The Social Theory: Social Construction Of Reality

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The social concept also social construction of reality (Social constructionism) is considered a theory of knowledge in sociology which evaluates the advancement of mutually created understandings of the world which is a basis for the formation of collective assumptions on reality. The theory affirms the opinion that people rationalize their experience through creating models of their social world and later sharing such models via language. Dating from the work of Berger and Luckmann (1966) different authors have put forth their contribution and ideas on social constructionizm. Berger and Luckmann dispute that all knowledge is gained and maintained from social interactions. Apparently according to the two authors people interact bearing in mind…show more content…
The authors focused on the Social stock of knowledge with greater institutions, groups and their tendencies unlike earlier theories that had been developed by the likes of Max Weber, Karl Marx among others who had focused on scientific and theoretical knowledge on smaller groups. Other authors and researchers come forth to support or dispute the ideologies of Berger and Luckmann. Ross & Mirowsky (1984) carried out an investigation on social construction of reality in reference to a marriage. Just as Berger and Luckmann (1966) held Ross and Mirowsky historical actions and interactions are important in social construction of reality. However, in their study they deduced that marriage perception is not a concrete reality and a husband and wife may differ on how they view it. They attributed this to broader values and cultural norms of their respective histories. This was a contribution to seminal work as their work deduced that a common reality may not always be evident between individual due to other factors lie divergent norms and cultural practices. Death is considered the ultimate social construction of reality (Brabant,…show more content…
Basically, Grant puts it that in face of problems leaders will make a decision based on the challenge they are facing. He further asserts that situations are tame, wicked or critical and depending on the situation the social constructivist approach is enhanced. The main reason behind this is that the three situations can be linked to different forms of resource which are calculative, ideological and coercive (Grant 2005). Unlike many other researchers Grant handles a unique area where he analysis language and leadership. His, concept takes into consideration that at times the nature of certain situations determines how problems are solved. Approaches may differ. Grant takes a different perspective and approach; hence the views deduced differ to a certain extent compared to other researchers. According to him language constructs what is either considered true or real. (Fairhurst & Grant 2010; Tolstikov-Mast, 2014; Fine, 2015) also viewed the social construction of reality as a base of leadership social construction
Mazman (2008) analyzes how sociological perspectives are perceived by the various sociologists. Mazman (2008) analyze Berger and Lucmann perspective as different from Marx’s perspective. Mazman asserts that Berger and Lucmann view common sense of knowledge of ordinary people in everyday life based on assumptions rather than theoretical explanations

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