Many psychologists in the late 1960s neglected the possibility that behavior was more than just biological in nature. However, some proposed that to answer this question we must consider that the psychology that would best explain this “crisis” was located in the social. Our day to day interactions with the people around us and the structure of our society as a whole was the cause of our behavior. This sociological theory is known as Social Constructionism, the development of collectively constructed understandings of society, or the world, that create the basis for assumptions that are shared by others in that society, ” Social constructionists, however, deny that their position embodies the kind of relativism which leads to self-refutation and absurd outcome of anything goes” (Hibberd 29). This theory generally attempts to answer the question stated above, what causes the different behaviors in individuals?
The purpose of this book is to explore various avenues of the existing ‘Age of Fact’ and the urgent role of the social analyst to integrate the particular history, biography, and social structure of humankind. According to Mills, the sociological imagination is to be aware of the idea of social structure and to use it with sensibility. He noticeably believes that the sociological imagination can only initiate and direct the individual towards the synoptic internalization and realization of social, cultural, and political realm, which would assist the social researcher to transform the understandings of his scientific experience. Subsequently, he validated the social-science study through translating the private issues to public issues.
It is essential to understanding the social constructivist theory that you understand Gergen’s view of the subject. Gergen supports a form of social constructivism referred to as social constructionism. This theory is very similar to the social constructivist theory on how people create knowledge One problem that Gergen identifies is the problem of knowing other minds (1995). This is essential to his theory, because like social constructivism, social constructionism requires two separate actors. Gergen (1995) suggest, “that the contents of these minds are expressed in words and actions, how are we to determine what internal states these words and actions are attempting to express?
It is aspects of our social life that shape the behaviour of individuals in society. These are created from collective forces, on the outside that do not come from the individual himself. (Hadden, p. 104). Durkheim considered society as sui-generis, which means self-born. This means that social facts are born out of centuries of accepted ways of doing things.
Science of Sociology There are a number of different definitions of ‘sociology’ and they all have the fundamental idea of “the ways in which society operates”. It can be described more formally as the study of the development, structure and function of human society. Sociology is unlike some other sciences, such as mathematics, where a series of propositions will usually lead to definite conclusions. Sociology is often defined as a social science because it deals with the ways in which human beings interact with each other. It looks at the ways in which people make decisions about other people and why they interact in that way.
The key idea to science is observation where it encompass tangible evidence and empirical proof. For sociology, it is “ The science of society. The sociologist studies how everyday, individual stories and relationships relate to the larger, collective stories of social groups, social systems, and societies” (Alexander & Thompson, 2008 , p.4). Although sociology is defined as science (-ology) of society (socio-) (Alexander & Thompson, 2008), it does not mean that it is all about experiments and mathemathics but rather, has its own unique features, which differ from other types of sciences. This can be seen where Kavitha mentioned several factors as of why sociology is a science.
CYW 129- Understanding Society In the following discourse multiple theories and perspectives within sociology will be outlined. How each perspective looks at society will be explored while providing explanations of theories within each perspective. The importance of social theory within community and youth work and how applies to practice will be explained using a case study. Before looking at social theory it is important to firstly look at sociology. Sociology is the study of people and their behaviours, values, and power within society.
We can see these subject matters crystal clear as sociology ranges from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Sociology of education is one of the specialized areas in sociology. The sociology of education has been important part of development of the discipline of sociology. In the context of sociology of education it can be define as the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcome. The word education itself proved that the aim of it is “to teach us how to think than what to think.” Sociology of education enable us to think critically about human social life and to keep asking questions concerning the sociological problems in education and understanding related concepts such as functions, progress, problems and the importance of good interaction between society and education systems.
The third and the fourth tied the ideology with social powers and the imposing of one group’s power on other groups. The last two definitions stated that the ideology signifies the false and deceptive beliefs which arise from the material structure of the society and are beneficial for the ruling class. Although the list of definitions by Eagleton did not reduce the vagueness of the term ideology, it has attracted multiple authors from different fields of research to investigate ideology (Alaghbary, 2015). This paper will include several definitions which are related to Discourse Analysis. Stuart Hall (1986: 6) called ideology “the mental frameworks- languages, the concepts, categories, imagery of thought, and the systems of representation - which different classes and social groups deploy in order to make sense of, figure out and render intelligible the way society works”.
They may have the knowledge where they born but it does not have to valid in other geographies and that is the reason why socilogists may remain "ethnocentric" and this is a problem for understanding other societies. The final problem with sociological perspective is that, because sociological found outs will be released to society it might cause more trouble in society if it related to a problematic issue. For example, if a socilogist releases the reasons of sexual assault, the society would have more information about it and more and more sexual assalult news might be written. To sum up, there are some problems with sociological perspective and shortly they are sociology is part of the changing world, sociologists are part of the thing what they are studying and because sociology has an impact on society sociologial knowledge becomes a part of