Egypt social structure was like a pyramid. At the top was egypt’s ruler, Pharaoh. Below the pharaoh; next two highest classes in the social pyramid, which are government officials and priests. Then there were scribes. They recorded information for government and religious leaders. Artisans are the next layer of the social pyramid. Artisans were people like carpenters, metalworkers and painters. They were highly skilled, but they had little social status. At the bottom of the social pyramid were the peasants. They provided the Egyptians with a steady food
(Document D) The graffiti belonged to different tribes constructing the pyramids, written in places that were not supposed to be seen. One tribe called themselves “the Friends of Khufu Gang" which suggests a friendly relation to the king. In a separate investigation, beer, bread, and a dozen preserved skeletons occupied tombs near the pyramids, an honor that would not have been bestowed upon slaves. (harvardmagazine.com) “Some of the skeletons also suggest that the workers [...] were well treated [...] the workers did have access to good medical care.” (ngm.nationalgeographic.com) If slaves built the pyramid, then why were they buried so close to the pyramids with supplies for the afterlife, why did they consider themselves friends of Khufu, and why were they treated so
Throughout history, Egypt was one of the greatest societies for many reasons. The Egyptian society lasted from 3100 BCE to 30 BCE. It was ruled by multiple pharaohs, one of the most important being Queen Hatshepsut as she was the first female pharaoh in Ancient Egypt. In addition, the geography of the region helped the Egyptian people immensely as the Nile River provided a way of transportation improved soil conditions. Lastly, their architectural advancements made their society great as it created a way of spiritual life for all people. The aspects in which made Egypt great were Queen Hatshepsut, the geography of the region and their architectural advancements.
Ancient Egypt was ruled by a person called a Pharaoh. These Pharaohs were like kings and emperors. The Pharaoh in ancient Egypt was the political and religious leader of the people. They were about 170 pharaohs and they ruled from 3150BCE to about 31BCE. Out of 170 pharaohs, they were a few of them who stand out because of their accomplishment. A few pharaohs who stand out are Ramses II, Khufu, Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, and Senusret I. While these pharaohs were alive they contributed to their people by building pyramids, temples, sculptures, and creating literature. King Tutankhamun stands above the pack and is considered today by the majority of people as being the most famous and most well recognized Egyptian Pharaoh.
When the Pharaohs died they go mummified. That shows social classes because only the Pharaohs got mummified. Depending on their Social Class they would get buried with all their prized possessions. They also used Social Classes to have slaves. The slaves would do the work for higher people in Social Classes.
There are four different powers. Political, economic, military, and religious are all effective in our lives. The two forms of power that have been most effective throughout history are economic and political. These two powers are important because economic power had to do with all the trade that was doing now and political power since someone had to control the land and the people.
It very a very important structure to all Egyptians. It is believed that the pyramid was originally built for the tomb of Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu, but it was used for other things (Ancient History). Ancient Egyptians also would go to the pyramids to worship their gods and make sacrifices (Aztec History).
About three to four million years ago, the first humans classified as hominids lived in Africa. Australopithecines were bipedal and were able to make simple tools out of stone. Louis and May Leakey discovered a hominid that they named Homo habilis. These hominids were the first to make tools. With a larger brain, they were able to make better decisions when it came to searching for food. Around 1.5 million years ago, a new variation of the hominid emerged. They were named Homo erectus and were able to make more sophisticated tools. They were the first hominids to leave Africa and travel to parts of Europe and Asia.
In Egypt, sandy deserts seem to stretch on endlessly with little life in sight. In the middle of the desert, though, rests the Nile River. The Nile, measuring 4,187 miles from beginning to end. The Niles is the longest river in the world. Ancient Egyptians relied on the Nile's bounty to develop into a strong and thriving civilization. Egyptians depended on the Nile to irrigate their crops. The Nile flooded for six months each year, then left behind layers of silt as the waters flooded. Egyptians grew crops such as wheat, barley, beans and cotton in the silt. They dug canals from the river to their farms so crops would receive water. Egyptians ate fish from the river and hunted birds in its marshes. They gathered papyrus reeds from the banks of the river and turned them into a flattened material similar like paper. They also used papyrus for rope, sand. The Nile provided water, traveling source for crop irrigation, Nile provided highway for traveling.
The economic ways of both Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in value and influence. These civilizations thrived on trade both within itself and with other civilizations. These cities like Sumer and Giza became important to the economic structures of the civilizations. The cities were the economic centers. They housed scribes who recorded taxes and transactions and architects who designed projects that became public works such as ziggurats and tombs. The cities became a place for artisan goods like metallurgy and sculptors. Most importantly, they were trade hubs. Trade allowed both Egypt and Mesopotamia to receive items that lacked such as cattle and trade away what they had an abundance of. Egypt traded things like papyrus for ebony and ivory
i) The phenomenon that the “Hymn to the Nile “responds to the dependency of the Egyptian people on the Nile river. The text shows that the Nile river served as a source of life which sustained and provided all for Egyptians “who creates all that is good” (“Hymn to the Nile” stanza 9). The text asks questions about who controls the Nile and why it flow the way it does - the text itself answers that it is the Egyptian god Hapy who controls the Nile. Hapy is the god of the Nile (Professor David Wardle, Wednesday the 17th of February) who delivers the drought or the floods affecting the prosperity of the land (“Hymn to the Nile” stanza 1). The
Even though women had more independence in Egypt compared to other societies, equality among the sexes was not apparent. There were certain roles in societies that were strictly male or female, causing a limited choice on careers and within the job had certain tasks relating the gender. For example, it was obtainable for both men and women to be servants but within that, they acquired different responsibilities. Men worked with the beer and meat, brewing and butchering it: and women dealt with grounding grain and baking bread. Throughout the kingdoms, an evolution of gender roles in society took place. In the Old Kingdom, musicians and dancers were only allowed to be women, but as the New kingdom approached, the position was open to both genders.
The Ancient Egyptians were one of the first Civilizations to form in the ancient world. These people dealt with each other in peace and war, birth, and death. The Egyptians have influenced us in many ways. The Egyptians have influenced us in our inventions, math, writing, medicine, religion, sports, and music.