels of poverty and inequality are on the increase in South Africa. South Africa adopted the White Paper on Social Welfare (1997) in line with its developmental agenda with a view of adopting a developmental approach to social welfare and the intention to address issues of poverty and inequity, promoting social development by integrating social interventions with economic development. Furthermore, the White Paper for Social Welfare when looking at the issues of poverty in South Africa gives an indication that South Africa has experienced declining economic growth rates over the last. two decades, the average annual growth rate of the Gross Domestic Product falling below the annual population growth rate. The situation has resulted in decreased per capita income and increase in poverty and pressure on the welfare system to meet basic human needs. The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) study revealed that the poverty gap in South Africa has grown from R56 billion in 1996 to R81 billion in 2001, indicating that poor households were affected more during the said period and a large, poor population being the KwaZulu–Natal Province with the biggest poverty gap of…show more content…
Hence, despite having adopted a developmental approach to service delivery, the social sector’s progress in delivering on its developmental mandate lagged and is still lagging behind. Social grants made and are making a huge contribution to alleviate poverty of many households in South Africa as a number of beneficiaries solely depend on the grant for their survival. The financial burden of social security is increasing and it has been noted as becoming unsustainable. The government acknowledged that no exit levels were planned for social grants. This reality emphasised that whilst caring for the vulnerable and the marginalised and thus achieving social justice, the government has not fully delivered on its social development goals (Department of Social Development,

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